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Article: Experimental estimate of the abundance and effects of nearly neutral mutations in the RNA virus φ6

TitleExperimental estimate of the abundance and effects of nearly neutral mutations in the RNA virus φ6
Authors
Issue Date2007
Citation
Genetics, 2007, v. 176, n. 1, p. 467-476 How to Cite?
AbstractAlthough the frequency and effects of neutral and nearly neutral mutations are critical to evolutionary patterns and processes governed by genetic drift, the small effects of such mutations make them difficult to study empirically. Here we present the results of a mutation-accumulation experiment designed to assess the frequencies of deleterious mutations with undetectable effects. We promoted the accumulation of spontaneous mutations by subjecting independent lineages of the RNA virus φ6 to repeated population bottlenecks of a single individual. We measured fitness following every bottleneck to obtain a complete picture of the timing and effects of the accumulated mutations with detectable effects and sequenced complete genomes to determine the number of mutations that were undetected by the fitness assays. To estimate the effects of the undetected mutations, we implemented a likelihood model developed for quantitative trait locus (QTL) data (Otto and Jones 2000) to estimate the number and effects of the undetected mutations from the measured number and effects of the detected mutations. Using this method we estimated a deleterious mutation rate of U = 0.03 and a gamma effects distribution with mean s̄ = 0.093 and coefficient of variation = 0.204. Although our estimates of U and s̄ fall within the range of recent mutation rate and effect estimates in eukaryotes, the fraction of mutations with detectable effects on laboratory fitness (39%) appears to be far higher in φ6 than in eukaryotes. Copyright © 2007 by the Genetics Society of America.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/219541
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.644
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 4.270

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorBurch, Christina L.-
dc.contributor.authorGuyader, Sebastien-
dc.contributor.authorSamarov, Daniel-
dc.contributor.authorShen, Haipeng-
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-23T02:57:20Z-
dc.date.available2015-09-23T02:57:20Z-
dc.date.issued2007-
dc.identifier.citationGenetics, 2007, v. 176, n. 1, p. 467-476-
dc.identifier.issn0016-6731-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/219541-
dc.description.abstractAlthough the frequency and effects of neutral and nearly neutral mutations are critical to evolutionary patterns and processes governed by genetic drift, the small effects of such mutations make them difficult to study empirically. Here we present the results of a mutation-accumulation experiment designed to assess the frequencies of deleterious mutations with undetectable effects. We promoted the accumulation of spontaneous mutations by subjecting independent lineages of the RNA virus φ6 to repeated population bottlenecks of a single individual. We measured fitness following every bottleneck to obtain a complete picture of the timing and effects of the accumulated mutations with detectable effects and sequenced complete genomes to determine the number of mutations that were undetected by the fitness assays. To estimate the effects of the undetected mutations, we implemented a likelihood model developed for quantitative trait locus (QTL) data (Otto and Jones 2000) to estimate the number and effects of the undetected mutations from the measured number and effects of the detected mutations. Using this method we estimated a deleterious mutation rate of U = 0.03 and a gamma effects distribution with mean s̄ = 0.093 and coefficient of variation = 0.204. Although our estimates of U and s̄ fall within the range of recent mutation rate and effect estimates in eukaryotes, the fraction of mutations with detectable effects on laboratory fitness (39%) appears to be far higher in φ6 than in eukaryotes. Copyright © 2007 by the Genetics Society of America.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofGenetics-
dc.titleExperimental estimate of the abundance and effects of nearly neutral mutations in the RNA virus φ6-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1534/genetics.106.067199-
dc.identifier.pmid17339206-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-34250772513-
dc.identifier.volume176-
dc.identifier.issue1-
dc.identifier.spage467-
dc.identifier.epage476-
dc.identifier.eissn0016-6731-

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