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Article: Neonatal exposure to a novel environment enhances the effects of corticosterone on neuronal excitability and plasticity in adult hippocampus

TitleNeonatal exposure to a novel environment enhances the effects of corticosterone on neuronal excitability and plasticity in adult hippocampus
Authors
KeywordsCA1
Issue Date2001
Citation
Developmental Brain Research, 2001, v. 130, n. 1, p. 1-7 How to Cite?
AbstractElectrophysiological studies have shown that activation of glucocorticoids receptors (GRs) influences neuronal excitability and activity dependent synaptic plasticity. In developmental studies, early life stimulation such as neonatal handling results in an up-regulation of glucocorticoid-receptor (GR) binding in the hippocampus that persists into adulthood. It is, therefore, hypothesized that early environment-induced changes in receptor sensitivity to corticosterone (CORT) might have functional effects on adult neuronal excitability and synaptic plasticity. To test this hypothesis, we exposed rats daily from post-natal days 1-21 to a non-home environment for 3 min. When the animals became adults, we studied the effects of glucocorticoid hormone corticosterone (CORT) on population spike (PS) amplitude and long-term potentiation of population spikes (PS-LTP) in vitro in the hippocampal CA1 region following activation of the Schaffer collateral fibers. Bath application of CORT reduced PS amplitude and subsequent induction of PS-LTP. This inhibitory effect of CORT was significantly greater in the slices from the novelty exposed rats (Novel) than the control rats that remained in their home cage (Home). Inhibition of population spike amplitude during CORT perfusion was 28.0 ± 5.3% of baseline in Novel slices, and 9.1 ± 4.4% in Home slices. CORT pre-exposure (20 min) also inhibited the subsequent induction of PS-LTP in Novel slices by 57.7 ± 17.7% and by 7.5 ± 12.1% in Home slices. These results provide electrophysiological evidence that neonatal novelty exposure results in functional increases in receptor sensitivity to CORT that enhances the inhibitory effects of CORT on field CA1 neuronal excitability and plasticity. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/228013
ISSN
2007 Impact Factor: 1.783
2008 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.249

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZou, Bende-
dc.contributor.authorGolarai, Golijeh-
dc.contributor.authorConnor, John A.-
dc.contributor.authorTang, Akaysha C.-
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-01T06:44:58Z-
dc.date.available2016-08-01T06:44:58Z-
dc.date.issued2001-
dc.identifier.citationDevelopmental Brain Research, 2001, v. 130, n. 1, p. 1-7-
dc.identifier.issn0165-3806-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/228013-
dc.description.abstractElectrophysiological studies have shown that activation of glucocorticoids receptors (GRs) influences neuronal excitability and activity dependent synaptic plasticity. In developmental studies, early life stimulation such as neonatal handling results in an up-regulation of glucocorticoid-receptor (GR) binding in the hippocampus that persists into adulthood. It is, therefore, hypothesized that early environment-induced changes in receptor sensitivity to corticosterone (CORT) might have functional effects on adult neuronal excitability and synaptic plasticity. To test this hypothesis, we exposed rats daily from post-natal days 1-21 to a non-home environment for 3 min. When the animals became adults, we studied the effects of glucocorticoid hormone corticosterone (CORT) on population spike (PS) amplitude and long-term potentiation of population spikes (PS-LTP) in vitro in the hippocampal CA1 region following activation of the Schaffer collateral fibers. Bath application of CORT reduced PS amplitude and subsequent induction of PS-LTP. This inhibitory effect of CORT was significantly greater in the slices from the novelty exposed rats (Novel) than the control rats that remained in their home cage (Home). Inhibition of population spike amplitude during CORT perfusion was 28.0 ± 5.3% of baseline in Novel slices, and 9.1 ± 4.4% in Home slices. CORT pre-exposure (20 min) also inhibited the subsequent induction of PS-LTP in Novel slices by 57.7 ± 17.7% and by 7.5 ± 12.1% in Home slices. These results provide electrophysiological evidence that neonatal novelty exposure results in functional increases in receptor sensitivity to CORT that enhances the inhibitory effects of CORT on field CA1 neuronal excitability and plasticity. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofDevelopmental Brain Research-
dc.subjectCA1-
dc.titleNeonatal exposure to a novel environment enhances the effects of corticosterone on neuronal excitability and plasticity in adult hippocampus-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S0165-3806(01)00173-0-
dc.identifier.pmid11557088-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0035940288-
dc.identifier.volume130-
dc.identifier.issue1-
dc.identifier.spage1-
dc.identifier.epage7-

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