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Article: An EM algorithm based on an internal list for estimating haplotype distributions of rare variants from pooled genotype data.(Methodology article)(Report)

TitleAn EM algorithm based on an internal list for estimating haplotype distributions of rare variants from pooled genotype data.(Methodology article)(Report)
Authors
KeywordsExpectation-maximization Algorithm -- Usage
Genetic Research -- Methods
Haplotypes -- Research
Issue Date2013
PublisherBioMed Central Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcgenet/
Citation
BMC Genetics, 2013, v. 14, p. 82-82 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground Pooling is a cost effective way to collect data for genetic association studies, particularly for rare genetic variants. It is of interest to estimate the haplotype frequencies, which contain more information than single locus statistics. By viewing the pooled genotype data as incomplete data, the expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm is the natural algorithm to use, but it is computationally intensive. A recent proposal to reduce the computational burden is to make use of database information to form a list of frequently occurring haplotypes, and to restrict the haplotypes to come from this list only in implementing the EM algorithm. There is, however, the danger of using an incorrect list, and there may not be enough database information to form a list externally in some applications. Results We investigate the possibility of creating an internal list from the data at hand. One way to form such a list is to collapse the observed total minor allele frequencies to ?zero? or ?at least one?, which is shown to have the desirable effect of amplifying the haplotype frequencies. To improve coverage, we propose ways to add and remove haplotypes from the list, and a benchmarking method to determine the frequency threshold for removing haplotypes. Simulation results show that the EM estimates based on a suitably augmented and trimmed collapsed data list (ATCDL) perform satisfactorily. In two scenarios involving 25 and 32 loci respectively, the EM-ATCDL estimates outperform the EM estimates based on other lists as well as the collapsed data maximum likelihood estimates. Conclusions The proposed augmented and trimmed CD list is a useful list for the EM algorithm to base upon in estimating the haplotype distributions of rare variants. It can handle more markers and larger pool size than existing methods, and the resulting EM-ATCDL estimates are more efficient than the EM estimates based on other lists.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221673
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.152
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.185
PubMed Central ID
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorKuk, AYC-
dc.contributor.authorLi, X-
dc.contributor.authorXu, J-
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-04T15:29:00Z-
dc.date.available2015-12-04T15:29:00Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationBMC Genetics, 2013, v. 14, p. 82-82-
dc.identifier.issn1471-2156-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221673-
dc.description.abstractBackground Pooling is a cost effective way to collect data for genetic association studies, particularly for rare genetic variants. It is of interest to estimate the haplotype frequencies, which contain more information than single locus statistics. By viewing the pooled genotype data as incomplete data, the expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm is the natural algorithm to use, but it is computationally intensive. A recent proposal to reduce the computational burden is to make use of database information to form a list of frequently occurring haplotypes, and to restrict the haplotypes to come from this list only in implementing the EM algorithm. There is, however, the danger of using an incorrect list, and there may not be enough database information to form a list externally in some applications. Results We investigate the possibility of creating an internal list from the data at hand. One way to form such a list is to collapse the observed total minor allele frequencies to ?zero? or ?at least one?, which is shown to have the desirable effect of amplifying the haplotype frequencies. To improve coverage, we propose ways to add and remove haplotypes from the list, and a benchmarking method to determine the frequency threshold for removing haplotypes. Simulation results show that the EM estimates based on a suitably augmented and trimmed collapsed data list (ATCDL) perform satisfactorily. In two scenarios involving 25 and 32 loci respectively, the EM-ATCDL estimates outperform the EM estimates based on other lists as well as the collapsed data maximum likelihood estimates. Conclusions The proposed augmented and trimmed CD list is a useful list for the EM algorithm to base upon in estimating the haplotype distributions of rare variants. It can handle more markers and larger pool size than existing methods, and the resulting EM-ATCDL estimates are more efficient than the EM estimates based on other lists.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherBioMed Central Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcgenet/-
dc.relation.ispartofBMC Genetics-
dc.subjectExpectation-maximization Algorithm -- Usage-
dc.subjectGenetic Research -- Methods-
dc.subjectHaplotypes -- Research-
dc.titleAn EM algorithm based on an internal list for estimating haplotype distributions of rare variants from pooled genotype data.(Methodology article)(Report)-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailXu, J: xujf@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityXu, J=rp02086-
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1471-2156-14-82-
dc.identifier.pmid24034507-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC3847674-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84884357445-
dc.identifier.volume14-
dc.identifier.spage82-
dc.identifier.epage82-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000324519500001-

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