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Article: Experimental studies on permeability of intact and singly jointed meta-sedimentary rocks under confining pressure

TitleExperimental studies on permeability of intact and singly jointed meta-sedimentary rocks under confining pressure
Authors
KeywordsIntact rock
Stress
Meta-sedimentary rock
Permeability
Rock cavern
Singly jointed rock
Issue Date2013
Citation
Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, 2013, v. 46, n. 1, p. 107-121 How to Cite?
AbstractThree different types of permeability tests were conducted on 23 intact and singly jointed rock specimens, which were cored from rock blocks collected from a rock cavern under construction in Singapore. The studied rock types belong to inter-bedded meta-sandstone and meta-siltstone with very low porosity and high uniaxial compressive strength. The transient pulse water flow method was employed to measure the permeability of intact meta-sandstone under a confining pressure up to 30 MPa. It showed that the magnitude order of meta-sandstone's intrinsic permeability is about 10-18 m2. The steady-state gas flow method was used to measure the permeability of both intact meta-siltstone and meta-sandstone in a triaxial cell under different confining pressures spanning from 2.5 to 10 MPa. The measured permeability of both rock types ranged from 10-21 to 10-20 m2. The influence of a single natural joint on the permeability of both rock types was studied by using the steady-state water flow method under different confining pressures spanning from 1.25 to 5.0 MPa, including loading and unloading phases. The measured permeability of both jointed rocks ranged from 10-13 to 10-11 m2, where the permeability of jointed meta-siltstone was usually slightly lower than that of jointed meta-sandstone. The permeability of jointed rocks decreases with increasing confining pressure, which can be well fitted by an empirical power law relationship between the permeability and confining pressure or effective pressure. The permeability of partly open cracked specimens is lower than that of open cracked specimens, but it is higher than that of the specimen with a dominant vein for the meta-sandstone under the same confining pressure. The permeability of open cracked rock specimens will partially recover during the unloading confining pressure process. The equivalent crack (joint) aperture is as narrow as a magnitude order of 10-6 m (1 μm) in the rock specimens under confining pressures spanning from 1.25 to 5.0 MPa, which represent the typical ground stress conditions in the cavern. The in situ hydraulic conductivity measurements conducted in six boreholes by the injection test showed that the in situ permeability of rock mass varies between 10-18 and 10 -11 m2. The lower bound of the in situ permeability is larger than that of the present laboratory-tested intact rock specimens, while the upper bound of the in situ permeability is less than that of the present laboratory-tested jointed rock specimens. The in situ permeability test results were thus compatible with our present laboratory permeability results of both intact and jointed rock specimens. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/213988
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.386
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.939

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWong, Louis Ngai Yuen-
dc.contributor.authorLi, Diyuan-
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Gang-
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-19T13:41:27Z-
dc.date.available2015-08-19T13:41:27Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationRock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, 2013, v. 46, n. 1, p. 107-121-
dc.identifier.issn0723-2632-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/213988-
dc.description.abstractThree different types of permeability tests were conducted on 23 intact and singly jointed rock specimens, which were cored from rock blocks collected from a rock cavern under construction in Singapore. The studied rock types belong to inter-bedded meta-sandstone and meta-siltstone with very low porosity and high uniaxial compressive strength. The transient pulse water flow method was employed to measure the permeability of intact meta-sandstone under a confining pressure up to 30 MPa. It showed that the magnitude order of meta-sandstone's intrinsic permeability is about 10-18 m2. The steady-state gas flow method was used to measure the permeability of both intact meta-siltstone and meta-sandstone in a triaxial cell under different confining pressures spanning from 2.5 to 10 MPa. The measured permeability of both rock types ranged from 10-21 to 10-20 m2. The influence of a single natural joint on the permeability of both rock types was studied by using the steady-state water flow method under different confining pressures spanning from 1.25 to 5.0 MPa, including loading and unloading phases. The measured permeability of both jointed rocks ranged from 10-13 to 10-11 m2, where the permeability of jointed meta-siltstone was usually slightly lower than that of jointed meta-sandstone. The permeability of jointed rocks decreases with increasing confining pressure, which can be well fitted by an empirical power law relationship between the permeability and confining pressure or effective pressure. The permeability of partly open cracked specimens is lower than that of open cracked specimens, but it is higher than that of the specimen with a dominant vein for the meta-sandstone under the same confining pressure. The permeability of open cracked rock specimens will partially recover during the unloading confining pressure process. The equivalent crack (joint) aperture is as narrow as a magnitude order of 10-6 m (1 μm) in the rock specimens under confining pressures spanning from 1.25 to 5.0 MPa, which represent the typical ground stress conditions in the cavern. The in situ hydraulic conductivity measurements conducted in six boreholes by the injection test showed that the in situ permeability of rock mass varies between 10-18 and 10 -11 m2. The lower bound of the in situ permeability is larger than that of the present laboratory-tested intact rock specimens, while the upper bound of the in situ permeability is less than that of the present laboratory-tested jointed rock specimens. The in situ permeability test results were thus compatible with our present laboratory permeability results of both intact and jointed rock specimens. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofRock Mechanics and Rock Engineering-
dc.subjectIntact rock-
dc.subjectStress-
dc.subjectMeta-sedimentary rock-
dc.subjectPermeability-
dc.subjectRock cavern-
dc.subjectSingly jointed rock-
dc.titleExperimental studies on permeability of intact and singly jointed meta-sedimentary rocks under confining pressure-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s00603-012-0251-0-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84872353701-
dc.identifier.hkuros259290-
dc.identifier.volume46-
dc.identifier.issue1-
dc.identifier.spage107-
dc.identifier.epage121-

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