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Conference Paper: Constructing and reconstructing life for depressed individuals: fostering positive spirituality in Clay Art Making

TitleConstructing and reconstructing life for depressed individuals: fostering positive spirituality in Clay Art Making
Other TitlesConstructing & reconstructing life for depressed individuals: fostering positive spirituality in Clay Art Making
Authors
Issue Date2016
PublisherSpringer New York LLC. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.springer.com/medicine/journal/12160
Citation
The 37th Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions of the Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM 2016), Washington, DC., 30 March-2 April 2016. In Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2016, v. 50 suppl. 1, p. S158, abstract no. B168 How to Cite?
AbstractBACKGROUND Depression creates huge socioeconomic problems globally and will become the most serious cause of disability in 2030 (WHO, 2008). Medical interventions predominate treatment of depression but multiple impairments urge to treat depression holistically. Being a core component of holistic health, spirituality remains under researched and cared for in depressed individuals. Spirituality emerges in clay-work of art therapy as its constant construction and reconstruction processes resemble rich life experiences. Clay-work transcends spirituality in the dimensions of making meaning, reconstructing life view, and enhancing resilience to adversity in life. This study aims to evaluate the effects of clay-work on spirituality for depressed patients which has rarely been reported in the literature. METHODS 50 participants with diagnosed depression were recruited into clay-work group from outpatient clinics on convenience basis, for six 2.5 hours weekly sessions. Intervention efficacy was measured by the Spirituality Well-being Inventory (SWBI) Tranquility, Disorientation and Resilience Subscales, with each corresponded dimensions of spirituality imbedded in clay-work. Data were collected at baseline, end of treatment (T1) and three weeks after (T2). RESULTS Results of repeated measures MANCOVA showed significant combined effect of clay-work on the SWBI Subscales, indicated by Pillai’s Trace [F(6, 46) = 5.138, p = .000]. Participants had increase of scores in Tranquility Subscale from baseline (M=17.60, SD=9.76) to T2 (M=22.28, SD=10.01), p < .000. The change from baseline to T3 (M=22.04, SD=10.83) was significant, p < .000. There was drop of scores in Disorientation Subscale from baseline (M=29.72, SD=10.33) to T2 (M=25.09, SD=10.06), p < .05. The change from baseline to T3 (M=24.63, SD=11.80) was maintained, p < .000. The increase of scores in Resilience Subscale from baseline (M=15.00, SD=7.51) to T2 (M=16.94, SD=6.40) was insignificant, p > .05 but the change from baseline to T3 (M=17.77, SD=5.50) was significant, p < .01. CONCLUSION The results suggest clay-work can enhance positive spirituality that benefits holistic health for depressed patients. The mechanisms of the therapy is worthy of further investigation.
DescriptionConference Theme: Behavioral Medicine at a Crossroads: 21st Century Challenges and Solutions
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/228991
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.195
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.112

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorNan, KMJ-
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-23T14:08:17Z-
dc.date.available2016-08-23T14:08:17Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationThe 37th Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions of the Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM 2016), Washington, DC., 30 March-2 April 2016. In Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2016, v. 50 suppl. 1, p. S158, abstract no. B168-
dc.identifier.issn0883-6612-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/228991-
dc.descriptionConference Theme: Behavioral Medicine at a Crossroads: 21st Century Challenges and Solutions-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND Depression creates huge socioeconomic problems globally and will become the most serious cause of disability in 2030 (WHO, 2008). Medical interventions predominate treatment of depression but multiple impairments urge to treat depression holistically. Being a core component of holistic health, spirituality remains under researched and cared for in depressed individuals. Spirituality emerges in clay-work of art therapy as its constant construction and reconstruction processes resemble rich life experiences. Clay-work transcends spirituality in the dimensions of making meaning, reconstructing life view, and enhancing resilience to adversity in life. This study aims to evaluate the effects of clay-work on spirituality for depressed patients which has rarely been reported in the literature. METHODS 50 participants with diagnosed depression were recruited into clay-work group from outpatient clinics on convenience basis, for six 2.5 hours weekly sessions. Intervention efficacy was measured by the Spirituality Well-being Inventory (SWBI) Tranquility, Disorientation and Resilience Subscales, with each corresponded dimensions of spirituality imbedded in clay-work. Data were collected at baseline, end of treatment (T1) and three weeks after (T2). RESULTS Results of repeated measures MANCOVA showed significant combined effect of clay-work on the SWBI Subscales, indicated by Pillai’s Trace [F(6, 46) = 5.138, p = .000]. Participants had increase of scores in Tranquility Subscale from baseline (M=17.60, SD=9.76) to T2 (M=22.28, SD=10.01), p < .000. The change from baseline to T3 (M=22.04, SD=10.83) was significant, p < .000. There was drop of scores in Disorientation Subscale from baseline (M=29.72, SD=10.33) to T2 (M=25.09, SD=10.06), p < .05. The change from baseline to T3 (M=24.63, SD=11.80) was maintained, p < .000. The increase of scores in Resilience Subscale from baseline (M=15.00, SD=7.51) to T2 (M=16.94, SD=6.40) was insignificant, p > .05 but the change from baseline to T3 (M=17.77, SD=5.50) was significant, p < .01. CONCLUSION The results suggest clay-work can enhance positive spirituality that benefits holistic health for depressed patients. The mechanisms of the therapy is worthy of further investigation.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherSpringer New York LLC. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.springer.com/medicine/journal/12160-
dc.relation.ispartofAnnals of Behavioral Medicine-
dc.rightsThe final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/[insert DOI]-
dc.titleConstructing and reconstructing life for depressed individuals: fostering positive spirituality in Clay Art Making-
dc.title.alternativeConstructing & reconstructing life for depressed individuals: fostering positive spirituality in Clay Art Making-
dc.typeConference_Paper-
dc.identifier.emailNan, KMJ: joshuaat@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityNan, KMJ=rp02070-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s12160-015-9766-4-
dc.identifier.hkuros261309-
dc.identifier.volume50-
dc.identifier.issuesuppl. 1-
dc.identifier.spageS158, abstract no. B168-
dc.identifier.epageS158, abstract no. B168-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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