File Download
  Links for fulltext
     (May Require Subscription)
Supplementary

Article: Macronutrient Balance and Dietary Glycemic Index in Pregnancy Predict Neonatal Body Composition

TitleMacronutrient Balance and Dietary Glycemic Index in Pregnancy Predict Neonatal Body Composition
Authors
KeywordsPea Pod
Body composition
Dietary intake
Gestational diabetes mellitus
Macronutrient
Maternal
Neonates
Nutrition
Pregnancy
Issue Date2016
PublisherMDPI AG. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.mdpi.com/journal/nutrients/
Citation
Nutrients, 2016, v. 8 n. 5, p. E270 How to Cite?
AbstractThe influence of maternal macronutrient balance and dietary glycemic index (GI) on neonatal body composition has received little study. We hypothesized that the overall quantity and quality of macronutrients, particularly carbohydrate, in the maternal diet could have trimester-specific effects on neonatal growth and body composition in women at risk of gestational diabetes. Maternal diet was assessed using 3-day food records in mid (n = 96) and late (n = 88) pregnancy as part of the GI Baby 3 study. Neonatal body composition was assessed by air-displacement plethysmography within 48 h of birth, adjusted for length, and expressed as fat mass index (FMI) and fat-free mass index (FFMI). In mid pregnancy, higher maternal intake of carbohydrate energy was negatively correlated with infant FFMI (p = 0.037). In late pregnancy, higher dietary GI was associated with lower FFMI (p = 0.010) and higher carbohydrate energy predicted lower FMI (p = 0.034). Higher fat intake (%E) and saturated fat, but not protein, also predicted neonatal body composition (higher FFMI in mid pregnancy and higher FMI in late pregnancy). Depending on pregnancy stage, a high carbohydrate-low fat diet, particularly from high glycemic sources, may reduce neonatal indices of both lean mass and adiposity.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/225479
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.759
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.275

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorKizirian, NV-
dc.contributor.authorMarkovic, TP-
dc.contributor.authorMuirhead, R-
dc.contributor.authorBrodie, S-
dc.contributor.authorGarnett, SP-
dc.contributor.authorLouie, CYJ-
dc.contributor.authorPetocz, P-
dc.contributor.authorRoss, GP-
dc.contributor.authorBrand-Miller, JC-
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-18T01:31:02Z-
dc.date.available2016-05-18T01:31:02Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationNutrients, 2016, v. 8 n. 5, p. E270-
dc.identifier.issn2072-6643-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/225479-
dc.description.abstractThe influence of maternal macronutrient balance and dietary glycemic index (GI) on neonatal body composition has received little study. We hypothesized that the overall quantity and quality of macronutrients, particularly carbohydrate, in the maternal diet could have trimester-specific effects on neonatal growth and body composition in women at risk of gestational diabetes. Maternal diet was assessed using 3-day food records in mid (n = 96) and late (n = 88) pregnancy as part of the GI Baby 3 study. Neonatal body composition was assessed by air-displacement plethysmography within 48 h of birth, adjusted for length, and expressed as fat mass index (FMI) and fat-free mass index (FFMI). In mid pregnancy, higher maternal intake of carbohydrate energy was negatively correlated with infant FFMI (p = 0.037). In late pregnancy, higher dietary GI was associated with lower FFMI (p = 0.010) and higher carbohydrate energy predicted lower FMI (p = 0.034). Higher fat intake (%E) and saturated fat, but not protein, also predicted neonatal body composition (higher FFMI in mid pregnancy and higher FMI in late pregnancy). Depending on pregnancy stage, a high carbohydrate-low fat diet, particularly from high glycemic sources, may reduce neonatal indices of both lean mass and adiposity.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherMDPI AG. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.mdpi.com/journal/nutrients/-
dc.relation.ispartofNutrients-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subjectPea Pod-
dc.subjectBody composition-
dc.subjectDietary intake-
dc.subjectGestational diabetes mellitus-
dc.subjectMacronutrient-
dc.subjectMaternal-
dc.subjectNeonates-
dc.subjectNutrition-
dc.subjectPregnancy-
dc.titleMacronutrient Balance and Dietary Glycemic Index in Pregnancy Predict Neonatal Body Composition-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailLouie, CYJ: h0115648@graduate.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityLouie, CYJ=rp02118-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/nu8050270-
dc.identifier.pmid27164136-
dc.identifier.hkuros258408-
dc.identifier.volume8-
dc.identifier.issue5-
dc.identifier.spageE270-
dc.identifier.epageE270-
dc.publisher.placeSwitzerland-

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats