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Article: SRY interference of normal regulation of the RET gene suggests a potential role of the Y-chromosome gene in sexual dimorphism in Hirschsprung disease

TitleSRY interference of normal regulation of the RET gene suggests a potential role of the Y-chromosome gene in sexual dimorphism in Hirschsprung disease
Authors
Issue Date2015
PublisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://hmg.oxfordjournals.org/
Citation
Human Molecular Genetics, 2015, v. 24 n. 3, p. 685-697 How to Cite?
AbstractThe Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a complex congenital disorder, arising from abnormalities in enteric nervous system (ENS) development. There is a gender disparity among the patients, with the male to female ratio as high as 5 : 1. Loss-of-function mutations of HSCR genes and haploinsufficiency of their gene products are the primary pathogenic mechanisms for disease development. Recent studies identified over half of the HSCR disease susceptibility genes as targets for the sex-determining factor SRY, suggesting that this Y-encoded transcription factor could be involved in sexual dimorphism in HSCR. Among the SRY targets, the tyrosine kinase receptor RET represents the most important disease gene, whose mutations account for half of the familial and up to one-third of the sporadic forms of HSCR. RET is regulated by a distal and a proximal enhancer at its promoter, in which PAX3 and NKX2-1 are the resident transcription factors respectively. We show that the SRY-box 10 (SOX10) co-activator interacts and forms transcriptional complexes with PAX3 and NKX2-1 in a sequence-independent manner and exacerbates their respective transactivation activities on the RET promoter. SRY competitively displaces SOX10 in such transcription complexes and represses their regulatory functions on RET. Hence SRY could be a Y-located negative modifier of RET expression; and if it is ectopically expressed during ENS development, such SRY repression could result in RET protein haploinsufficiency and promotion of HSCR development, thereby contributing to sexual dimorphism in HSCR. Published by Oxford University Press 2014. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/208292
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 5.985
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 4.288
PubMed Central ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLi, Y-
dc.contributor.authorKido, T-
dc.contributor.authorGarcia-Barcelo, MM-
dc.contributor.authorTam, PKH-
dc.contributor.authorTabatabai, L-
dc.contributor.authorLau, YFC-
dc.date.accessioned2015-02-23T08:18:40Z-
dc.date.available2015-02-23T08:18:40Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationHuman Molecular Genetics, 2015, v. 24 n. 3, p. 685-697-
dc.identifier.issn0964-6906-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/208292-
dc.description.abstractThe Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a complex congenital disorder, arising from abnormalities in enteric nervous system (ENS) development. There is a gender disparity among the patients, with the male to female ratio as high as 5 : 1. Loss-of-function mutations of HSCR genes and haploinsufficiency of their gene products are the primary pathogenic mechanisms for disease development. Recent studies identified over half of the HSCR disease susceptibility genes as targets for the sex-determining factor SRY, suggesting that this Y-encoded transcription factor could be involved in sexual dimorphism in HSCR. Among the SRY targets, the tyrosine kinase receptor RET represents the most important disease gene, whose mutations account for half of the familial and up to one-third of the sporadic forms of HSCR. RET is regulated by a distal and a proximal enhancer at its promoter, in which PAX3 and NKX2-1 are the resident transcription factors respectively. We show that the SRY-box 10 (SOX10) co-activator interacts and forms transcriptional complexes with PAX3 and NKX2-1 in a sequence-independent manner and exacerbates their respective transactivation activities on the RET promoter. SRY competitively displaces SOX10 in such transcription complexes and represses their regulatory functions on RET. Hence SRY could be a Y-located negative modifier of RET expression; and if it is ectopically expressed during ENS development, such SRY repression could result in RET protein haploinsufficiency and promotion of HSCR development, thereby contributing to sexual dimorphism in HSCR. Published by Oxford University Press 2014. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://hmg.oxfordjournals.org/-
dc.relation.ispartofHuman Molecular Genetics-
dc.titleSRY interference of normal regulation of the RET gene suggests a potential role of the Y-chromosome gene in sexual dimorphism in Hirschsprung disease-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailGarcia-Barcelo, MM: mmgarcia@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailTam, PKH: paultam@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityGarcia-Barcelo, MM=rp00445-
dc.identifier.authorityTam, PKH=rp00060-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/hmg/ddu488-
dc.identifier.pmid25267720-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC4291247-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84922435377-
dc.identifier.hkuros242449-
dc.identifier.volume24-
dc.identifier.issue3-
dc.identifier.spage685-
dc.identifier.epage697-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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