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Article: Prognostic influence of spontaneous tumor rupture on hepatocellular carcinoma after interval hepatectomy

TitlePrognostic influence of spontaneous tumor rupture on hepatocellular carcinoma after interval hepatectomy
Authors
Issue Date2015
Citation
Surgery (United States), 2015 How to Cite?
Abstract© 2015 Elsevier Inc. Background: Spontaneous tumor rupture (STR) is a life-threatening complication of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Yet, interval partial hepatectomy (PH) is feasible in selected patients after hemostasis for the rupture event. Little is known, however, about the extent of negative prognostic impact STR had on these patients after resection. Our aim was to determine the impact of STR on the oncologic outcome of interval PH for ruptured HCC, and the prognostic value of STR on the current tumor node metastasis (TNM) classification. Study design: From 1989 to 2010, 84 of 364 patients (23%) with STR received staged PH. Clinicopathologic variables associated with STR were identified by logistic regression analysis and ruptured tumor size with prognostic impact was determined by receiver operating characteristic analysis. Comparison of survival curves was performed after stratification by the American Joint Committee on Cancer/TNM, 7th edition. Results: Ruptured HCC had substantially worse survival than nonruptured tumor (5-year overall survival: 22.3% vs 53.4% P<.001). Anti-HCV status (hazard ratio [HR]: 3.225 confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.175-8.847, P = 023), platelet count (HR: 1.003, CI 1.0001-1.006, P = 042), tumor size (HR: 1.089, CI 1.025-1.156, P = 006) and microvascular invasion (HR 2.377, CI 1.255-4.502, P = 008) were independently associated with STR. When stratified by the TNM system after excluding STR as a component of T-staging, ruptured HCC had worse survival outcomes than nonruptured HCC in T1-T2 disease and tumors ≤10cm only. A receiver operating characteristic analysis confirmed that STR had no additional adverse prognostic impact over other tumor features when size > 10cm (area under curve 0.65, P<.001). Conclusion: STR affects the outcome of PH for T1-T2 disease or tumor ≤10cm only. Assigning all resectable ruptured tumors to T4 may overestimate the severity of disease.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221382
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.309
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.620
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChan, ACY-
dc.contributor.authorDai, JWC-
dc.contributor.authorChok, KSH-
dc.contributor.authorCheung, TT-
dc.contributor.authorLo, CM-
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-18T06:09:10Z-
dc.date.available2015-11-18T06:09:10Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationSurgery (United States), 2015-
dc.identifier.issn0039-6060-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221382-
dc.description.abstract© 2015 Elsevier Inc. Background: Spontaneous tumor rupture (STR) is a life-threatening complication of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Yet, interval partial hepatectomy (PH) is feasible in selected patients after hemostasis for the rupture event. Little is known, however, about the extent of negative prognostic impact STR had on these patients after resection. Our aim was to determine the impact of STR on the oncologic outcome of interval PH for ruptured HCC, and the prognostic value of STR on the current tumor node metastasis (TNM) classification. Study design: From 1989 to 2010, 84 of 364 patients (23%) with STR received staged PH. Clinicopathologic variables associated with STR were identified by logistic regression analysis and ruptured tumor size with prognostic impact was determined by receiver operating characteristic analysis. Comparison of survival curves was performed after stratification by the American Joint Committee on Cancer/TNM, 7th edition. Results: Ruptured HCC had substantially worse survival than nonruptured tumor (5-year overall survival: 22.3% vs 53.4% P<.001). Anti-HCV status (hazard ratio [HR]: 3.225 confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.175-8.847, P = 023), platelet count (HR: 1.003, CI 1.0001-1.006, P = 042), tumor size (HR: 1.089, CI 1.025-1.156, P = 006) and microvascular invasion (HR 2.377, CI 1.255-4.502, P = 008) were independently associated with STR. When stratified by the TNM system after excluding STR as a component of T-staging, ruptured HCC had worse survival outcomes than nonruptured HCC in T1-T2 disease and tumors ≤10cm only. A receiver operating characteristic analysis confirmed that STR had no additional adverse prognostic impact over other tumor features when size > 10cm (area under curve 0.65, P<.001). Conclusion: STR affects the outcome of PH for T1-T2 disease or tumor ≤10cm only. Assigning all resectable ruptured tumors to T4 may overestimate the severity of disease.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofSurgery (United States)-
dc.titlePrognostic influence of spontaneous tumor rupture on hepatocellular carcinoma after interval hepatectomy-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.surg.2015.07.020-
dc.identifier.pmid26294087-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84939833267-
dc.identifier.hkuros254789-
dc.identifier.eissn1532-7361-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000367869400006-

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