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postgraduate thesis: Identification of epigenetic biomarkers for diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and determination of WIF1 functional relevance

TitleIdentification of epigenetic biomarkers for diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and determination of WIF1 functional relevance
Authors
Issue Date2014
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Yang, X. [楊雪松]. (2014). Identification of epigenetic biomarkers for diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and determination of WIF1 functional relevance. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5435658
AbstractNasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is closely associated with Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV).Early diagnosis of NPC will improve the overall survival. However, traditional EBV markers do not perform well in high-risk individuals or for early detection of NPC. Aberrant promoter hypermethylation of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) is an important epigenetic change in early tumorigenesis. This study identified a promising panel of methylation markers for early detection of NPC and assessed the clinical usefulness of these markers using nasopharyngeal (NP) brushing and blood specimens. Methylation-sensitive high resolution melting (MS-HRM) assays were carried out to assess the methylation status of a selected panel of four TSGs (RASSF1A, WIF1, DAPK1, RAR2)in biopsies, NP brushings and cell-free plasma from NPC patients. NP brushing and blood samples from high-risk and cancer-free groups were used as controls. The DNA methylation panel showed higher sensitivity and specificity than the EBV DNA markerincell-free plasma for early stage (Iand II) NPC (sensitivity: 64.6% vs. 51.2% and specificity: 96.0% vs. 88.0%, respectively). In combination with plasma EBV DNA, testing for DNA methylation in plasma and NP brushings using the four-gene MS-HRM test significantly increased the detection rate for all stages of NPC(94.1% for stages I-II, 98.4% for stages III-IV) as well as recurrence(93.5%). Aberrant activation of the Wnt signaling pathway is a common mechanism for cell transformation and tumor development in a variety of human cancers. A high frequency of promoter hypermethylation of WIF1was observed in NPC cell lines (100%), primary tumor biopsies(89.7%), NP brushings (80.2%), and cell-free plasma (51.8%),with no significant correlation with NPC stage. Simultaneously, expression of WIF1 was completely silenced in NPC cell lines (HONE1, HK1, HNE1, SUNE1, CNE1, CNE2, and C666),but not in immortalized NP epithelial cells (NP460 and NP69). These together suggested an important role of WIF1 in NPC development. In vitro and in vivo functional assays revealed a tumor suppressive role of WIF1in NPC. Restoration of WIF1expression in NPC cells significantly suppressed anchorage-independent growth, in vivo tumorigenicity, invasion, migration, and angiogenesis of NPC cells. A number of important angiogenesis-related genes were down-regulated by WIF1expression, including IL6,IL8,VEGF165,VEGFA, PDGFB, and MCP1. There is inhibition of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, manifested as decreased β-catenin expression and TCF/LEF Wnt promoter activity. These data indicated the important regulatory role of Wnt signaling pathway in NPC tumorigenicity, invasion, migration, and angiogenesis, by interacting with the complex signaling network in NPC cells. To conclude, the MS-HRM assay on the selected gene panel in combination with the EBV DNA test, increases the sensitivity for NPC detection at an early stage and detection of recurrence and has great potential to become a non-invasive test for early diagnosis and disease monitoring after treatment. Collectively, results from this study reveal that WIF1is not only a sensitive biomarker, but also a tumor suppressor gene in NPC. Understanding the molecular regulatory role ofWIF1in NPC will facilitate the diagnosis of NPC, and development of novel NPC therapeutic strategy.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectNasopharynx - Cancer - Diagnosis
Wnt genes
Tumor markers
Epigenesis
Wnt proteins
Dept/ProgramClinical Oncology
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/209492

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYang, Xuesong-
dc.contributor.author楊雪松-
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-23T23:10:52Z-
dc.date.available2015-04-23T23:10:52Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationYang, X. [楊雪松]. (2014). Identification of epigenetic biomarkers for diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and determination of WIF1 functional relevance. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5435658-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/209492-
dc.description.abstractNasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is closely associated with Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV).Early diagnosis of NPC will improve the overall survival. However, traditional EBV markers do not perform well in high-risk individuals or for early detection of NPC. Aberrant promoter hypermethylation of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) is an important epigenetic change in early tumorigenesis. This study identified a promising panel of methylation markers for early detection of NPC and assessed the clinical usefulness of these markers using nasopharyngeal (NP) brushing and blood specimens. Methylation-sensitive high resolution melting (MS-HRM) assays were carried out to assess the methylation status of a selected panel of four TSGs (RASSF1A, WIF1, DAPK1, RAR2)in biopsies, NP brushings and cell-free plasma from NPC patients. NP brushing and blood samples from high-risk and cancer-free groups were used as controls. The DNA methylation panel showed higher sensitivity and specificity than the EBV DNA markerincell-free plasma for early stage (Iand II) NPC (sensitivity: 64.6% vs. 51.2% and specificity: 96.0% vs. 88.0%, respectively). In combination with plasma EBV DNA, testing for DNA methylation in plasma and NP brushings using the four-gene MS-HRM test significantly increased the detection rate for all stages of NPC(94.1% for stages I-II, 98.4% for stages III-IV) as well as recurrence(93.5%). Aberrant activation of the Wnt signaling pathway is a common mechanism for cell transformation and tumor development in a variety of human cancers. A high frequency of promoter hypermethylation of WIF1was observed in NPC cell lines (100%), primary tumor biopsies(89.7%), NP brushings (80.2%), and cell-free plasma (51.8%),with no significant correlation with NPC stage. Simultaneously, expression of WIF1 was completely silenced in NPC cell lines (HONE1, HK1, HNE1, SUNE1, CNE1, CNE2, and C666),but not in immortalized NP epithelial cells (NP460 and NP69). These together suggested an important role of WIF1 in NPC development. In vitro and in vivo functional assays revealed a tumor suppressive role of WIF1in NPC. Restoration of WIF1expression in NPC cells significantly suppressed anchorage-independent growth, in vivo tumorigenicity, invasion, migration, and angiogenesis of NPC cells. A number of important angiogenesis-related genes were down-regulated by WIF1expression, including IL6,IL8,VEGF165,VEGFA, PDGFB, and MCP1. There is inhibition of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, manifested as decreased β-catenin expression and TCF/LEF Wnt promoter activity. These data indicated the important regulatory role of Wnt signaling pathway in NPC tumorigenicity, invasion, migration, and angiogenesis, by interacting with the complex signaling network in NPC cells. To conclude, the MS-HRM assay on the selected gene panel in combination with the EBV DNA test, increases the sensitivity for NPC detection at an early stage and detection of recurrence and has great potential to become a non-invasive test for early diagnosis and disease monitoring after treatment. Collectively, results from this study reveal that WIF1is not only a sensitive biomarker, but also a tumor suppressor gene in NPC. Understanding the molecular regulatory role ofWIF1in NPC will facilitate the diagnosis of NPC, and development of novel NPC therapeutic strategy.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshNasopharynx - Cancer - Diagnosis-
dc.subject.lcshWnt genes-
dc.subject.lcshTumor markers-
dc.subject.lcshEpigenesis-
dc.subject.lcshWnt proteins-
dc.titleIdentification of epigenetic biomarkers for diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and determination of WIF1 functional relevance-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5435658-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineClinical Oncology-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5435658-

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