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Article: Contextualism as an important facet of individualism-collectivism: Personhood beliefs across 37 national groups

TitleContextualism as an important facet of individualism-collectivism: Personhood beliefs across 37 national groups
Authors
Keywordsindividualism-collectivism
measurement invariance
personhood beliefs
cross-cultural differences
Issue Date2013
Citation
Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 2013, v. 44, n. 1, p. 24-45 How to Cite?
AbstractBeliefs about personhood are understood to be a defining feature of individualism-collectivism (I-C), but they have been insufficiently explored, given the emphasis of research on values and self-construals. We propose the construct of contextualism, referring to beliefs about the importance of context in understanding people, as a facet of cultural collectivism. A brief measure was developed and refined across 19 nations (Study 1: N = 5,241), showing good psychometric properties for cross-cultural use and correlating well at the nation level with other supposed facets and indicators of I-C. In Study 2 (N = 8,652), nation-level contextualism predicted ingroup favoritism, corruption, and differential trust of ingroup and outgroup members, while controlling for other facets of I-C, across 35 nations. We conclude that contextualism is an important part of cultural collectivism. This highlights the importance of beliefs alongside values and self-representations and contributes to a wider understanding of cultural processes. © The Author(s) 2013.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/230914
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.795
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.308

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorOwe, Ellinor-
dc.contributor.authorVignoles, Vivian L.-
dc.contributor.authorBecker, Maja-
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Rupert-
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Peter B.-
dc.contributor.authorLee, Spike W S-
dc.contributor.authorEasterbrook, Matt-
dc.contributor.authorGadre, Tanuja-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Xiao-
dc.contributor.authorGheorghiu, Mirona-
dc.contributor.authorBaguma, Peter-
dc.contributor.authorTatarko, Alexander-
dc.contributor.authorAldhafri, Said-
dc.contributor.authorZinkeng, Martina-
dc.contributor.authorSchwartz, Seth J.-
dc.contributor.authorDes Rosiers, Sabrina E.-
dc.contributor.authorVillamar, Juan A.-
dc.contributor.authorMekonnen, Kassahun Habtamu-
dc.contributor.authorRegalia, Camillo-
dc.contributor.authorManzi, Claudia-
dc.contributor.authorBrambilla, Maria-
dc.contributor.authorKusdil, Ersin-
dc.contributor.authorÇaǧlar, Selinay-
dc.contributor.authorGavreliuc, Alin-
dc.contributor.authorMartin, Mariana-
dc.contributor.authorJianxin, Zhang-
dc.contributor.authorLv, Shaobo-
dc.contributor.authorFischer, Ronald-
dc.contributor.authorMilfont, Taciano L.-
dc.contributor.authorTorres, Ana-
dc.contributor.authorCamino, Leoncio-
dc.contributor.authorKreuzbauer, Robert-
dc.contributor.authorGausel, Nicolay-
dc.contributor.authorBuitendach, Johanna H.-
dc.contributor.authorLemos, Flávia Cristina Silveira-
dc.contributor.authorFritsche, Immo-
dc.contributor.authorMöller, Bettina-
dc.contributor.authorHarb, Charles-
dc.contributor.authorValk, Aune-
dc.contributor.authorEspinosa, Agustín-
dc.contributor.authorJaafar, Jas Laile-
dc.contributor.authorYuki, Masaki-
dc.contributor.authorFerreira, M. Cristina-
dc.contributor.authorChobthamkit, Phatthanakit-
dc.contributor.authorFülöp, Márta-
dc.contributor.authorChybicka, Aneta-
dc.contributor.authorWang, Qian-
dc.contributor.authorBond, Michael Harris-
dc.contributor.authorGonzález, Roberto-
dc.contributor.authorDidier, Nicolas-
dc.contributor.authorCarrasco, Diego-
dc.contributor.authorCadena, Maria Paz-
dc.contributor.authorLay, Siugmin-
dc.contributor.authorGardarsdóttir, Ragna B.-
dc.contributor.authorNizharadze, George-
dc.contributor.authorPyszczynski, Tom-
dc.contributor.authorKesebir, Pelin-
dc.contributor.authorHerman, Ginette-
dc.contributor.authorde Sauvage, Isabelle-
dc.contributor.authorCourtois, Marie-
dc.contributor.authorBourguignon, David-
dc.contributor.authorÖzgen, Emre-
dc.contributor.authorGüner, Ülku E.-
dc.contributor.authorYamakoǧlu, Nil-
dc.contributor.authorAbuhamdeh, Sami-
dc.contributor.authorMogaji, Andrew-
dc.contributor.authorMacapagal, Ma Elizabeth J-
dc.contributor.authorKoller, Silvia H.-
dc.contributor.authorAmponsah, Benjamin-
dc.contributor.authorMisra, Girishwar-
dc.contributor.authorKapur, Preeti-
dc.contributor.authorVargas Trujillo, Elvia-
dc.contributor.authorBalanta, Paola-
dc.contributor.authorCendales Ayala, Boris-
dc.contributor.authorSchweiger Gallo, Inge-
dc.contributor.authorPrieto Gil, Paula-
dc.contributor.authorClemares, Raquel Lorente-
dc.contributor.authorCampara, Gabriella-
dc.contributor.authorJalal, Baland-
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-01T06:07:08Z-
dc.date.available2016-09-01T06:07:08Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 2013, v. 44, n. 1, p. 24-45-
dc.identifier.issn0022-0221-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/230914-
dc.description.abstractBeliefs about personhood are understood to be a defining feature of individualism-collectivism (I-C), but they have been insufficiently explored, given the emphasis of research on values and self-construals. We propose the construct of contextualism, referring to beliefs about the importance of context in understanding people, as a facet of cultural collectivism. A brief measure was developed and refined across 19 nations (Study 1: N = 5,241), showing good psychometric properties for cross-cultural use and correlating well at the nation level with other supposed facets and indicators of I-C. In Study 2 (N = 8,652), nation-level contextualism predicted ingroup favoritism, corruption, and differential trust of ingroup and outgroup members, while controlling for other facets of I-C, across 35 nations. We conclude that contextualism is an important part of cultural collectivism. This highlights the importance of beliefs alongside values and self-representations and contributes to a wider understanding of cultural processes. © The Author(s) 2013.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology-
dc.subjectindividualism-collectivism-
dc.subjectmeasurement invariance-
dc.subjectpersonhood beliefs-
dc.subjectcross-cultural differences-
dc.titleContextualism as an important facet of individualism-collectivism: Personhood beliefs across 37 national groups-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/0022022111430255-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84870991829-
dc.identifier.volume44-
dc.identifier.issue1-
dc.identifier.spage24-
dc.identifier.epage45-
dc.identifier.eissn1552-5422-

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