File Download
Supplementary

postgraduate thesis: Thermal incorporation behavior during the reduction and stabilization of chromium wastes

TitleThermal incorporation behavior during the reduction and stabilization of chromium wastes
Authors
Issue Date2015
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Yang, J. [楊駿]. (2015). Thermal incorporation behavior during the reduction and stabilization of chromium wastes. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5611000
AbstractThe possibility of employing periclase to stabilize chromium in chromium wastes into spinel-based ceramics through thermal method was investigated by heating mixture of simulated chromium waste and magnesium oxide. Different types of magnesium oxide precursors were introduced to incorporate chromium oxide into magnesiochromite (MgCr2O4) ranging from 550 ºC to 1350 ºC. Magnesium oxide precursors of both types can effectively incorporate chromium oxide but via different mechanisms. Three main factors that can affect the leaching behavior of MgCr2O4 were studied, which are 1) the influence of different precursors; 2) the influence of cooling rate of sintered samples; 3) the influence of annealing temperature of sintered samples. Results revealed that samples of larger particle size had better leaching performance. Fast cooling rate, as well as high annealing temperature, could prohibit the formation of chromium(VI) during thermal treatment process. The comparison of prolonged both acidic and alkaline leaching tests of chromium oxide and magnesiochromite demonstrated superior stabilization performance of MgCr2O4 in stabilizing chromium. This study confirmed the feasibility of applying periclase to stabilize chromium and suggested optimistic conditions for processing chromium-containing wastes under thermal treatment methods. Hexavalent chromium waste (simulated with CaCrO4) was successfully reduced to trivalent chromium with silicon carbide (SiC) under thermal conditions. A combination of SiC and MgO can reduce hexavalent chromium to trivalent chromium and stabilize trivalent chromium into MgCr2O4 through a one-step thermal treatment.
DegreeMaster of Philosophy
SubjectHazardous wastes - Stabilization
Metal wastes
Dept/ProgramCivil Engineering
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221218

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYang, Jun-
dc.contributor.author楊駿-
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-04T23:12:01Z-
dc.date.available2015-11-04T23:12:01Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationYang, J. [楊駿]. (2015). Thermal incorporation behavior during the reduction and stabilization of chromium wastes. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5611000-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221218-
dc.description.abstractThe possibility of employing periclase to stabilize chromium in chromium wastes into spinel-based ceramics through thermal method was investigated by heating mixture of simulated chromium waste and magnesium oxide. Different types of magnesium oxide precursors were introduced to incorporate chromium oxide into magnesiochromite (MgCr2O4) ranging from 550 ºC to 1350 ºC. Magnesium oxide precursors of both types can effectively incorporate chromium oxide but via different mechanisms. Three main factors that can affect the leaching behavior of MgCr2O4 were studied, which are 1) the influence of different precursors; 2) the influence of cooling rate of sintered samples; 3) the influence of annealing temperature of sintered samples. Results revealed that samples of larger particle size had better leaching performance. Fast cooling rate, as well as high annealing temperature, could prohibit the formation of chromium(VI) during thermal treatment process. The comparison of prolonged both acidic and alkaline leaching tests of chromium oxide and magnesiochromite demonstrated superior stabilization performance of MgCr2O4 in stabilizing chromium. This study confirmed the feasibility of applying periclase to stabilize chromium and suggested optimistic conditions for processing chromium-containing wastes under thermal treatment methods. Hexavalent chromium waste (simulated with CaCrO4) was successfully reduced to trivalent chromium with silicon carbide (SiC) under thermal conditions. A combination of SiC and MgO can reduce hexavalent chromium to trivalent chromium and stabilize trivalent chromium into MgCr2O4 through a one-step thermal treatment.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshHazardous wastes - Stabilization-
dc.subject.lcshMetal wastes-
dc.titleThermal incorporation behavior during the reduction and stabilization of chromium wastes-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5611000-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineCivil Engineering-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats