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Conference Paper: Significant determinants in predicting health-related quality of life among Chinese cancer patient and caregiver dyads in Hong Kong

TitleSignificant determinants in predicting health-related quality of life among Chinese cancer patient and caregiver dyads in Hong Kong
Authors
KeywordsMedical sciences
Oncology psychology medical sciences
Psychiatry and neurology
Issue Date2014
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jhome/5807
Citation
The 16th World Congress of the International Psycho-Oncology Society (IPOS 2014), Lisbon, Portugal, 20-24 October 2014. In Psycho-Oncology, 2014, v. 23 suppl. S3, p. 397-398, abstract P3-0355 How to Cite?
AbstractBACKGROUND: Cancer is a major disorder that physically and psychologically exerts a considerable impact on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) not only for cancer patients, but also for caregivers. It has been reported that cancer patients and caregivers experience high stress level, sleep disturbance, anxiety, depression, and had impaired HRQOL. However, few studies has investigated HRQOL and determined the impacts of physical, psychological factors, physical activity and social support on HRQOL for cancer patients-caregiver dyads. METHODS: This study aims to investigate HRQOL and determine significant factors in HRQOL for both cancer patients and their caregivers. 231 mixed type cancer patient-caregiver dyads completed an online questionnaire consisting of short form-12 health survey (SF-12), perceived stress scale (PSS), Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI), hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ) and multidimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS). Multiple linear regressions using HRQOL as dependent variables and PSS, PSQI, HADS anxiety and depression scores, natural log (IPAQ), and MSPSS as the independent variables were conducted for cancer patients and caregivers separately. RESULTS: Mean age was 57.4 (SD=10.4) and 53.7 (SD=12.5) for patients and caregivers, respectively. For patients, HADS-depression [standardized coefficient beta=-0.305, (p <.001)], natural log (IPAQ) (0.268, p<.001) and MSPSS-friend (0.154, p=.017) were significant predictors in SF-12 physical composite score (PCS). HADS-depression (-0.366, p<.001), HADS-anxiety (-0.435, p<.001) and caregiver’s MSPSS-family (0.098, p=0.021) were significant predictors in SF-12 mental composite score (MCS). For caregivers, PSQI (-0.324, p<.001), age (-0.294, p<.001), HADS-depression (-0.193, p<.001), gender of female (-0.141, p=.013) and patients’ MSPSS-total (0.115, p=.047) were found to be significant in predicting SF-12 PCS. While HADS-depression (-0.320, p<.001), PSS (-0.302, p<.001), HADS-anxiety (-0.236, p=.004) and age (0.118, p=.009) were significant predictors in SF-12 MCS. CONCLUSION: For cancer patients, depression score was a risk factor, physical activity, friends support were protective factors for cancer patients’ physical wellbeing; while depression and anxiety scores were risk factors and caregivers’ perceived family support was a protective factor in cancer patients’ mental wellbeing. For caregivers, except for patients’ perceived social support-total score as a protective factor, sleep disturbance, depression and anxiety scores, older age and female were risk factors for caregivers’ physical wellbeing. However, for caregivers’ mental wellbeing, except for older age as a protective factor, depression and anxiety scores, and high stress were risk factors.
DescriptionPoster abstracts
This free journal suppl. entitled: Special Issue: Abstracts of the IPOS 16th World Congress of Psycho-Oncology and Psychosocial Academy, 20-24 October 2014, Lisbon, Portugal
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/218174
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.256
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.904
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DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChan, JSM-
dc.contributor.authorChan, THY-
dc.contributor.authorChan, CLW-
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-18T06:26:58Z-
dc.date.available2015-09-18T06:26:58Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationThe 16th World Congress of the International Psycho-Oncology Society (IPOS 2014), Lisbon, Portugal, 20-24 October 2014. In Psycho-Oncology, 2014, v. 23 suppl. S3, p. 397-398, abstract P3-0355-
dc.identifier.issn1057-9249-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/218174-
dc.descriptionPoster abstracts-
dc.descriptionThis free journal suppl. entitled: Special Issue: Abstracts of the IPOS 16th World Congress of Psycho-Oncology and Psychosocial Academy, 20-24 October 2014, Lisbon, Portugal-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Cancer is a major disorder that physically and psychologically exerts a considerable impact on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) not only for cancer patients, but also for caregivers. It has been reported that cancer patients and caregivers experience high stress level, sleep disturbance, anxiety, depression, and had impaired HRQOL. However, few studies has investigated HRQOL and determined the impacts of physical, psychological factors, physical activity and social support on HRQOL for cancer patients-caregiver dyads. METHODS: This study aims to investigate HRQOL and determine significant factors in HRQOL for both cancer patients and their caregivers. 231 mixed type cancer patient-caregiver dyads completed an online questionnaire consisting of short form-12 health survey (SF-12), perceived stress scale (PSS), Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI), hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ) and multidimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS). Multiple linear regressions using HRQOL as dependent variables and PSS, PSQI, HADS anxiety and depression scores, natural log (IPAQ), and MSPSS as the independent variables were conducted for cancer patients and caregivers separately. RESULTS: Mean age was 57.4 (SD=10.4) and 53.7 (SD=12.5) for patients and caregivers, respectively. For patients, HADS-depression [standardized coefficient beta=-0.305, (p <.001)], natural log (IPAQ) (0.268, p<.001) and MSPSS-friend (0.154, p=.017) were significant predictors in SF-12 physical composite score (PCS). HADS-depression (-0.366, p<.001), HADS-anxiety (-0.435, p<.001) and caregiver’s MSPSS-family (0.098, p=0.021) were significant predictors in SF-12 mental composite score (MCS). For caregivers, PSQI (-0.324, p<.001), age (-0.294, p<.001), HADS-depression (-0.193, p<.001), gender of female (-0.141, p=.013) and patients’ MSPSS-total (0.115, p=.047) were found to be significant in predicting SF-12 PCS. While HADS-depression (-0.320, p<.001), PSS (-0.302, p<.001), HADS-anxiety (-0.236, p=.004) and age (0.118, p=.009) were significant predictors in SF-12 MCS. CONCLUSION: For cancer patients, depression score was a risk factor, physical activity, friends support were protective factors for cancer patients’ physical wellbeing; while depression and anxiety scores were risk factors and caregivers’ perceived family support was a protective factor in cancer patients’ mental wellbeing. For caregivers, except for patients’ perceived social support-total score as a protective factor, sleep disturbance, depression and anxiety scores, older age and female were risk factors for caregivers’ physical wellbeing. However, for caregivers’ mental wellbeing, except for older age as a protective factor, depression and anxiety scores, and high stress were risk factors.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sons Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jhome/5807-
dc.relation.ispartofPsycho-Oncology-
dc.rightsPsycho-Oncology. Copyright © John Wiley & Sons Ltd.-
dc.subjectMedical sciences-
dc.subjectOncology psychology medical sciences-
dc.subjectPsychiatry and neurology-
dc.titleSignificant determinants in predicting health-related quality of life among Chinese cancer patient and caregiver dyads in Hong Kong-
dc.typeConference_Paper-
dc.identifier.emailChan, JSM: chansm5@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChan, CLW: cecichan@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityChan, CLW=rp00579-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1099-1611.2014.3697-
dc.identifier.hkuros253691-
dc.identifier.volume23-
dc.identifier.issuesuppl. S3-
dc.identifier.spage397, abstract P3-0355-
dc.identifier.epage398-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-
dc.description.awardlink_to_OA_fulltext-

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