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Article: Evaluating the impact of caries prevention and management by caries risk assessment guidelines on clinical practice in a dental teaching hospital

TitleEvaluating the impact of caries prevention and management by caries risk assessment guidelines on clinical practice in a dental teaching hospital
Authors
Issue Date2016
PublisherBioMed Central Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcoralhealth/
Citation
BMC Oral Health, 2016, v. 16, p. 58 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground Clinical practice guidelines on ‘Dental caries prevention and management by caries risk assessment for pre-school children in Hong Kong’ were developed using ADAPTE process and Delphi consensus technique. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of disseminating and implementing the guidelines, and to evaluate their effectiveness in changing clinical practice. Methods The study was conducted in two phases, examining clinical records of pre-school aged patients being treated by non-academic clinical staff in the Paediatric Dentistry Clinic of a dental teaching hospital in Hong Kong. The clinical guidelines were introduced to the staff in a departmental seminar at the end of pre-intervention phase. Post-intervention phase began one month after the introduction of guidelines. Clinical records for three consecutive months were reviewed against standards and recommendations derived from the newly developed clinical guidelines in both phases. The results were assessed by Chi-square test, ANOVA and regression analyses. Results A total of 237 and 147 clinical records were reviewed in pre-intervention and post-intervention phases, respectively. Guideline adherence percentage increased significantly on almost all aspects of the guidelines in the post-intervention phase (P < 0.05). There were a significant difference in the mean overall guideline adherence score (pre-intervention phase: x⎯⎯⎯x¯ = 14.86 ± 6.11; post-intervention phase: x⎯⎯⎯x¯ = 28.88 ± 8.75) and sub-domain adherence scores between the two phases (P < 0.001). The training grade of the clinicians was the factor associated with changes in evidence-based practice (P < 0.001). Conclusions The developed guidelines were effective in translating evidence into best practice. The findings have implication for widespread implementation.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/229084
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.21
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.616
PubMed Central ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLee, HMG-
dc.contributor.authorMcGrath, CPJ-
dc.contributor.authorYiu, CKY-
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-23T14:08:54Z-
dc.date.available2016-08-23T14:08:54Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationBMC Oral Health, 2016, v. 16, p. 58-
dc.identifier.issn1472-6831-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/229084-
dc.description.abstractBackground Clinical practice guidelines on ‘Dental caries prevention and management by caries risk assessment for pre-school children in Hong Kong’ were developed using ADAPTE process and Delphi consensus technique. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of disseminating and implementing the guidelines, and to evaluate their effectiveness in changing clinical practice. Methods The study was conducted in two phases, examining clinical records of pre-school aged patients being treated by non-academic clinical staff in the Paediatric Dentistry Clinic of a dental teaching hospital in Hong Kong. The clinical guidelines were introduced to the staff in a departmental seminar at the end of pre-intervention phase. Post-intervention phase began one month after the introduction of guidelines. Clinical records for three consecutive months were reviewed against standards and recommendations derived from the newly developed clinical guidelines in both phases. The results were assessed by Chi-square test, ANOVA and regression analyses. Results A total of 237 and 147 clinical records were reviewed in pre-intervention and post-intervention phases, respectively. Guideline adherence percentage increased significantly on almost all aspects of the guidelines in the post-intervention phase (P < 0.05). There were a significant difference in the mean overall guideline adherence score (pre-intervention phase: x⎯⎯⎯x¯ = 14.86 ± 6.11; post-intervention phase: x⎯⎯⎯x¯ = 28.88 ± 8.75) and sub-domain adherence scores between the two phases (P < 0.001). The training grade of the clinicians was the factor associated with changes in evidence-based practice (P < 0.001). Conclusions The developed guidelines were effective in translating evidence into best practice. The findings have implication for widespread implementation.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherBioMed Central Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcoralhealth/-
dc.relation.ispartofBMC Oral Health-
dc.rightsBMC Oral Health. Copyright © BioMed Central Ltd.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleEvaluating the impact of caries prevention and management by caries risk assessment guidelines on clinical practice in a dental teaching hospital-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailLee, HMG: lee.gillian@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailMcGrath, CPJ: mcgrathc@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailYiu, CKY: ckyyiu@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityLee, HMG=rp01594-
dc.identifier.authorityMcGrath, CPJ=rp00037-
dc.identifier.authorityYiu, CKY=rp00018-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12903-016-0217-9-
dc.identifier.pmid27230775-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC4881058-
dc.identifier.hkuros262111-
dc.identifier.volume16-
dc.identifier.spage58-
dc.identifier.epage58-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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