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Student Project: Promotion of knowledge and awareness of parents in HK about infant oral health care

TitlePromotion of knowledge and awareness of parents in HK about infant oral health care
Authors
Issue Date2015
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Chan, K., Cheng, C., Cheung, W., Ki, C. M., Ma, H., Ng, C., Tam, Y., Wan, P., Yau, K.. (2015). Promotion of knowledge and awareness of parents in HK about infant oral health care. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR.
AbstractAim: To promote the knowledge and awareness of infant oral health (OH) care among Hong Kong parents with children aged 0 to 2 years through an interactive workshop and to evaluate its effectiveness. Methods: Parents were recruited from government-registered childcare centers and private playgroups. Interactive workshops consisted of a 30-minute PowerPoint presentation and 20 minutes of small-group activities, which included infant oral hygiene instruction with custom-made infant dentition models, diet analysis and question-and-answer session. Self-completed questionnaires used to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of parents were distributed before and after the workshops. Scores on general OH knowledge (range=0-18), infant OH knowledge (0-10) and parent’s attitude (0-4) were computed. Scores of at least 70% were considered proficient. Results: Among the 111 participants (aged 26 to 54 years, 64% mothers), 96% had a child aged 0 to 30 months. 30% had their children’s mouth cleaned at least twice a day. Only one participant had brought his/her child to see a dentist. Weaker aspects in parents’ OH knowledge and common misconceptions were identified in the pre-survey. Only 35% identified frequent meals as an increased caries risk; only 59% and 79% identified starchy food and formula milk as cariogenic food respectively. 58% did not know water fluoridation can prevent caries, while 33% of parents pointed out calcium supplement can prevent caries. Before the workshop, 41% had proficient general OH knowledge (mean=11.9) and 16% had proficient infant OH knowledge (mean=4.8). Over half of parents showed positive attitude (mean=3.4). Significant improvements in general OH knowledge (mean=15.6, p<0.001), infant OH knowledge (mean=8.8, p<0.001) and attitude (mean=3.9, p<0.001) were observed. Parents reflected the workshops were useful (94%) and they learned new practices to improve their infants’ OH (95%). Conclusion: Several deficiencies in oral health knowledge and behaviour are identified. The interactive workshops can effectively promote the knowledge and awareness of infant oral health care among parents with children aged 0 to 2 years. Large-scale infant oral health survey is needed. Interactive workshops with longer follow-up periods are recommended. More guidelines can be provided to parents and general dentists for prevention of caries.
SubjectChildren - Dental care - China - Hong Kong
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221062
Series/Report no.Community health project (University of Hong Kong. Faculty of Dentistry) ; no. 195

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChan, Ka-yau-
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Cheuk-hin-
dc.contributor.authorCheung, Wing-yin-
dc.contributor.authorKi, Chun-wah, Matthew-
dc.contributor.authorMa, Hai-leong-
dc.contributor.authorNg, Chi-lung-
dc.contributor.authorTam, Yim-ha-
dc.contributor.authorWan, Pui-shan-
dc.contributor.authorYau, Kar-yin-
dc.date.accessioned2015-10-24T04:11:19Z-
dc.date.available2015-10-24T04:11:19Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationChan, K., Cheng, C., Cheung, W., Ki, C. M., Ma, H., Ng, C., Tam, Y., Wan, P., Yau, K.. (2015). Promotion of knowledge and awareness of parents in HK about infant oral health care. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR.-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221062-
dc.description.abstractAim: To promote the knowledge and awareness of infant oral health (OH) care among Hong Kong parents with children aged 0 to 2 years through an interactive workshop and to evaluate its effectiveness. Methods: Parents were recruited from government-registered childcare centers and private playgroups. Interactive workshops consisted of a 30-minute PowerPoint presentation and 20 minutes of small-group activities, which included infant oral hygiene instruction with custom-made infant dentition models, diet analysis and question-and-answer session. Self-completed questionnaires used to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of parents were distributed before and after the workshops. Scores on general OH knowledge (range=0-18), infant OH knowledge (0-10) and parent’s attitude (0-4) were computed. Scores of at least 70% were considered proficient. Results: Among the 111 participants (aged 26 to 54 years, 64% mothers), 96% had a child aged 0 to 30 months. 30% had their children’s mouth cleaned at least twice a day. Only one participant had brought his/her child to see a dentist. Weaker aspects in parents’ OH knowledge and common misconceptions were identified in the pre-survey. Only 35% identified frequent meals as an increased caries risk; only 59% and 79% identified starchy food and formula milk as cariogenic food respectively. 58% did not know water fluoridation can prevent caries, while 33% of parents pointed out calcium supplement can prevent caries. Before the workshop, 41% had proficient general OH knowledge (mean=11.9) and 16% had proficient infant OH knowledge (mean=4.8). Over half of parents showed positive attitude (mean=3.4). Significant improvements in general OH knowledge (mean=15.6, p<0.001), infant OH knowledge (mean=8.8, p<0.001) and attitude (mean=3.9, p<0.001) were observed. Parents reflected the workshops were useful (94%) and they learned new practices to improve their infants’ OH (95%). Conclusion: Several deficiencies in oral health knowledge and behaviour are identified. The interactive workshops can effectively promote the knowledge and awareness of infant oral health care among parents with children aged 0 to 2 years. Large-scale infant oral health survey is needed. Interactive workshops with longer follow-up periods are recommended. More guidelines can be provided to parents and general dentists for prevention of caries.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofCommunity Health Project-
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCommunity health project (University of Hong Kong. Faculty of Dentistry) ; no. 195-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshChildren - Dental care - China - Hong Kong-
dc.titlePromotion of knowledge and awareness of parents in HK about infant oral health care-
dc.typeStudent_Project-
dc.identifier.hkulb5576810-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.hkuros243638-

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