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postgraduate thesis: Design and synthesis of boron (III)-containing dithienylethenes--from multi-addressable and gated photochromism to photoswitchable luminescence functions

TitleDesign and synthesis of boron (III)-containing dithienylethenes--from multi-addressable and gated photochromism to photoswitchable luminescence functions
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Yam, VWW
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Poon, C. [潘俊廷]. (2012). Design and synthesis of boron (III)-containing dithienylethenes--from multi-addressable and gated photochromism to photoswitchable luminescence functions. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4723401
AbstractA series of photochromic dithienylethene-containing triarylboranes has been synthesized and characterized. The X-ray crystal structure of (4,5-bis(2,5-dimethylthiophen-3-yl)-thiophen-2-yl)dimesitylborane has been determined. An intense electronic absorption band was observed in all the triarylborane-containing compounds, corresponding to the intramolecular charge-transfer transition from the π-conjugated thiophene / fused thiophene / bithiophene to the vacant pπorbital of boron. This class of compounds was also found to bind fluoride ion such that the trigonal planar geometry of the boron center would be changed to tetrahedral, leading to a significant perturbation in the photophysical properties. Upon photo-excitation into the transition band, (4,5-bis(2,5-dimethylthiophen-3-yl)-thiophen-2-yl)dimesityl- borane and (4,5-bis-(2,5-dimethylthiophen-3-yl)-thieno[3,2-b]thiophen-2-yl)- dimesitylborane displayed multi-addressable photochromic reactivities upon addition of fluoride, in which a green solution was found in the closed form of the unbound compounds, while they changed to a purple color upon fluoride binding. Interestingly, both (4',5'-bis(2,5-dimethyl-thiophen-3-yl)-2,2'- bithiophen-5-yl)dimesitylborane and (4',5'-bis(2,5-dimethyl-thiophen-3-yl)-2,2'- bithiophen-3-yl)dimesitylborane displayed gated photochromic reactivities upon addition of fluoride, while only typical photochromic reactivity was observed in (4',5'-bis(2,5-dimethyl-thiophen-3-yl)-2,2'-bithiophen-4-yl)- dimesitylborane, indicative of a strong influence of the substituent effect on the photochromic reactivity upon incorporation of the -BMes2 group. A series of photochromic dithienylethene-containing β-diketones and the corresponding boron(III) compounds, appended with -BF2, -B(C6F5)2 and -BPh2, have been designed and synthesized. Upon photo-excitation into the transition band, typical photochromism was observed in all the dithienylethene- containing β-diketone ligands with the color changed from pale yellow to green in degassed benzene solution. Upon incorporation of the -BF2 and -B(C6F5)2 groups, near-infrared responsive photochromic behavior was observed, in which the absorption of the closed form was found to be at ca. 758-863 nm, suggesting that a pronounced perturbation of the dithienylethene was achieved by coordination of the boron(III) center. Moreover, a significant reduction in luminescence intensity of over 90 % was observed upon photocyclization, indicative of their potential application as photoswitchable luminescence materials. The thermal stability of the closed form and the activation energy for the thermal cycloreversion have also been studied on the representative compounds, 1-(4,5-bis(2,5-dimethylthiophen-3-yl)thiophen-2- yl)-butane-1,3-dione and difluoroboryl(1-(4,5-bis(2,5-dimethylthiophen-3-yl)- thiophen-2-yl)butane-1,3-dionate). A series of photochromic dithienylethene-containing BODIPY has been successfully prepared and characterized. The electronic absorption properties have been studied. These compounds showed an intense visible absorption band, corresponding to the 0-0 band of a strong S0→S1 transition of the BODIPY core, with a weak and broad absorption band at higher energy, corresponding to the S0→ S2 transition of the BODIPY core. An absorption band in the UV region was also observed in 2,3-bis(2,5-dimethyl- thiophen-3-yl)thiophene-containing derivatives, corresponding to the π→π* transitions of the dithienylethene moiety. The photochromic reactivities have also been studied such that the photostationary state was found to be reached upon irradiation in the UV region for over eight hours, while no observable changes would be obtained upon photo-excitation in the visible region. The slow conversion rate has been suggested to be attributed to the fact that a rapid excitation energy transfer could occur from the excited Th-DTE to the BODIPY moiety, rendering the suppression of the photocyclization.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectBoron compounds - Synthesis
Photochromism
Ethylene compounds - Synthesis
Dept/ProgramChemistry
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/207983

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorYam, VWW-
dc.contributor.authorPoon, Chun-ting-
dc.contributor.author潘俊廷-
dc.date.accessioned2015-01-30T23:11:05Z-
dc.date.available2015-01-30T23:11:05Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationPoon, C. [潘俊廷]. (2012). Design and synthesis of boron (III)-containing dithienylethenes--from multi-addressable and gated photochromism to photoswitchable luminescence functions. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4723401-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/207983-
dc.description.abstractA series of photochromic dithienylethene-containing triarylboranes has been synthesized and characterized. The X-ray crystal structure of (4,5-bis(2,5-dimethylthiophen-3-yl)-thiophen-2-yl)dimesitylborane has been determined. An intense electronic absorption band was observed in all the triarylborane-containing compounds, corresponding to the intramolecular charge-transfer transition from the π-conjugated thiophene / fused thiophene / bithiophene to the vacant pπorbital of boron. This class of compounds was also found to bind fluoride ion such that the trigonal planar geometry of the boron center would be changed to tetrahedral, leading to a significant perturbation in the photophysical properties. Upon photo-excitation into the transition band, (4,5-bis(2,5-dimethylthiophen-3-yl)-thiophen-2-yl)dimesityl- borane and (4,5-bis-(2,5-dimethylthiophen-3-yl)-thieno[3,2-b]thiophen-2-yl)- dimesitylborane displayed multi-addressable photochromic reactivities upon addition of fluoride, in which a green solution was found in the closed form of the unbound compounds, while they changed to a purple color upon fluoride binding. Interestingly, both (4',5'-bis(2,5-dimethyl-thiophen-3-yl)-2,2'- bithiophen-5-yl)dimesitylborane and (4',5'-bis(2,5-dimethyl-thiophen-3-yl)-2,2'- bithiophen-3-yl)dimesitylborane displayed gated photochromic reactivities upon addition of fluoride, while only typical photochromic reactivity was observed in (4',5'-bis(2,5-dimethyl-thiophen-3-yl)-2,2'-bithiophen-4-yl)- dimesitylborane, indicative of a strong influence of the substituent effect on the photochromic reactivity upon incorporation of the -BMes2 group. A series of photochromic dithienylethene-containing β-diketones and the corresponding boron(III) compounds, appended with -BF2, -B(C6F5)2 and -BPh2, have been designed and synthesized. Upon photo-excitation into the transition band, typical photochromism was observed in all the dithienylethene- containing β-diketone ligands with the color changed from pale yellow to green in degassed benzene solution. Upon incorporation of the -BF2 and -B(C6F5)2 groups, near-infrared responsive photochromic behavior was observed, in which the absorption of the closed form was found to be at ca. 758-863 nm, suggesting that a pronounced perturbation of the dithienylethene was achieved by coordination of the boron(III) center. Moreover, a significant reduction in luminescence intensity of over 90 % was observed upon photocyclization, indicative of their potential application as photoswitchable luminescence materials. The thermal stability of the closed form and the activation energy for the thermal cycloreversion have also been studied on the representative compounds, 1-(4,5-bis(2,5-dimethylthiophen-3-yl)thiophen-2- yl)-butane-1,3-dione and difluoroboryl(1-(4,5-bis(2,5-dimethylthiophen-3-yl)- thiophen-2-yl)butane-1,3-dionate). A series of photochromic dithienylethene-containing BODIPY has been successfully prepared and characterized. The electronic absorption properties have been studied. These compounds showed an intense visible absorption band, corresponding to the 0-0 band of a strong S0→S1 transition of the BODIPY core, with a weak and broad absorption band at higher energy, corresponding to the S0→ S2 transition of the BODIPY core. An absorption band in the UV region was also observed in 2,3-bis(2,5-dimethyl- thiophen-3-yl)thiophene-containing derivatives, corresponding to the π→π* transitions of the dithienylethene moiety. The photochromic reactivities have also been studied such that the photostationary state was found to be reached upon irradiation in the UV region for over eight hours, while no observable changes would be obtained upon photo-excitation in the visible region. The slow conversion rate has been suggested to be attributed to the fact that a rapid excitation energy transfer could occur from the excited Th-DTE to the BODIPY moiety, rendering the suppression of the photocyclization.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshBoron compounds - Synthesis-
dc.subject.lcshPhotochromism-
dc.subject.lcshEthylene compounds - Synthesis-
dc.titleDesign and synthesis of boron (III)-containing dithienylethenes--from multi-addressable and gated photochromism to photoswitchable luminescence functions-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4723401-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineChemistry-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4723401-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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