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Article: Transmission of H7N9 influenza viruses with a polymorphism at PB2 residue 627 in chickens and ferrets

TitleTransmission of H7N9 influenza viruses with a polymorphism at PB2 residue 627 in chickens and ferrets
Authors
Issue Date2015
Citation
Journal of Virology, 2015, v. 89 n. 19, p. 9939-9951 How to Cite?
AbstractPoultry exposure is a major risk factor for human H7N9 zoonotic infections, for which the mode of transmission remains unclear. We studied the transmission of genetically related poultry and human H7N9 influenza viruses differing by four amino acids, including the host determinant PB2 residue 627. A/Silkie chicken/HK/1772/2014 (SCk1772) and A/HK/3263/14 (HK3263) replicated to comparable titers in chickens, with superior oropharyngeal over cloacal shedding; both viruses transmitted efficiently among chickens via direct contact but inefficiently via the airborne route. Interspecies transmission via the airborne route was observed for ferrets exposed to the SCk1772- or HK3263-infected chickens, while low numbers of copies of influenza viral genome were detected in the air, predominantly at particle sizes larger than 4 μm. In ferrets, the human isolate HK3263 replicated to higher titers and transmitted more efficiently via direct contact than SCk1772. We monitored "intrahost" and "interhost" adaptive changes at PB2 residue 627 during infection and transmission of the Sck1772 that carried E627 and HK3263 that carried V/K/E polymorphism at 60%, 20%, and 20%, respectively. For SCk1772, positive selection for K627 over E627 was observed in ferrets during the chicken-to-ferret or ferret-to-ferret transmission. For HK3263 that contained V/K/E polymorphism, mixed V627 and E627 genotypes were transmitted among chickens while either V627 or K627 was transmitted to ferrets with a narrow transmission bottleneck. Overall, our results suggest direct contact as the main mode for H7N9 transmission and identify the PB2-V627 genotype with uncompromised fitness and transmissibility in both avian and mammalian species.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/218505
PubMed Central ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLuk, GS-
dc.contributor.authorLeung, CYH-
dc.contributor.authorSia, SF-
dc.contributor.authorChoy, KT-
dc.contributor.authorZHOU, J-
dc.contributor.authorHo, CK-
dc.contributor.authorCheung, PPH-
dc.contributor.authorLee, EF-
dc.contributor.authorWai, CK-
dc.contributor.authorLi, PC-
dc.contributor.authorIp, SM-
dc.contributor.authorPoon, LLM-
dc.contributor.authorLindsley, WG-
dc.contributor.authorPeiris, JSM-
dc.contributor.authorYen, H-
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-18T06:41:35Z-
dc.date.available2015-09-18T06:41:35Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Virology, 2015, v. 89 n. 19, p. 9939-9951-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/218505-
dc.description.abstractPoultry exposure is a major risk factor for human H7N9 zoonotic infections, for which the mode of transmission remains unclear. We studied the transmission of genetically related poultry and human H7N9 influenza viruses differing by four amino acids, including the host determinant PB2 residue 627. A/Silkie chicken/HK/1772/2014 (SCk1772) and A/HK/3263/14 (HK3263) replicated to comparable titers in chickens, with superior oropharyngeal over cloacal shedding; both viruses transmitted efficiently among chickens via direct contact but inefficiently via the airborne route. Interspecies transmission via the airborne route was observed for ferrets exposed to the SCk1772- or HK3263-infected chickens, while low numbers of copies of influenza viral genome were detected in the air, predominantly at particle sizes larger than 4 μm. In ferrets, the human isolate HK3263 replicated to higher titers and transmitted more efficiently via direct contact than SCk1772. We monitored "intrahost" and "interhost" adaptive changes at PB2 residue 627 during infection and transmission of the Sck1772 that carried E627 and HK3263 that carried V/K/E polymorphism at 60%, 20%, and 20%, respectively. For SCk1772, positive selection for K627 over E627 was observed in ferrets during the chicken-to-ferret or ferret-to-ferret transmission. For HK3263 that contained V/K/E polymorphism, mixed V627 and E627 genotypes were transmitted among chickens while either V627 or K627 was transmitted to ferrets with a narrow transmission bottleneck. Overall, our results suggest direct contact as the main mode for H7N9 transmission and identify the PB2-V627 genotype with uncompromised fitness and transmissibility in both avian and mammalian species.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Virology-
dc.titleTransmission of H7N9 influenza viruses with a polymorphism at PB2 residue 627 in chickens and ferrets-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailLeung, CYH: cyhleung@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailSia, SF: sfsia@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChoy, KT: ktchoy@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailHo, CK: hocandy@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailPoon, LLM: llmpoon@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailPeiris, JSM: malik@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailYen, H: hyen@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityLeung, CYH=rp00307-
dc.identifier.authorityPoon, LLM=rp00484-
dc.identifier.authorityPeiris, JSM=rp00410-
dc.identifier.authorityYen, H=rp00304-
dc.identifier.doi10.1128/JVI.01444-15-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC4577900-
dc.identifier.hkuros253193-
dc.identifier.volume89-
dc.identifier.issue19-
dc.identifier.spage9939-
dc.identifier.epage9951-

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