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Article: Does Language Dominance Affect Cognitive Performance In Bilinguals? Lifespan Evidence From Preschoolers Through Older Adults On Card Sorting, Simon, And Metalinguistic Tasks

TitleDoes Language Dominance Affect Cognitive Performance In Bilinguals? Lifespan Evidence From Preschoolers Through Older Adults On Card Sorting, Simon, And Metalinguistic Tasks
Authors
Issue Date2014
Citation
Frontiers in Psychology, 2014, v. 5, article no. 11 How to Cite?
AbstractThis study explores the extent to which a bilingual advantage can be observed for three tasks in an established population of fully fluent bilinguals from childhood through adulthood. Welsh-English simultaneous and early sequential bilinguals, as well as English monolinguals, aged 3 years through older adults, were tested on three sets of cognitive and executive function tasks. Bilinguals were Welsh-dominant, balanced, or English-dominant, with only Welsh, Welsh and English, or only English at home. Card sorting, Simon, and a metalinguistic judgment task (650, 557, and 354 participants, respectively) reveal little support for a bilingual advantage, either in relation to control or globally. Primarily there is no difference in performance across groups, but there is occasionally better performance by monolinguals or persons dominant in the language being tested, and in one case-in one condition and in one age group-lower performance by the monolinguals. The lack of evidence for a bilingual advantage in these simultaneous and early sequential bilinguals suggests the need for much closer scrutiny of what type of bilingual might demonstrate the reported effects, under what conditions, and why.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/217987

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMueller Gathercole, V C-
dc.contributor.authorThomas, E M-
dc.contributor.authorKennedy, I-
dc.contributor.authorPrys, C-
dc.contributor.authorYoung, N-
dc.contributor.authorVinas Guasch, N-
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, E J-
dc.contributor.authorHughes, E K-
dc.contributor.authorJones, L-
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-18T06:20:22Z-
dc.date.available2015-09-18T06:20:22Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationFrontiers in Psychology, 2014, v. 5, article no. 11-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/217987-
dc.description.abstractThis study explores the extent to which a bilingual advantage can be observed for three tasks in an established population of fully fluent bilinguals from childhood through adulthood. Welsh-English simultaneous and early sequential bilinguals, as well as English monolinguals, aged 3 years through older adults, were tested on three sets of cognitive and executive function tasks. Bilinguals were Welsh-dominant, balanced, or English-dominant, with only Welsh, Welsh and English, or only English at home. Card sorting, Simon, and a metalinguistic judgment task (650, 557, and 354 participants, respectively) reveal little support for a bilingual advantage, either in relation to control or globally. Primarily there is no difference in performance across groups, but there is occasionally better performance by monolinguals or persons dominant in the language being tested, and in one case-in one condition and in one age group-lower performance by the monolinguals. The lack of evidence for a bilingual advantage in these simultaneous and early sequential bilinguals suggests the need for much closer scrutiny of what type of bilingual might demonstrate the reported effects, under what conditions, and why.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers in Psychology-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThis Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. It is reproduced with permission.-
dc.titleDoes Language Dominance Affect Cognitive Performance In Bilinguals? Lifespan Evidence From Preschoolers Through Older Adults On Card Sorting, Simon, And Metalinguistic Tasks-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailVinas Guasch, N: nestorvg@hku.hk-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00011-
dc.identifier.hkuros254227-
dc.identifier.volume5-

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