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Conference Paper: Toe tap test (TTT) for assessing people with chronic stroke

TitleToe tap test (TTT) for assessing people with chronic stroke
Authors
Issue Date2016
PublisherS Karger AG. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.karger.com/CED
Citation
The 2016 Annual Conference of the Asia Pacific Stroke Organization (APSO) combined with Stroke Society of Australasia (APSC 2016), Brisbane, QLD., Australia, 14-17 July 2016. In Cerebrovascular Diseases, 2016, v. 42 suppl. 1, p. 108-109, abstract P173 How to Cite?
AbstractBACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: Impaired ankle control is common in stroke survivors (Ng & Hui-Chan 2012, 2013). Ankle control, including ankle dorsiflexion and plantarflexion, is important in regaining normal gait pattern after stroke. Indeed, ankle dorsiflexor strength was independently associated with the walking endurance (Ng & Hui-Chan 2013) and functional mobility (Ng & Hui-Chan2013) of stroke survivors. In order to reflect changes in ankle control during the rehabilitation process, a reliable, valid and comprehensive measurement tools for assessing ankle control are definitely needed. Toe tap test (TTT) was initially introduced as a simple toetapping test to determine speed of ankle control in healthy adults (Kent-Braun & Ng 1999). Each subject was required to sit with knee and hip at 90 degrees of flexion, and maintain their heel on floor. Then, subjects were instructed to tap the floor as rapid as possible for 10 seconds. The objectives of this study were to investigate: (1) the interrater and test-retest reliability, (2) the correlation of TTT counts with other measures of stroke-specific impairments (3) minimal detectable change (MDC) of TTT counts. METHODS: It was a cross-sectional study with 37 subjects with chronic stroke. The main outcome measured included: TTT counts, Fugl-Meyer Lower Extremity assessment (FMA-LE); ankle muscle strength; Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test (FTSTS) times; Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Timed ‘Up and Go’ test (TUG) scores. RESULTS: Excellent intra-rater and test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.725–0.995)) of TTT counts were found. The TTT counts of paretic legs were significantly associated with FMA-LE, ankle dorsiflexor and plantarflexor strength, BBS score, FTSTS completion time and TUG score. The 95% MDC of TTT counts was 8.7 counts and 12.6 counts of the paretic and non-paretic legs, respectively. CONCLUSION: The TTT counts is a reliable and valid measurement tool for assessing the ankle control of subjects with chronic stroke.
DescriptionPoster Presentation: P173
This Free Access journal suppl. entitled: Asia Pacific Stroke Conference 2016. Abstracts of the Annual Conference of the Asia Pacific Stroke Organization (APSO) Combined with Stroke Society of Australasia, Brisbane, Qld., Australia, July 14-17, 2016: Abstracts
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/227087
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.359
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.744

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorNg, SSM-
dc.contributor.authorFong, SSM-
dc.contributor.authorTse, MMY-
dc.contributor.authorTam, EWC-
dc.date.accessioned2016-07-18T09:08:20Z-
dc.date.available2016-07-18T09:08:20Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationThe 2016 Annual Conference of the Asia Pacific Stroke Organization (APSO) combined with Stroke Society of Australasia (APSC 2016), Brisbane, QLD., Australia, 14-17 July 2016. In Cerebrovascular Diseases, 2016, v. 42 suppl. 1, p. 108-109, abstract P173-
dc.identifier.issn1015-9770-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/227087-
dc.descriptionPoster Presentation: P173-
dc.descriptionThis Free Access journal suppl. entitled: Asia Pacific Stroke Conference 2016. Abstracts of the Annual Conference of the Asia Pacific Stroke Organization (APSO) Combined with Stroke Society of Australasia, Brisbane, Qld., Australia, July 14-17, 2016: Abstracts-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: Impaired ankle control is common in stroke survivors (Ng & Hui-Chan 2012, 2013). Ankle control, including ankle dorsiflexion and plantarflexion, is important in regaining normal gait pattern after stroke. Indeed, ankle dorsiflexor strength was independently associated with the walking endurance (Ng & Hui-Chan 2013) and functional mobility (Ng & Hui-Chan2013) of stroke survivors. In order to reflect changes in ankle control during the rehabilitation process, a reliable, valid and comprehensive measurement tools for assessing ankle control are definitely needed. Toe tap test (TTT) was initially introduced as a simple toetapping test to determine speed of ankle control in healthy adults (Kent-Braun & Ng 1999). Each subject was required to sit with knee and hip at 90 degrees of flexion, and maintain their heel on floor. Then, subjects were instructed to tap the floor as rapid as possible for 10 seconds. The objectives of this study were to investigate: (1) the interrater and test-retest reliability, (2) the correlation of TTT counts with other measures of stroke-specific impairments (3) minimal detectable change (MDC) of TTT counts. METHODS: It was a cross-sectional study with 37 subjects with chronic stroke. The main outcome measured included: TTT counts, Fugl-Meyer Lower Extremity assessment (FMA-LE); ankle muscle strength; Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test (FTSTS) times; Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Timed ‘Up and Go’ test (TUG) scores. RESULTS: Excellent intra-rater and test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.725–0.995)) of TTT counts were found. The TTT counts of paretic legs were significantly associated with FMA-LE, ankle dorsiflexor and plantarflexor strength, BBS score, FTSTS completion time and TUG score. The 95% MDC of TTT counts was 8.7 counts and 12.6 counts of the paretic and non-paretic legs, respectively. CONCLUSION: The TTT counts is a reliable and valid measurement tool for assessing the ankle control of subjects with chronic stroke.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherS Karger AG. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.karger.com/CED-
dc.relation.ispartofCerebrovascular Diseases-
dc.rightsCerebrovascular Diseases. Copyright © S Karger AG.-
dc.titleToe tap test (TTT) for assessing people with chronic stroke-
dc.typeConference_Paper-
dc.identifier.emailFong, SSM: smfong@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityFong, SSM=rp01759-
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1159/000447732-
dc.identifier.hkuros259098-
dc.identifier.volume42-
dc.identifier.issuesuppl. 1-
dc.identifier.spage108, abstract P173-
dc.identifier.epage109-
dc.publisher.placeSwitzerland-

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