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Article: Higher regular fat dairy consumption is associated with lower incidence of metabolic syndrome but not type 2 diabetes

TitleHigher regular fat dairy consumption is associated with lower incidence of metabolic syndrome but not type 2 diabetes
Authors
KeywordsOlder Australian
Metabolic syndrome
Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Dairy
Issue Date2013
Citation
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 2013, v. 23, n. 9, p. 816-821 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground and aims: Limited evidence suggests habitual dairy consumption to be protective against metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) and type 2 diabetes among older adults. We assessed the association of baseline consumption of dairy products with the incidence of MetSyn and type 2 diabetes among a cohort of Australian adults aged 49 years and over. Methods and results: A validated 145-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire was used to assess food and nutrient intake at baseline. Ten-year incidence of MetSyn and type 2 diabetes were obtained from 1807 and 1824 subjects respectively. Odds ratios (OR) were calculated by discrete time logistic regression modelling. Compared with subjects in the lowest intake quartile of regular fat dairy products, those in the highest quartile had a 59% lower risk of MetSyn (multivariate adjusted OR: 0.41; 95% CI: 0.23-0.71; ptrend=0.004), after adjustment for risk factors. Among obese subjects, an association between a high intake of regular fat dairy foods and reduced risk of type 2 diabetes was also found (age and sex adjusted OR 0.37; 95% CI: 0.16-0.88; ptrend=0.030), but the association did not persist after adjustment for additional confounders. There was no association between total dairy consumption and risk of MetSyn or type 2 diabetes. Conclusions: We found an inverse association between regular fat dairy consumption andrisk of MetSyn among Australian older adults. Further studies are warranted to examine the association between weight status, dairy consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/222663
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.39
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.558

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLouie, J. C Y-
dc.contributor.authorFlood, V. M.-
dc.contributor.authorRangan, A. M.-
dc.contributor.authorBurlutsky, G.-
dc.contributor.authorGill, T. P.-
dc.contributor.authorGopinath, B.-
dc.contributor.authorMitchell, P.-
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-19T03:36:52Z-
dc.date.available2016-01-19T03:36:52Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationNutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 2013, v. 23, n. 9, p. 816-821-
dc.identifier.issn0939-4753-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/222663-
dc.description.abstractBackground and aims: Limited evidence suggests habitual dairy consumption to be protective against metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) and type 2 diabetes among older adults. We assessed the association of baseline consumption of dairy products with the incidence of MetSyn and type 2 diabetes among a cohort of Australian adults aged 49 years and over. Methods and results: A validated 145-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire was used to assess food and nutrient intake at baseline. Ten-year incidence of MetSyn and type 2 diabetes were obtained from 1807 and 1824 subjects respectively. Odds ratios (OR) were calculated by discrete time logistic regression modelling. Compared with subjects in the lowest intake quartile of regular fat dairy products, those in the highest quartile had a 59% lower risk of MetSyn (multivariate adjusted OR: 0.41; 95% CI: 0.23-0.71; ptrend=0.004), after adjustment for risk factors. Among obese subjects, an association between a high intake of regular fat dairy foods and reduced risk of type 2 diabetes was also found (age and sex adjusted OR 0.37; 95% CI: 0.16-0.88; ptrend=0.030), but the association did not persist after adjustment for additional confounders. There was no association between total dairy consumption and risk of MetSyn or type 2 diabetes. Conclusions: We found an inverse association between regular fat dairy consumption andrisk of MetSyn among Australian older adults. Further studies are warranted to examine the association between weight status, dairy consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofNutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases-
dc.subjectOlder Australian-
dc.subjectMetabolic syndrome-
dc.subjectType 2 diabetes mellitus-
dc.subjectDairy-
dc.titleHigher regular fat dairy consumption is associated with lower incidence of metabolic syndrome but not type 2 diabetes-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.numecd.2012.08.004-
dc.identifier.pmid23021710-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84884143795-
dc.identifier.volume23-
dc.identifier.issue9-
dc.identifier.spage816-
dc.identifier.epage821-

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