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Article: A physical impact of organic fouling layers on bacterial adhesion during nanofiltration

TitleA physical impact of organic fouling layers on bacterial adhesion during nanofiltration
Authors
KeywordsAtomic force microscopy
Issue Date2014
Citation
Water Research, 2014, v. 67, p. 118-128 How to Cite?
Abstract© 2014 Elsevier Ltd.Organic conditioning films have been shown to alter properties of surfaces, such as hydrophobicity and surface free energy. Furthermore, initial bacterial adhesion has been shown to depend on the conditioning film surface properties as opposed to the properties of the virgin surface. For the particular case of nanofiltration membranes under permeate flux conditions, however, the conditioning film thickens to form a thin fouling layer. This study hence sought to determine if a thin fouling layer deposited on a nanofiltration membrane under permeate flux conditions governed bacterial adhesion in the same manner as a conditioning film on a surface. Thin fouling layers (less than 50μm thick) of humic acid or alginic acid were formed on Dow Filmtec NF90 membranes and analysed using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), confocal microscopy and surface energy techniques. Fluorescent microscopy was then used to quantify adhesion of Pseudomonas fluorescens bacterial cells onto virgin or fouled membranes under filtration conditions.It was found that instead of adhering on or into the organic fouling layer, the bacterial cells penetrated the thin fouling layer and adhered directly to the membrane surface underneath. Contrary to what surface energy measurements of the fouling layer would indicate, bacteria adhered to a greater extent onto clean membranes (24±3% surface coverage) than onto those fouled with humic acid (9.8±4%) or alginic acid (7.5±4%). These results were confirmed by AFM measurements which indicated that a considerable amount of energy (10-7J/μm) was dissipated when attempting to penetrate the fouling layers compared to adhering onto clean NF90 membranes (10-15J/μm). The added resistance of this fouling layer was thusly seen to reduce the number of bacterial cells which could reach the membrane surface under permeate conditions.This research has highlighted an important difference between fouling layers for the particular case of nanofiltration membranes under permeate flux conditions and surface conditioning films which should be considered when conducting adhesion experiments under filtration conditions. It has also shown AFM to be an integral tool for such experiments.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/228202
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 5.991
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.772

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHeffernan, R.-
dc.contributor.authorHabimana, O.-
dc.contributor.authorSemião, A. J C-
dc.contributor.authorCao, H.-
dc.contributor.authorSafari, A.-
dc.contributor.authorCasey, E.-
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-01T06:45:26Z-
dc.date.available2016-08-01T06:45:26Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationWater Research, 2014, v. 67, p. 118-128-
dc.identifier.issn0043-1354-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/228202-
dc.description.abstract© 2014 Elsevier Ltd.Organic conditioning films have been shown to alter properties of surfaces, such as hydrophobicity and surface free energy. Furthermore, initial bacterial adhesion has been shown to depend on the conditioning film surface properties as opposed to the properties of the virgin surface. For the particular case of nanofiltration membranes under permeate flux conditions, however, the conditioning film thickens to form a thin fouling layer. This study hence sought to determine if a thin fouling layer deposited on a nanofiltration membrane under permeate flux conditions governed bacterial adhesion in the same manner as a conditioning film on a surface. Thin fouling layers (less than 50μm thick) of humic acid or alginic acid were formed on Dow Filmtec NF90 membranes and analysed using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), confocal microscopy and surface energy techniques. Fluorescent microscopy was then used to quantify adhesion of Pseudomonas fluorescens bacterial cells onto virgin or fouled membranes under filtration conditions.It was found that instead of adhering on or into the organic fouling layer, the bacterial cells penetrated the thin fouling layer and adhered directly to the membrane surface underneath. Contrary to what surface energy measurements of the fouling layer would indicate, bacteria adhered to a greater extent onto clean membranes (24±3% surface coverage) than onto those fouled with humic acid (9.8±4%) or alginic acid (7.5±4%). These results were confirmed by AFM measurements which indicated that a considerable amount of energy (10-7J/μm) was dissipated when attempting to penetrate the fouling layers compared to adhering onto clean NF90 membranes (10-15J/μm). The added resistance of this fouling layer was thusly seen to reduce the number of bacterial cells which could reach the membrane surface under permeate conditions.This research has highlighted an important difference between fouling layers for the particular case of nanofiltration membranes under permeate flux conditions and surface conditioning films which should be considered when conducting adhesion experiments under filtration conditions. It has also shown AFM to be an integral tool for such experiments.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofWater Research-
dc.subjectAtomic force microscopy-
dc.titleA physical impact of organic fouling layers on bacterial adhesion during nanofiltration-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.watres.2014.09.012-
dc.identifier.pmid25265304-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84907479416-
dc.identifier.volume67-
dc.identifier.spage118-
dc.identifier.epage128-
dc.identifier.eissn1879-2448-

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