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Article: Speech recognition ability of children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss as a function of amplification, speech stimuli and listening condition

TitleSpeech recognition ability of children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss as a function of amplification, speech stimuli and listening condition
Authors
Issue Date1990
Citation
Ear and Hearing, 1990, v. 11, n. 4, p. 264-270 How to Cite?
AbstractThe purpose of this investigation was to examine three types of audiological ecommendations [unaided, CROS (contralateral routing of signals) and personal FM system] and their impact upon speech recognition ability of children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss. Each of these recommendations was tested under three listening conditions encountered in a classroom [monaural direct (MD), monaural indirect (MI), midline signal/omnidirectional noise (MS/ON)] with two types of speech materials (Nonsense Syllable Test and an American English adaptation on the Bamford-Kowal-Bench Sentence Lists). These experimental conditions were simulated in a classroom, recorded on audiotape, and played back to subjects under headphones to control such factors as signal-to-noise ratio, earmold fit, and head shadow effects. Six schoolage children with unilateral hearing losses between 56 and >120 dB HL (PTA) were evaluated using a repeated measures design. The children experienced the most listening difficulty in the MI condition when they were unaided. The CROS aid improved speech recognition in this condition but degraded speech recognition in the MD condition. The FM system was the only audiological recommendation to produce uniformly high speech recognition scores across all listening conditions with both types of speech materials. Implications for the audiological management of unilaterally hearing-impaired children in the classroom are discussed. © 1990 by The Williams and Wilkins Co.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221403
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.517
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.794

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorKenworthy, OT-
dc.contributor.authorKlee, T-
dc.contributor.authorTharpe, AM-
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-19T03:36:53Z-
dc.date.available2015-11-19T03:36:53Z-
dc.date.issued1990-
dc.identifier.citationEar and Hearing, 1990, v. 11, n. 4, p. 264-270-
dc.identifier.issn0196-0202-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221403-
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this investigation was to examine three types of audiological ecommendations [unaided, CROS (contralateral routing of signals) and personal FM system] and their impact upon speech recognition ability of children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss. Each of these recommendations was tested under three listening conditions encountered in a classroom [monaural direct (MD), monaural indirect (MI), midline signal/omnidirectional noise (MS/ON)] with two types of speech materials (Nonsense Syllable Test and an American English adaptation on the Bamford-Kowal-Bench Sentence Lists). These experimental conditions were simulated in a classroom, recorded on audiotape, and played back to subjects under headphones to control such factors as signal-to-noise ratio, earmold fit, and head shadow effects. Six schoolage children with unilateral hearing losses between 56 and >120 dB HL (PTA) were evaluated using a repeated measures design. The children experienced the most listening difficulty in the MI condition when they were unaided. The CROS aid improved speech recognition in this condition but degraded speech recognition in the MD condition. The FM system was the only audiological recommendation to produce uniformly high speech recognition scores across all listening conditions with both types of speech materials. Implications for the audiological management of unilaterally hearing-impaired children in the classroom are discussed. © 1990 by The Williams and Wilkins Co.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofEar and Hearing-
dc.titleSpeech recognition ability of children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss as a function of amplification, speech stimuli and listening condition-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.pmid2210100-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0025126205-
dc.identifier.volume11-
dc.identifier.issue4-
dc.identifier.spage264-
dc.identifier.epage270-
dc.identifier.eissn1538-4667-

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