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postgraduate thesis: Effectiveness of neonatal hearing screening in identifying hearing impairment : a systematic review

TitleEffectiveness of neonatal hearing screening in identifying hearing impairment : a systematic review
Authors
Issue Date2015
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Au Yeung, W. [歐陽詠妍]. (2015). Effectiveness of neonatal hearing screening in identifying hearing impairment : a systematic review. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5659932
AbstractBackground and Aim Otoacoustic emissions (OAE) and auditory brainstem response (ABR) are the most common used methods to identify the childhood hearing impairment under the universal neonatal hearing screening programme. According to the American Academy of Paediatrics, both OAE and ABR are the recognized screening to identify the hearing impairment. Nowadays, ABR rather than OAE serves as the gold standard in identify the neonatal hearing impairment. This study was preformed to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of the OAE by using the gold standard of AABR tests. Methods A systematic review was performed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the OAE compare with the ABR test. Research was conducted in the international database. The review was from Jan 1990 to May 2015. The quality of included studies was evaluated with the strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE) checklist. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated. Results A total of 374 studies were found; 54 studies were investigated in full and 5 studies possessed the inclusion criteria. Result showed that the sensitivity value (0.45-0.88), specificity (0.38- 0.83), the positive predictive value (0.13-0.27), negative predictive value (0.71-0.98). The range of the sensitivity and specificity value is wide. However, OAE test showed a high significant sensitivity among the studies which performed the OAE test after 24 hours after birth. Evaluated the risk factors related to these results also discussed.
DegreeMaster of Public Health
SubjectOtoacoustic emissions
Auditory evoked response
Hearing disorders in infants - Diagnosis
Dept/ProgramPublic Health
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221723

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorAu Yeung, Wing-yin-
dc.contributor.author歐陽詠妍-
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-08T23:27:47Z-
dc.date.available2015-12-08T23:27:47Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationAu Yeung, W. [歐陽詠妍]. (2015). Effectiveness of neonatal hearing screening in identifying hearing impairment : a systematic review. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5659932-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221723-
dc.description.abstractBackground and Aim Otoacoustic emissions (OAE) and auditory brainstem response (ABR) are the most common used methods to identify the childhood hearing impairment under the universal neonatal hearing screening programme. According to the American Academy of Paediatrics, both OAE and ABR are the recognized screening to identify the hearing impairment. Nowadays, ABR rather than OAE serves as the gold standard in identify the neonatal hearing impairment. This study was preformed to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of the OAE by using the gold standard of AABR tests. Methods A systematic review was performed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the OAE compare with the ABR test. Research was conducted in the international database. The review was from Jan 1990 to May 2015. The quality of included studies was evaluated with the strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE) checklist. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated. Results A total of 374 studies were found; 54 studies were investigated in full and 5 studies possessed the inclusion criteria. Result showed that the sensitivity value (0.45-0.88), specificity (0.38- 0.83), the positive predictive value (0.13-0.27), negative predictive value (0.71-0.98). The range of the sensitivity and specificity value is wide. However, OAE test showed a high significant sensitivity among the studies which performed the OAE test after 24 hours after birth. Evaluated the risk factors related to these results also discussed.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshOtoacoustic emissions-
dc.subject.lcshAuditory evoked response-
dc.subject.lcshHearing disorders in infants - Diagnosis-
dc.titleEffectiveness of neonatal hearing screening in identifying hearing impairment : a systematic review-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5659932-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Public Health-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePublic Health-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-

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