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Article: Leaderless resistance and ideological inclusion: The case of the earth liberation front

TitleLeaderless resistance and ideological inclusion: The case of the earth liberation front
Authors
KeywordsLeaderless resistance
Terrorism
Earth first!
Earth Liberation Front (ELF)
Eco-terrorism (ecoterrorism)
Environmentalism
Radical environmentalism
Issue Date2007
Citation
Terrorism and Political Violence, 2007, v. 19, n. 3, p. 351-368 How to Cite?
AbstractLeaderless resistance is a strategy of opposition that allows for and encourages individuals or small cells to engage in acts of political violence entirely independent of any hierarchy of leadership or network of support. This article examines the development of the leaderless resistance strategy by the radical right and more recently by the radical environmentalist movement. While both movements use leaderless resistance to avoid detection, infiltration, and prosecution by the state, environmental groups like the Earth Liberation Front (ELF) benefit additionally because of the ideological inclusiveness that leaderless resistance fosters. Historically, ideological cleavages have rendered radical environmental groups such as Earth First! less effective than they would have been otherwise. Using leaderless resistance, however, the ELF eliminates all ideology extraneous to the specific cause of halting the degradation of nature. This elimination enables the ELF to mobilize a greater number of "direct actions.".
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/213909
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.933
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.823

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorJoosse, Paul-
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-19T13:41:10Z-
dc.date.available2015-08-19T13:41:10Z-
dc.date.issued2007-
dc.identifier.citationTerrorism and Political Violence, 2007, v. 19, n. 3, p. 351-368-
dc.identifier.issn0954-6553-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/213909-
dc.description.abstractLeaderless resistance is a strategy of opposition that allows for and encourages individuals or small cells to engage in acts of political violence entirely independent of any hierarchy of leadership or network of support. This article examines the development of the leaderless resistance strategy by the radical right and more recently by the radical environmentalist movement. While both movements use leaderless resistance to avoid detection, infiltration, and prosecution by the state, environmental groups like the Earth Liberation Front (ELF) benefit additionally because of the ideological inclusiveness that leaderless resistance fosters. Historically, ideological cleavages have rendered radical environmental groups such as Earth First! less effective than they would have been otherwise. Using leaderless resistance, however, the ELF eliminates all ideology extraneous to the specific cause of halting the degradation of nature. This elimination enables the ELF to mobilize a greater number of "direct actions.".-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofTerrorism and Political Violence-
dc.subjectLeaderless resistance-
dc.subjectTerrorism-
dc.subjectEarth first!-
dc.subjectEarth Liberation Front (ELF)-
dc.subjectEco-terrorism (ecoterrorism)-
dc.subjectEnvironmentalism-
dc.subjectRadical environmentalism-
dc.titleLeaderless resistance and ideological inclusion: The case of the earth liberation front-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/09546550701424042-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-34547225004-
dc.identifier.volume19-
dc.identifier.issue3-
dc.identifier.spage351-
dc.identifier.epage368-
dc.identifier.eissn1556-1836-

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