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Article: Foods, nutrients or whole diets: Effects of targeting fish and LCn3PUFA consumption in a 12mo weight loss trial

TitleFoods, nutrients or whole diets: Effects of targeting fish and LCn3PUFA consumption in a 12mo weight loss trial
Authors
KeywordsLCn-3PUFA
Fish
Weight loss
Randomised controlled trial
Issue Date2013
Citation
BMC Public Health, 2013, v. 13, n. 1 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: There is some evidence in the literature that emphasising fish consumption may assist with weight loss. The aim was to assess the effects of advice to consume 2 fish meals per week in a weight loss diet. Methods. A parallel randomised placebo-controlled trial was conducted in 118 obese Australian adults (mean BMI ± SD 31.3 ± 3.5 kg/ m§ssup§2§esup§; mean age ± SD 45 ± 10 y; 28% male). Participants received low calorie dietary advice + placebo (1 g olive oil; Control), low calorie dietary advice emphasising fish + placebo (Fish), or low calorie dietary advice emphasising fish diet + LCn3PUFA supplements (Fish + S). Individualised advice targeted 2 MJ energy deficit (30%E fat, 45%E carbohydrate and 25%E protein) with or without two servings (180 g) fatty fish/wk. Results: All groups lost weight at 12 months (Control -4.5 kg vs. Fish -4.3 kg vs. Fish + S -3.3 kg; p < 0.001) and percentage body fat (Control: -1.5% vs. Fish: -1.4% vs. Fish + S: -0.7%; p < 0.001) but there were no significant differences between groups. Cardiovascular disease risk factors changed as expected from weight loss. Conclusions: Advice to consume 2 fish meals per week did not enhance the effects on weight loss of a healthy low calorie diet. Trial registration. ACTRN12608000425392. © 2013 Tapsell et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/222665

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorTapsell, Linda C.-
dc.contributor.authorBatterham, Marijka J.-
dc.contributor.authorCharlton, Karen E.-
dc.contributor.authorNeale, Elizabeth P.-
dc.contributor.authorProbst, Yasmine C.-
dc.contributor.authorO'Shea, Jane E.-
dc.contributor.authorThorne, Rebecca L.-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Qingsheng-
dc.contributor.authorLouie, Jimmy Chun Yu-
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-19T03:36:53Z-
dc.date.available2016-01-19T03:36:53Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationBMC Public Health, 2013, v. 13, n. 1-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/222665-
dc.description.abstractBackground: There is some evidence in the literature that emphasising fish consumption may assist with weight loss. The aim was to assess the effects of advice to consume 2 fish meals per week in a weight loss diet. Methods. A parallel randomised placebo-controlled trial was conducted in 118 obese Australian adults (mean BMI ± SD 31.3 ± 3.5 kg/ m§ssup§2§esup§; mean age ± SD 45 ± 10 y; 28% male). Participants received low calorie dietary advice + placebo (1 g olive oil; Control), low calorie dietary advice emphasising fish + placebo (Fish), or low calorie dietary advice emphasising fish diet + LCn3PUFA supplements (Fish + S). Individualised advice targeted 2 MJ energy deficit (30%E fat, 45%E carbohydrate and 25%E protein) with or without two servings (180 g) fatty fish/wk. Results: All groups lost weight at 12 months (Control -4.5 kg vs. Fish -4.3 kg vs. Fish + S -3.3 kg; p < 0.001) and percentage body fat (Control: -1.5% vs. Fish: -1.4% vs. Fish + S: -0.7%; p < 0.001) but there were no significant differences between groups. Cardiovascular disease risk factors changed as expected from weight loss. Conclusions: Advice to consume 2 fish meals per week did not enhance the effects on weight loss of a healthy low calorie diet. Trial registration. ACTRN12608000425392. © 2013 Tapsell et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofBMC Public Health-
dc.subjectLCn-3PUFA-
dc.subjectFish-
dc.subjectWeight loss-
dc.subjectRandomised controlled trial-
dc.titleFoods, nutrients or whole diets: Effects of targeting fish and LCn3PUFA consumption in a 12mo weight loss trial-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1471-2458-13-1231-
dc.identifier.pmid24369765-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84890916355-
dc.identifier.volume13-
dc.identifier.issue1-
dc.identifier.eissn1471-2458-

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