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Conference Paper: Oral Health behaviours and barriers to dental care among preschool children with autism spectrum

TitleOral Health behaviours and barriers to dental care among preschool children with autism spectrum
Authors
KeywordsMedical sciences
Dentistry
Issue Date2015
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0960-7439
Citation
The 25th Congress of the International Association of Paediatric Dentistry (IAPD 2015), Glasglow, UK., 1-4 July 2015. In International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 2015, v. 25 suppl. S1, p. 61, abstract PZ03.35 How to Cite?
AbstractBACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is a spectrum of developmental disorders characterized by impairments in communication and social skills. Children with ASD have difficulties in oral health care. AIM: The aims of this study were to (1) compare the oral health behaviours of preschool children with and without ASD, and (2) identify the main barriers to oral self-care and dental services experienced by children with ASD and their parents. DESIGN: Two hundred and fifty-seven preschool children with ASD were recruited from 17 Special Child Care Centres in Hong Kong. An age- and gender-matched sample of children from mainstream preschools was recruited as control group. The children’s oral health behaviours and their main barriers to oral selfcare and dental services were assessed. RESULTS: Preschool children with and without ASD had similar dental attendance, in terms of time since last dental visit and experience of dental treatment under general anaesthesia (P > 0.05). Compared to children without ASD, children with ASD were reported to have performed tooth-brushing and used toothpaste less frequently, but more frequently required parental assistance in tooth-brushing (P < 0.05). Similar frequency of snacking was reported among children with and without ASD (P = 0.05). Barriers to oral self-care and use of dental services were more frequently reported for children with ASD compared to children without ASD (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Differences in oral health behaviours existed between preschool children with and without ASD, particularly with respect to tooth-brushing habits. Barriers to oral self-care and access to dental services among children with ASD existed and warrant consideration.
DescriptionThis free journal suppl. entitled: Special Issue: Abstracts from the 25th Congress of the International Association of Paediatric Dentistry, 1-4 July 2015, Glasgow, UK
Poster Session: PZ03.35
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/219267
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.303
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.721

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorDu, Y-
dc.contributor.authorYiu, CKY-
dc.contributor.authorKing, N-
dc.contributor.authorMcGrath, C-
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-18T07:19:32Z-
dc.date.available2015-09-18T07:19:32Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationThe 25th Congress of the International Association of Paediatric Dentistry (IAPD 2015), Glasglow, UK., 1-4 July 2015. In International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 2015, v. 25 suppl. S1, p. 61, abstract PZ03.35-
dc.identifier.issn0960-7439-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/219267-
dc.descriptionThis free journal suppl. entitled: Special Issue: Abstracts from the 25th Congress of the International Association of Paediatric Dentistry, 1-4 July 2015, Glasgow, UK-
dc.descriptionPoster Session: PZ03.35-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is a spectrum of developmental disorders characterized by impairments in communication and social skills. Children with ASD have difficulties in oral health care. AIM: The aims of this study were to (1) compare the oral health behaviours of preschool children with and without ASD, and (2) identify the main barriers to oral self-care and dental services experienced by children with ASD and their parents. DESIGN: Two hundred and fifty-seven preschool children with ASD were recruited from 17 Special Child Care Centres in Hong Kong. An age- and gender-matched sample of children from mainstream preschools was recruited as control group. The children’s oral health behaviours and their main barriers to oral selfcare and dental services were assessed. RESULTS: Preschool children with and without ASD had similar dental attendance, in terms of time since last dental visit and experience of dental treatment under general anaesthesia (P > 0.05). Compared to children without ASD, children with ASD were reported to have performed tooth-brushing and used toothpaste less frequently, but more frequently required parental assistance in tooth-brushing (P < 0.05). Similar frequency of snacking was reported among children with and without ASD (P = 0.05). Barriers to oral self-care and use of dental services were more frequently reported for children with ASD compared to children without ASD (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Differences in oral health behaviours existed between preschool children with and without ASD, particularly with respect to tooth-brushing habits. Barriers to oral self-care and access to dental services among children with ASD existed and warrant consideration.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0960-7439-
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Paediatric Dentistry-
dc.subjectMedical sciences-
dc.subjectDentistry-
dc.titleOral Health behaviours and barriers to dental care among preschool children with autism spectrum-
dc.typeConference_Paper-
dc.identifier.emailYiu, CKY: ckyyiu@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailKing, N: hhdbknm@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailMcGrath, C: mcgrathc@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityYiu, CKY=rp00018-
dc.identifier.authorityKing, N=rp00006-
dc.identifier.authorityMcGrath, C=rp00037-
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/ipd.12170-
dc.identifier.hkuros252478-
dc.identifier.hkuros267276-
dc.identifier.volume25-
dc.identifier.issuesuppl. S1-
dc.identifier.spage61, abstract PZ03.35-
dc.identifier.epage61, abstract PZ03.35-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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