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postgraduate thesis: Milk intake and risk of fracture and mortality : a literature review

TitleMilk intake and risk of fracture and mortality : a literature review
Authors
Issue Date2015
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Zhang, X. [张珣]. (2015). Milk intake and risk of fracture and mortality : a literature review. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5662993
AbstractMilk contains calcium, vitamin D, phosphorus and protein. All these ingredients may potentially improve human health, and milk thus has been promoted to be an irreplaceable pillar of modern nutrition with the symbolic significance of wealth. However, the effects of milk on human health are not well established. The objective of this review was to summarize the association between milk intake and risk of fracture and mortality by examining evidence from recent prospective cohort studies. Data sources for this study were original English studies published between Jan.1st 2000 and Jan.1st 2015 searched from PubMed, EMBASE, and Ovid. The keywords used for the search include “milk intake”, “milk consumption”, “fracture”, “mortality” and their miscellaneous combinations. A total of 6 studies, of which 1 study focused on both fracture and mortality, were included in this review. Four out of 6 studies in women and 3 of 4 studies in men showed no associations of milk intake with risk of fracture. Meanwhile, one study found an association of high intake of milk with higher all-cause mortality for both women and men. However, cautious interpretation is recommended given the included studies were observational in nature. This review may be able to inform the public’s perceptions and government recommendations about the health effects of milk products and question the validity of marketing strategies of the food industry.
DegreeMaster of Public Health
SubjectMortality
Fractures - Risk factors
Milk consumption
Dept/ProgramPublic Health
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221721

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Xun-
dc.contributor.author张珣-
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-08T23:27:43Z-
dc.date.available2015-12-08T23:27:43Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationZhang, X. [张珣]. (2015). Milk intake and risk of fracture and mortality : a literature review. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5662993-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221721-
dc.description.abstractMilk contains calcium, vitamin D, phosphorus and protein. All these ingredients may potentially improve human health, and milk thus has been promoted to be an irreplaceable pillar of modern nutrition with the symbolic significance of wealth. However, the effects of milk on human health are not well established. The objective of this review was to summarize the association between milk intake and risk of fracture and mortality by examining evidence from recent prospective cohort studies. Data sources for this study were original English studies published between Jan.1st 2000 and Jan.1st 2015 searched from PubMed, EMBASE, and Ovid. The keywords used for the search include “milk intake”, “milk consumption”, “fracture”, “mortality” and their miscellaneous combinations. A total of 6 studies, of which 1 study focused on both fracture and mortality, were included in this review. Four out of 6 studies in women and 3 of 4 studies in men showed no associations of milk intake with risk of fracture. Meanwhile, one study found an association of high intake of milk with higher all-cause mortality for both women and men. However, cautious interpretation is recommended given the included studies were observational in nature. This review may be able to inform the public’s perceptions and government recommendations about the health effects of milk products and question the validity of marketing strategies of the food industry.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshMortality-
dc.subject.lcshFractures - Risk factors-
dc.subject.lcshMilk consumption-
dc.titleMilk intake and risk of fracture and mortality : a literature review-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5662993-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Public Health-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePublic Health-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-

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