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Article: An Overview of Protocols for the Neural Induction of Dental and Oral Stem Cells In Vitro.

TitleAn Overview of Protocols for the Neural Induction of Dental and Oral Stem Cells In Vitro.
Authors
Issue Date2016
PublisherMary Ann liebert.
Citation
Tissue Engineering Part B, 2016 How to Cite?
AbstractTo date, various adult stem cells have been identified within the oral cavity, including dental pulp stem cells, dental follicle stem cells, stem cells from apical papilla, stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth, periodontal ligament stem cells, and mesenchymal stem cells from the gingiva. All of these possess neurogenic potential due to their common developmental origin from the embryonic neural crest. Besides the relative ease of isolation of these adult stem cells from readily available biological waste routinely produced during dental treatment, these cells also possess the advantage of immune compatibility in autologous transplantation. In recent years, much interest has been focused on the derivation of neural lineages from these adult stem cells for therapeutic applications in the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerve regeneration. In addition, there are also promising nontherapeutic applications of stem cell-derived neurons in pharmacological and toxicological screening of neuroactive drugs, and for in vitro modeling of neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative diseases. Hence, this review will critically examine the diverse array of in vitro neural induction protocols that have been devised for dental and oral-derived stem cells. These protocols are defined not only by the culture milieu comprising the basal medium plus growth factors, small molecules, and other culture supplements but also by the substrata/surface coatings utilized, the presence of multiple culture stages, the total culture duration, the initial seeding density, and whether the spheroid/neurosphere formation is being utilized to recapitulate the three-dimensional neural differentiation microenvironment that is naturally present physiologically in vivo.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/224853

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHeng, BCA-
dc.contributor.authorLim, LW-
dc.contributor.authorWu, W-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, C-
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-18T03:33:28Z-
dc.date.available2016-04-18T03:33:28Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationTissue Engineering Part B, 2016-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/224853-
dc.description.abstractTo date, various adult stem cells have been identified within the oral cavity, including dental pulp stem cells, dental follicle stem cells, stem cells from apical papilla, stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth, periodontal ligament stem cells, and mesenchymal stem cells from the gingiva. All of these possess neurogenic potential due to their common developmental origin from the embryonic neural crest. Besides the relative ease of isolation of these adult stem cells from readily available biological waste routinely produced during dental treatment, these cells also possess the advantage of immune compatibility in autologous transplantation. In recent years, much interest has been focused on the derivation of neural lineages from these adult stem cells for therapeutic applications in the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerve regeneration. In addition, there are also promising nontherapeutic applications of stem cell-derived neurons in pharmacological and toxicological screening of neuroactive drugs, and for in vitro modeling of neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative diseases. Hence, this review will critically examine the diverse array of in vitro neural induction protocols that have been devised for dental and oral-derived stem cells. These protocols are defined not only by the culture milieu comprising the basal medium plus growth factors, small molecules, and other culture supplements but also by the substrata/surface coatings utilized, the presence of multiple culture stages, the total culture duration, the initial seeding density, and whether the spheroid/neurosphere formation is being utilized to recapitulate the three-dimensional neural differentiation microenvironment that is naturally present physiologically in vivo.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherMary Ann liebert.-
dc.relation.ispartofTissue Engineering Part B-
dc.rightsTissue Engineering Part B. Copyright © Mary Ann liebert.-
dc.rightsFinal publication is available from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ten.teb.2015.0488-
dc.titleAn Overview of Protocols for the Neural Induction of Dental and Oral Stem Cells In Vitro.-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailHeng, BCA: alexish@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLim, LW: limlw@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailWu, W: wtwu@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailZhang, C: zhangcf@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityLim, LW=rp02088-
dc.identifier.authorityWu, W=rp00419-
dc.identifier.authorityZhang, C=rp01408-
dc.identifier.doi10.1089/ten.teb.2015.0488-
dc.identifier.hkuros257525-

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