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Article: The 'Malfatti Problem' in nineteenth-century China: An episode in the study of Western learning by the Chinese

TitleThe 'Malfatti Problem' in nineteenth-century China: An episode in the study of Western learning by the Chinese
“馬爾法蒂問題”在19世紀的中國:一則中國人學習西學的小故事
Authors
Issue Date2014
PublisherScience Press (科學出版社). The Journal's web site is located at http://c.g.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical-zrkxsyj.aspx
Citation
Studies in the History of Natural Sciences, 2014, v. 33 n. 1, p. 64-69 How to Cite?
自然科學史研究, 2014, v. 33 n. 1, p. 64-69 How to Cite?
Abstract自第二次鴉片戰爭至中日甲午戰爭的三十余年間,中國展開了一場稱為'自強運動'的革新。這場革新帶動了學習西方科學技術的熱潮。1872年在《中西聞見錄》第五號刊登了一道問題:給定一個三角形,構作三個不重迭的圓,使得每個圓都與三角形的兩條邊及其余兩個圓相切。這道問題在西方世界是一道著名的數學問題,于1803年由意大利數學家馬爾法蒂(Malfatti)提出。這道題目在《中西聞見錄》提出后,引起熱切的公開學術交流。透過在該段時期對'馬爾法蒂問題'的討論歷程,可見中國學者在'自強運動'期間對學習西方科學技術的熱切追求。 The'Self-strengthening Movement'took place in China for more than thirty years between the second Opium War and the first Sino-Japanese War.This movement urged the Chinese to learn Western science and technology.Through the story of a discourse among Chinese scholars and students in solving a specific geometric problem,namely the Malfatti Problem,the enthusiasm of the Chinese in learning Western science and technology during the'Self-strengthening Movement'is illustrated.In 1872,a problem published in Issue Number 5 of the Peking Magazine asked for three non-overlapping circles placed inside a given triangle,each touching two sides of the triangle as well as the other two circles.This well-known problem in the Western world,proposed in 1803 by the Italian mathematician Gian Francesco Malfatti,led to a fervent exchange of academic discussion carried on in the public domain after its appearance in the Peking Magazine.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/214209
ISSN

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChan, YC-
dc.contributor.authorSiu, MK-
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-21T10:54:12Z-
dc.date.available2015-08-21T10:54:12Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationStudies in the History of Natural Sciences, 2014, v. 33 n. 1, p. 64-69-
dc.identifier.citation自然科學史研究, 2014, v. 33 n. 1, p. 64-69-
dc.identifier.issn1000-0224-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/214209-
dc.description.abstract自第二次鴉片戰爭至中日甲午戰爭的三十余年間,中國展開了一場稱為'自強運動'的革新。這場革新帶動了學習西方科學技術的熱潮。1872年在《中西聞見錄》第五號刊登了一道問題:給定一個三角形,構作三個不重迭的圓,使得每個圓都與三角形的兩條邊及其余兩個圓相切。這道問題在西方世界是一道著名的數學問題,于1803年由意大利數學家馬爾法蒂(Malfatti)提出。這道題目在《中西聞見錄》提出后,引起熱切的公開學術交流。透過在該段時期對'馬爾法蒂問題'的討論歷程,可見中國學者在'自強運動'期間對學習西方科學技術的熱切追求。 The'Self-strengthening Movement'took place in China for more than thirty years between the second Opium War and the first Sino-Japanese War.This movement urged the Chinese to learn Western science and technology.Through the story of a discourse among Chinese scholars and students in solving a specific geometric problem,namely the Malfatti Problem,the enthusiasm of the Chinese in learning Western science and technology during the'Self-strengthening Movement'is illustrated.In 1872,a problem published in Issue Number 5 of the Peking Magazine asked for three non-overlapping circles placed inside a given triangle,each touching two sides of the triangle as well as the other two circles.This well-known problem in the Western world,proposed in 1803 by the Italian mathematician Gian Francesco Malfatti,led to a fervent exchange of academic discussion carried on in the public domain after its appearance in the Peking Magazine.-
dc.languagechi-
dc.publisherScience Press (科學出版社). The Journal's web site is located at http://c.g.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical-zrkxsyj.aspx-
dc.relation.ispartofStudies in the History of Natural Sciences-
dc.relation.ispartof自然科學史研究-
dc.titleThe 'Malfatti Problem' in nineteenth-century China: An episode in the study of Western learning by the Chinese-
dc.title“馬爾法蒂問題”在19世紀的中國:一則中國人學習西學的小故事-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailSiu, MK: mathsiu@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.doi10.3969/j.issn.1000-0224.2014.01.006-
dc.identifier.hkuros249994-
dc.identifier.volume33-
dc.identifier.issue1-
dc.identifier.spage64-
dc.identifier.epage69-
dc.publisher.placeChina-

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