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Conference Paper: Qigong improves depressive symptoms, hope and mental functioning in persons with insomnia and depressive disorders: A RCT

TitleQigong improves depressive symptoms, hope and mental functioning in persons with insomnia and depressive disorders: A RCT
Authors
KeywordsMedical sciences
Issue Date2015
PublisherSpringer New York LLC. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.springer.com/medicine/journal/12160
Citation
The 36th Annual Meeting and Scientific Sessions of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, San Antonio, TX., 22-25 April 2015. In Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2015, v. 49 suppl 1, p. S247, abstract D094 How to Cite?
AbstractBACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is a very common complaint that results in emotional distress and poor health related quality of life (HRQoL). Qigong is an ancient Chinese self-healing exercise. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of Qigong exercise on sleep, emotional distress, hope and HRQoL in people with insomnia and depressive disorder. METHODS: People with sleep complaints in the community were screened for depressive disorder by Chinese version Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). 157 participants who had CES-D ranged 10 – 34 without any bipolar and other psychotic diseases were randomly assigned to Qigong (n=81) and waitlist control (n=76). Intervention was eight 2.5-hour weekly Qigong lessons. Outcome measures including CES-D, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), adult trait hope scale and SF-12 for HRQoL were assessed at baseline (T0) and post-intervention (T1). Two groups at baseline were compared by independent t-test. Repeated measures analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) controlling for CES-D and hope scores at baseline were conducted to examine interaction effects of group by time. RESULTS: All demographic characteristics were comparable between two groups (mean age = 55.5, SD=9.3). The majority of participants were female (n=122, 77.7%). At baseline, participants had severe sleep disturbance [14.0 (SD=2.9) and 12.8 (SD=3.4) for Qigong and control groups, respectively, p > .05], mild to moderate depression [22.9 (SD=6.3) and 20.1 (SD=6.4), respectively, p=.001] and poor HRQoL (PCS: 38.6 (SD=8.9) and 40.0 (SD=7.7), p>.05; MCS: 41.6 (SD=8.4) and 42.8 (SD=7.8, p>.05). It seemed that participants in Qigong group had more severe depression and less hope [49.0 (SD=11.0) and 53.4 (SD=11.8), p=.016] than control group. Controlling for CES-D and hope at baseline, repeated measure ANCOVA showed that Qigong group had significant improvements in PSQI score (F=9.2, p=.003), CES-Dscore (F=22.2, p < .001), hope (F=13.9, p < .001) and HRQoL (PCS: F=0.182, p=.671; MCS: F=8.1, p=.005) following Qigong intervention. CONCLUSION: This study showed that 8 sessions of Qigong exercise was an effective treatment for reducing sleep disturbance, emotional distress and improving hope and mental functioning in the people with insomnia and depressive disorders.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/218178
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.195
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.112

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChan, JSM-
dc.contributor.authorChan, CLW-
dc.contributor.authorYuen, LP-
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-18T06:27:22Z-
dc.date.available2015-09-18T06:27:22Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationThe 36th Annual Meeting and Scientific Sessions of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, San Antonio, TX., 22-25 April 2015. In Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2015, v. 49 suppl 1, p. S247, abstract D094-
dc.identifier.issn0883-6612-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/218178-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is a very common complaint that results in emotional distress and poor health related quality of life (HRQoL). Qigong is an ancient Chinese self-healing exercise. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of Qigong exercise on sleep, emotional distress, hope and HRQoL in people with insomnia and depressive disorder. METHODS: People with sleep complaints in the community were screened for depressive disorder by Chinese version Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). 157 participants who had CES-D ranged 10 – 34 without any bipolar and other psychotic diseases were randomly assigned to Qigong (n=81) and waitlist control (n=76). Intervention was eight 2.5-hour weekly Qigong lessons. Outcome measures including CES-D, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), adult trait hope scale and SF-12 for HRQoL were assessed at baseline (T0) and post-intervention (T1). Two groups at baseline were compared by independent t-test. Repeated measures analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) controlling for CES-D and hope scores at baseline were conducted to examine interaction effects of group by time. RESULTS: All demographic characteristics were comparable between two groups (mean age = 55.5, SD=9.3). The majority of participants were female (n=122, 77.7%). At baseline, participants had severe sleep disturbance [14.0 (SD=2.9) and 12.8 (SD=3.4) for Qigong and control groups, respectively, p > .05], mild to moderate depression [22.9 (SD=6.3) and 20.1 (SD=6.4), respectively, p=.001] and poor HRQoL (PCS: 38.6 (SD=8.9) and 40.0 (SD=7.7), p>.05; MCS: 41.6 (SD=8.4) and 42.8 (SD=7.8, p>.05). It seemed that participants in Qigong group had more severe depression and less hope [49.0 (SD=11.0) and 53.4 (SD=11.8), p=.016] than control group. Controlling for CES-D and hope at baseline, repeated measure ANCOVA showed that Qigong group had significant improvements in PSQI score (F=9.2, p=.003), CES-Dscore (F=22.2, p < .001), hope (F=13.9, p < .001) and HRQoL (PCS: F=0.182, p=.671; MCS: F=8.1, p=.005) following Qigong intervention. CONCLUSION: This study showed that 8 sessions of Qigong exercise was an effective treatment for reducing sleep disturbance, emotional distress and improving hope and mental functioning in the people with insomnia and depressive disorders.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherSpringer New York LLC. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.springer.com/medicine/journal/12160-
dc.relation.ispartofAnnals of Behavioral Medicine-
dc.rightsThe final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12160-015-9688-1-
dc.subjectMedical sciences-
dc.titleQigong improves depressive symptoms, hope and mental functioning in persons with insomnia and depressive disorders: A RCT-
dc.typeConference_Paper-
dc.identifier.emailChan, JSM: chansm5@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChan, CLW: cecichan@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityChan, CLW=rp00579-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s12160-015-9688-1-
dc.identifier.hkuros253842-
dc.identifier.volume49-
dc.identifier.issuesuppl 1-
dc.identifier.spageS247, abstract D094-
dc.identifier.epageS247, abstract D094-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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