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Article: Selection of fusion levels using the fulcrum bending radiograph for the management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with alternate level pedicle screw strategy: clinical decision-making and outcomes

TitleSelection of fusion levels using the fulcrum bending radiograph for the management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with alternate level pedicle screw strategy: clinical decision-making and outcomes
Authors
Issue Date2015
Citation
PLoS One, 2015, v. 10 n. 8, p. e0120302 How to Cite?
AbstractObjective Selecting fusion levels based on the Luk et al criteria for operative management of thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with hook and hybrid systems yields acceptable curve correction and balance parameters; however, it is unknown whether utilizing a purely pedicle screw strategy is effective. Utilizing the fulcrum bending radiographic (FBR) to assess curve flexibility to select fusion levels, the following study assessed the efficacy of pedicle screw fixation with alternate level screw strategy (ALSS) for thoracic AIS. Methods A retrospective study with prospective radiographic data collection/analyses (preoperative, postoperative 1-week and minimum 2-year follow-up) of 28 operative thoracic AIS patients undergoing ALSS was performed. Standing coronal/sagittal and FBR Cobb angles, FBR flexibility, fulcrum bending correction index (FBCI), trunkal shift, radiographic shoulder height (RSH), and list were assessed on x-rays. Fusion level selection was based on the Luk et al criteria and compared to conventional techniques. Results In the primary curve, the mean preoperative and postoperative 1 week and last follow-up standing coronal Cobb angles were 59.9, 17.2 and 20.0 degrees, respectively. Eighteen patients (64.3%) had distal levels saved (mean: 1.6 levels) in comparison to conventional techniques. Mean immediate and last follow-up FBCIs were 122.6% and 115.0%, respectively. Sagittal alignment did not statistically differ between any assessment intervals (p>0.05). A decrease in trunkal shift was noted from preoperative to last follow-up (p = 0.003). No statistically significant difference from preoperative to last follow-up was noted in RSH and list (p>0.05). No "add-on" of other vertebra or decompensation was noted and all patients achieved fusion. Conclusions This is the first report to note that using the FBR for decision-making in selecting fusion levels in thoracic AIS patients undergoing management with pedicle screw constructs (e.g. ALSS) is a cost-effective strategy that can achieve clinically-relevant deformity correction that is maintained and without compromising fusion levels.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/220183
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.057
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.395

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSamartzis, D-
dc.contributor.authorLeung, VYL-
dc.contributor.authorShigematsu, H-
dc.contributor.authorNatarajan, D-
dc.contributor.authorStokes, O-
dc.contributor.authorMak, KC-
dc.contributor.authorYao, G-
dc.contributor.authorLuk, KDK-
dc.contributor.authorCheung, KMC-
dc.date.accessioned2015-10-16T06:31:50Z-
dc.date.available2015-10-16T06:31:50Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationPLoS One, 2015, v. 10 n. 8, p. e0120302-
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/220183-
dc.description.abstractObjective Selecting fusion levels based on the Luk et al criteria for operative management of thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with hook and hybrid systems yields acceptable curve correction and balance parameters; however, it is unknown whether utilizing a purely pedicle screw strategy is effective. Utilizing the fulcrum bending radiographic (FBR) to assess curve flexibility to select fusion levels, the following study assessed the efficacy of pedicle screw fixation with alternate level screw strategy (ALSS) for thoracic AIS. Methods A retrospective study with prospective radiographic data collection/analyses (preoperative, postoperative 1-week and minimum 2-year follow-up) of 28 operative thoracic AIS patients undergoing ALSS was performed. Standing coronal/sagittal and FBR Cobb angles, FBR flexibility, fulcrum bending correction index (FBCI), trunkal shift, radiographic shoulder height (RSH), and list were assessed on x-rays. Fusion level selection was based on the Luk et al criteria and compared to conventional techniques. Results In the primary curve, the mean preoperative and postoperative 1 week and last follow-up standing coronal Cobb angles were 59.9, 17.2 and 20.0 degrees, respectively. Eighteen patients (64.3%) had distal levels saved (mean: 1.6 levels) in comparison to conventional techniques. Mean immediate and last follow-up FBCIs were 122.6% and 115.0%, respectively. Sagittal alignment did not statistically differ between any assessment intervals (p>0.05). A decrease in trunkal shift was noted from preoperative to last follow-up (p = 0.003). No statistically significant difference from preoperative to last follow-up was noted in RSH and list (p>0.05). No "add-on" of other vertebra or decompensation was noted and all patients achieved fusion. Conclusions This is the first report to note that using the FBR for decision-making in selecting fusion levels in thoracic AIS patients undergoing management with pedicle screw constructs (e.g. ALSS) is a cost-effective strategy that can achieve clinically-relevant deformity correction that is maintained and without compromising fusion levels.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofPLoS One-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleSelection of fusion levels using the fulcrum bending radiograph for the management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with alternate level pedicle screw strategy: clinical decision-making and outcomes-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailSamartzis, D: dspine@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLeung, VYL: vicleung@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailMak, KC: kincmak@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLuk, KDK: hrmoldk@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailCheung, KMC: cheungmc@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authoritySamartzis, D=rp01430-
dc.identifier.authorityLeung, VYL=rp01764-
dc.identifier.authorityMak, KC=rp01957-
dc.identifier.authorityLuk, KDK=rp00333-
dc.identifier.authorityCheung, KMC=rp00387-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0120302-
dc.identifier.hkuros255800-
dc.identifier.volume10-
dc.identifier.issue8-
dc.identifier.spagee0120302-
dc.identifier.epagee0120302-

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