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Article: Numerical study on coalescence of two pre-existing coplanar flaws in rock

TitleNumerical study on coalescence of two pre-existing coplanar flaws in rock
Authors
KeywordsPre-existing coplanar flaws
AUTODYN
Coalescence
Inclination angle
Ligament length
Issue Date2013
Citation
International Journal of Solids and Structures, 2013, v. 50, n. 22-23, p. 3685-3706 How to Cite?
AbstractCrack propagation and coalescence processes are the fundamental mechanisms leading to progressive failure processes in rock masses, in which parallel non-persistent rock joints are commonly involved. The coalescence behavior of the latter, which are represented as pre-existing coplanar flaws (cracks), is numerically investigated in the present study. By using AUTODYN as the numerical tool, the present study systematically simulates the coalescence of two pre-existing coplanar flaws in rock under compression. The cumulative damage failure criterion is adopted in the numerical models to simulate the cumulative damage process in the crack initiation and propagation. The crack types (shear or tensile) are identified by analyzing the mechanics information associated with the crack initiation and propagation processes. The simulation results, which are generally in a good accordance with physical experimental results, indicate that the ligament length and the flaw inclination angle have a great influence on the coalescence pattern. The coalescence pattern is relatively simple for the flaw arrangements with a short ligament length, which becomes more complicated for those with a long ligament length. The coalescence trajectory is composed of shear cracks only when the flaw inclination angle is small (such as β ≤ 30). When the pre-existing flaws are steep (such as β ≥ 75), the coalescence trajectory is composed of tensile cracks as well as shear cracks. When the inclination angle is close to the failure angle of the corresponding intact rock material, and the ligament length is not long (such as L ≤ 2a), the direct shear coalescence is the more favorable coalescence pattern. In the special case that the two pre-existing flaws are vertical, the model will have a direct tensile coalescence pattern when the ligament length is short (L ≤ a), while the coalescence between the two inner flaw tips is not easy to achieve if the ligament length is long (L ≥ 2a). © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/214011
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.081
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.597

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWong, Louis Ngai Yuen-
dc.contributor.authorLi, Huan Qiang-
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-19T13:41:32Z-
dc.date.available2015-08-19T13:41:32Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Solids and Structures, 2013, v. 50, n. 22-23, p. 3685-3706-
dc.identifier.issn0020-7683-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/214011-
dc.description.abstractCrack propagation and coalescence processes are the fundamental mechanisms leading to progressive failure processes in rock masses, in which parallel non-persistent rock joints are commonly involved. The coalescence behavior of the latter, which are represented as pre-existing coplanar flaws (cracks), is numerically investigated in the present study. By using AUTODYN as the numerical tool, the present study systematically simulates the coalescence of two pre-existing coplanar flaws in rock under compression. The cumulative damage failure criterion is adopted in the numerical models to simulate the cumulative damage process in the crack initiation and propagation. The crack types (shear or tensile) are identified by analyzing the mechanics information associated with the crack initiation and propagation processes. The simulation results, which are generally in a good accordance with physical experimental results, indicate that the ligament length and the flaw inclination angle have a great influence on the coalescence pattern. The coalescence pattern is relatively simple for the flaw arrangements with a short ligament length, which becomes more complicated for those with a long ligament length. The coalescence trajectory is composed of shear cracks only when the flaw inclination angle is small (such as β ≤ 30). When the pre-existing flaws are steep (such as β ≥ 75), the coalescence trajectory is composed of tensile cracks as well as shear cracks. When the inclination angle is close to the failure angle of the corresponding intact rock material, and the ligament length is not long (such as L ≤ 2a), the direct shear coalescence is the more favorable coalescence pattern. In the special case that the two pre-existing flaws are vertical, the model will have a direct tensile coalescence pattern when the ligament length is short (L ≤ a), while the coalescence between the two inner flaw tips is not easy to achieve if the ligament length is long (L ≥ 2a). © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Solids and Structures-
dc.subjectPre-existing coplanar flaws-
dc.subjectAUTODYN-
dc.subjectCoalescence-
dc.subjectInclination angle-
dc.subjectLigament length-
dc.titleNumerical study on coalescence of two pre-existing coplanar flaws in rock-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2013.07.010-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84883152480-
dc.identifier.hkuros259278-
dc.identifier.volume50-
dc.identifier.issue22-23-
dc.identifier.spage3685-
dc.identifier.epage3706-

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