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postgraduate thesis: Productive ageing in China : lifelong learning of older adults

TitleProductive ageing in China : lifelong learning of older adults
Authors
Issue Date2014
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Zhao, X. [趙忻怡]. (2014). Productive ageing in China : lifelong learning of older adults. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5312326
AbstractLearning in later life is an indispensable part of lifelong learning and an essential component of productive ageing. Through numerous research studies, the concept of lifelong learning has become widely recognised, and the positive outcomes of productive ageing have been well-documented. However, little is known about the lifelong learning of older adults in China. This research was designed to investigate the learning participation rate by Chinese elders, identify older learners’ motivation, and assess the effect of learning on older learners’ self-esteem under the framework of productive ageing. Two studies using quantitative methods were conducted to achieve the research objectives. The preliminary study used the data from the China Time Use Survey (CTUS), which was conducted in 2008 and included 13,025 participants aged between 50 and 74. The average participation rate and time in learning activities were calculated, and the influence factors of learning participation were analysed through logistic regression. Based on the results from the preliminary study, the main study focused on older learners at the Universities for the Third Age (U3As) in Changsha City, China, and it contained two sub-studies. The first sub-study was a cross-sectional study conducted in three U3As with 401 valid respondents. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was used to identify the learning motivation construct, and the social-demographic correlates with motivation and the relationship between motivation and learning participation level were investigated. In addition, the self-esteem scale SLCS-R Chinese version on older adults was constructed and validated by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The second sub-study was a panel study to compare the scores of self-esteem at the beginning and the end of a semester. Data was collected from one U3Awith 188 valid respondents in the first wave and 148 participants successfully traced in the second wave —and analysed with a paired-t test. The findings of the preliminary study revealed that the participation rate in learning by Chinese elders on an average day was only 1%, which was the lowest among five major types of productive activities. The average time use in later-life learning was 142 minutes per day by the learning participants. Age, marital status, urban or rural living, and educational attainment were significantly associated with learning participation. The main study discovered that the learning motivation for elder learners had four components, namely, achievement and fulfilment, intellectual acquisition, facing challenges, and affiliation and escape. Moreover, higher motivation was found to be related to a higher learning participation level. CFA on the Chinese version of SLCS-R showed Chinese elders’ self-esteem had three sub-dimensions: positive self-esteem, self-disliking, and self-incompetence. Finally, the results of the panel study revealed that the total score of self-esteem, the score of the positive self-esteem sub-scale, and the reverse-coded score of the self-incompetence sub-scale significantly improved after learning. The findings in this research provide preliminary information for understanding lifelong learning of Chinese older adults as a component of productive ageing. Theoretical and practical implications are interpreted, together with the limitations and recommendations for future studies.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectOlder people - Education - China
Dept/ProgramSocial Work and Social Administration
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/216339

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Xinyi-
dc.contributor.author趙忻怡-
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-11T23:10:45Z-
dc.date.available2015-09-11T23:10:45Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationZhao, X. [趙忻怡]. (2014). Productive ageing in China : lifelong learning of older adults. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5312326-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/216339-
dc.description.abstractLearning in later life is an indispensable part of lifelong learning and an essential component of productive ageing. Through numerous research studies, the concept of lifelong learning has become widely recognised, and the positive outcomes of productive ageing have been well-documented. However, little is known about the lifelong learning of older adults in China. This research was designed to investigate the learning participation rate by Chinese elders, identify older learners’ motivation, and assess the effect of learning on older learners’ self-esteem under the framework of productive ageing. Two studies using quantitative methods were conducted to achieve the research objectives. The preliminary study used the data from the China Time Use Survey (CTUS), which was conducted in 2008 and included 13,025 participants aged between 50 and 74. The average participation rate and time in learning activities were calculated, and the influence factors of learning participation were analysed through logistic regression. Based on the results from the preliminary study, the main study focused on older learners at the Universities for the Third Age (U3As) in Changsha City, China, and it contained two sub-studies. The first sub-study was a cross-sectional study conducted in three U3As with 401 valid respondents. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was used to identify the learning motivation construct, and the social-demographic correlates with motivation and the relationship between motivation and learning participation level were investigated. In addition, the self-esteem scale SLCS-R Chinese version on older adults was constructed and validated by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The second sub-study was a panel study to compare the scores of self-esteem at the beginning and the end of a semester. Data was collected from one U3Awith 188 valid respondents in the first wave and 148 participants successfully traced in the second wave —and analysed with a paired-t test. The findings of the preliminary study revealed that the participation rate in learning by Chinese elders on an average day was only 1%, which was the lowest among five major types of productive activities. The average time use in later-life learning was 142 minutes per day by the learning participants. Age, marital status, urban or rural living, and educational attainment were significantly associated with learning participation. The main study discovered that the learning motivation for elder learners had four components, namely, achievement and fulfilment, intellectual acquisition, facing challenges, and affiliation and escape. Moreover, higher motivation was found to be related to a higher learning participation level. CFA on the Chinese version of SLCS-R showed Chinese elders’ self-esteem had three sub-dimensions: positive self-esteem, self-disliking, and self-incompetence. Finally, the results of the panel study revealed that the total score of self-esteem, the score of the positive self-esteem sub-scale, and the reverse-coded score of the self-incompetence sub-scale significantly improved after learning. The findings in this research provide preliminary information for understanding lifelong learning of Chinese older adults as a component of productive ageing. Theoretical and practical implications are interpreted, together with the limitations and recommendations for future studies.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshOlder people - Education - China-
dc.titleProductive ageing in China : lifelong learning of older adults-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5312326-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineSocial Work and Social Administration-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5312326-

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