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Article: Live Bird Exposure among the General Public, Guangzhou, China, May 2013

TitleLive Bird Exposure among the General Public, Guangzhou, China, May 2013
Authors
Issue Date2015
PublisherPublic Library of Science. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.plosone.org/home.action
Citation
Plos One, 2015, v. 10 n. 12, p. e0143582 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground A novel avian-origin influenza A(H7N9) caused a major outbreak in Mainland China in early 2013. Exposure to live poultry was believed to be the major route of infection. There are limited data on how the general public changes their practices regarding live poultry exposure in response to the early outbreak of this novel influenza and the frequency of population exposure to live poultry in different areas of China. Methodology This study investigated population exposures to live birds from various sources during the outbreak of H7N9 in Guangzhou city, China in 2013 and compared them with those observed during the 2006 influenza A(H5N1) outbreak. Adults were telephone-interviewed using two-stage sampling, stratified by three residential areas of Guangzhou: urban areas and two semi-rural areas in one of which (Zengcheng) A(H7N9) virus was detected in a chicken from wet markets. Logistic regression models were built to describe practices protecting against avian influenza, weighted by age and gender, and then compare these practices across residential areas in 2013 with those from a comparable 2006 survey. Principal Findings Of 1196 respondents, 45% visited wet markets at least daily and 22.0% reported buying live birds from wet markets at least weekly in April-May, 2013, after the H7N9 epidemic was officially declared in late March 2013. Of those buying live birds, 32.3% reported touching birds when buying and 13.7% would slaughter the poultry at home. Although only 10.1% of the respondents reported raising backyard birds, 92.1% of those who did so had physical contact with the birds they raised. Zengcheng respondents were less likely to report buying live birds from wet markets, but more likely to buy from other sources when compared to urban respondents. Compared with the 2006 survey, the prevalence of buying live birds from wet markets, touching when buying and slaughtering birds at home had substantially declined in the 2013 survey. Conclusion/Significance Although population exposures to live poultry were substantially fewer in 2013 compared to 2006, wet markets and backyard poultry remained the two major sources of live bird exposures for the public in Guangzhou in 2013. Zengcheng residents seemed to have reduced buying live birds from wet markets but not from other sources in response to the detection of H7N9 virus in wet markets.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/227836
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.057
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.395
ISI Accession Number ID
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DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLiao, Q-
dc.contributor.authorYuan, J-
dc.contributor.authorLau, EHY-
dc.contributor.authorChen, GY-
dc.contributor.authorYang, ZC-
dc.contributor.authorMa, XW-
dc.contributor.authorChen, JD-
dc.contributor.authorLiu, YH-
dc.contributor.authorWang, C-
dc.contributor.authorTang, XP-
dc.contributor.authorLiu, YF-
dc.contributor.authorZhuo, L-
dc.contributor.authorLeung, GM-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, W-
dc.contributor.authorCowling, BJ-
dc.contributor.authorWang, M-
dc.contributor.authorFielding, R-
dc.date.accessioned2016-07-20T01:06:49Z-
dc.date.available2016-07-20T01:06:49Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationPlos One, 2015, v. 10 n. 12, p. e0143582-
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/227836-
dc.description.abstractBackground A novel avian-origin influenza A(H7N9) caused a major outbreak in Mainland China in early 2013. Exposure to live poultry was believed to be the major route of infection. There are limited data on how the general public changes their practices regarding live poultry exposure in response to the early outbreak of this novel influenza and the frequency of population exposure to live poultry in different areas of China. Methodology This study investigated population exposures to live birds from various sources during the outbreak of H7N9 in Guangzhou city, China in 2013 and compared them with those observed during the 2006 influenza A(H5N1) outbreak. Adults were telephone-interviewed using two-stage sampling, stratified by three residential areas of Guangzhou: urban areas and two semi-rural areas in one of which (Zengcheng) A(H7N9) virus was detected in a chicken from wet markets. Logistic regression models were built to describe practices protecting against avian influenza, weighted by age and gender, and then compare these practices across residential areas in 2013 with those from a comparable 2006 survey. Principal Findings Of 1196 respondents, 45% visited wet markets at least daily and 22.0% reported buying live birds from wet markets at least weekly in April-May, 2013, after the H7N9 epidemic was officially declared in late March 2013. Of those buying live birds, 32.3% reported touching birds when buying and 13.7% would slaughter the poultry at home. Although only 10.1% of the respondents reported raising backyard birds, 92.1% of those who did so had physical contact with the birds they raised. Zengcheng respondents were less likely to report buying live birds from wet markets, but more likely to buy from other sources when compared to urban respondents. Compared with the 2006 survey, the prevalence of buying live birds from wet markets, touching when buying and slaughtering birds at home had substantially declined in the 2013 survey. Conclusion/Significance Although population exposures to live poultry were substantially fewer in 2013 compared to 2006, wet markets and backyard poultry remained the two major sources of live bird exposures for the public in Guangzhou in 2013. Zengcheng residents seemed to have reduced buying live birds from wet markets but not from other sources in response to the detection of H7N9 virus in wet markets.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.plosone.org/home.action-
dc.relation.ispartofPlos One-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleLive Bird Exposure among the General Public, Guangzhou, China, May 2013-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailLiao, Q: qyliao11@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLau, EHY: ehylau@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLeung, GM: gmleung@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailCowling, BJ: bcowling@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailFielding, R: fielding@hkusua.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityLiao, Q=rp02100-
dc.identifier.authorityLau, EHY=rp01349-
dc.identifier.authorityLeung, GM=rp00460-
dc.identifier.authorityCowling, BJ=rp01326-
dc.identifier.authorityFielding, R=rp00339-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0143582-
dc.identifier.pmid26623646-
dc.identifier.hkuros261114-
dc.identifier.volume10-
dc.identifier.issue12-
dc.identifier.spagee0143582-
dc.identifier.epagee0143582-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000365891600036-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-
dc.relation.projectControl of Pandemic and Inter-pandemic Influenza-

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