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postgraduate thesis: Effects of notoginsenoside R1 against glutamate neurotoxicity in vitro and on mice brain following ischemic stroke in vivo

TitleEffects of notoginsenoside R1 against glutamate neurotoxicity in vitro and on mice brain following ischemic stroke in vivo
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Wu, W
Issue Date2014
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Qi, C. [亓传洁]. (2014). Effects of notoginsenoside R1 against glutamate neurotoxicity in vitro and on mice brain following ischemic stroke in vivo. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5317020
AbstractIschemic stroke is a leading cause of disability and death around the world. Higher concentration of glutamate following ischemic stroke is a factor leading to cell death, including neural stem cell death. Up to now no effective treatments of ischemic stroke are available. Notoginsenoside R1 (Noto R1) is the main component of Panax notoginseng, which is a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Its protective effects on the neural cell were noted recently. The main purpose of this experimental study was to investigate the mechanism of Noto R1 against glutamate neurotoxicity on primary cultured mouse cortical neural stem cells in vitro, and its effects on ischemic stroke on mice brain in vivo. In the in vitro part, primary culture of neural stem cells was prepared from 12.5-day-old C57BL/6N mice embryos cortex. Neural stem cells were confirmed by nestin-staining and differentiation study afterwards. Then neural stem cells were incubated with Noto R1 and glutamate for 24 hours. Cells were fixed for TUNEL staining and caspase-3 staining. Protein was collected for western blot for Bax, Bcl-2, phos-AKT, JNK/SAPK, and phospho-p38 MAPK. Results showed that glutamate has cytotoxicity in a dose-dependent manner on neural stem cells. Noto R1 showed remarkable neuro-protective effects on neural stem cells exposed to excessive glutamate by higher viability. Noto R1 significantly reduced caspase-3 expression and TUNEL-positive cells. Furthermore, Noto R1 increased the protein expression of Bcl-2 and phospho-AKT, and reduced Bax expression. Moreover apoptosis pathway study showed phospho-p38 expression was suppressed in the Noto R1 group. In the in vivo part, Noto R1 was administrated systemically to mice of MCAo followed by reperfusion. Behavior score and viability rate were assessed before sacrifice. TTC staining was performed for evaluating infarct area, volume and edema. H&E staining was applied for histological examination. TUNEL staining, IHC staining of Nestin, AQP4 and GFAP were performed. In the first part of Noto R1 of 40 mg/kg or PBS was injected into venous at the onset of blood vessel occlusion for 2 hours, and then followed by 22 hours of reperfusion. Results were all negative. In the second part, Noto R1 was injected intra-peritoneum for 10 days prior to MCAo which lasted for 1 hour 50 minutes, then reperfusion was allowed for 22 hours. Results showed Noto R1 improved behavior score and viability rate. Meanwhile Noto R1 significantly reduced ischemic area, volume and edema percentage. Moreover TUNEL-positive cells in the affected cortex were significantly decreased. Nestin-positive cell in the striatum were significantly increased in the Noto R1 group, and immunoactivity of AQP4 and GFAP was apparently decrease with Noto R1 treatment. In conclusion, this study showed that Noto R1 protected cultured neural stem cells against glutamate neurotoxicity in vitro via p38 MAPK pathway by inhibiting Bax protein expression and enhancing protein expression of Bcl-2 and phospho-AKT. Moreover, it also demonstrated significant preventive effects against ischemic stroke with mice model in vivo. In a word Noto R1 presents a highly potential candidate preventing ischemic stroke clinically in the future.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectNatural products - Therapeutic use
Cerebrovascular disease - Treatment
Dept/ProgramAnatomy
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/206464

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorWu, W-
dc.contributor.authorQi, Chuanjie-
dc.contributor.author亓传洁-
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-31T23:15:57Z-
dc.date.available2014-10-31T23:15:57Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationQi, C. [亓传洁]. (2014). Effects of notoginsenoside R1 against glutamate neurotoxicity in vitro and on mice brain following ischemic stroke in vivo. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5317020-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/206464-
dc.description.abstractIschemic stroke is a leading cause of disability and death around the world. Higher concentration of glutamate following ischemic stroke is a factor leading to cell death, including neural stem cell death. Up to now no effective treatments of ischemic stroke are available. Notoginsenoside R1 (Noto R1) is the main component of Panax notoginseng, which is a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Its protective effects on the neural cell were noted recently. The main purpose of this experimental study was to investigate the mechanism of Noto R1 against glutamate neurotoxicity on primary cultured mouse cortical neural stem cells in vitro, and its effects on ischemic stroke on mice brain in vivo. In the in vitro part, primary culture of neural stem cells was prepared from 12.5-day-old C57BL/6N mice embryos cortex. Neural stem cells were confirmed by nestin-staining and differentiation study afterwards. Then neural stem cells were incubated with Noto R1 and glutamate for 24 hours. Cells were fixed for TUNEL staining and caspase-3 staining. Protein was collected for western blot for Bax, Bcl-2, phos-AKT, JNK/SAPK, and phospho-p38 MAPK. Results showed that glutamate has cytotoxicity in a dose-dependent manner on neural stem cells. Noto R1 showed remarkable neuro-protective effects on neural stem cells exposed to excessive glutamate by higher viability. Noto R1 significantly reduced caspase-3 expression and TUNEL-positive cells. Furthermore, Noto R1 increased the protein expression of Bcl-2 and phospho-AKT, and reduced Bax expression. Moreover apoptosis pathway study showed phospho-p38 expression was suppressed in the Noto R1 group. In the in vivo part, Noto R1 was administrated systemically to mice of MCAo followed by reperfusion. Behavior score and viability rate were assessed before sacrifice. TTC staining was performed for evaluating infarct area, volume and edema. H&E staining was applied for histological examination. TUNEL staining, IHC staining of Nestin, AQP4 and GFAP were performed. In the first part of Noto R1 of 40 mg/kg or PBS was injected into venous at the onset of blood vessel occlusion for 2 hours, and then followed by 22 hours of reperfusion. Results were all negative. In the second part, Noto R1 was injected intra-peritoneum for 10 days prior to MCAo which lasted for 1 hour 50 minutes, then reperfusion was allowed for 22 hours. Results showed Noto R1 improved behavior score and viability rate. Meanwhile Noto R1 significantly reduced ischemic area, volume and edema percentage. Moreover TUNEL-positive cells in the affected cortex were significantly decreased. Nestin-positive cell in the striatum were significantly increased in the Noto R1 group, and immunoactivity of AQP4 and GFAP was apparently decrease with Noto R1 treatment. In conclusion, this study showed that Noto R1 protected cultured neural stem cells against glutamate neurotoxicity in vitro via p38 MAPK pathway by inhibiting Bax protein expression and enhancing protein expression of Bcl-2 and phospho-AKT. Moreover, it also demonstrated significant preventive effects against ischemic stroke with mice model in vivo. In a word Noto R1 presents a highly potential candidate preventing ischemic stroke clinically in the future.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshNatural products - Therapeutic use-
dc.subject.lcshCerebrovascular disease - Treatment-
dc.titleEffects of notoginsenoside R1 against glutamate neurotoxicity in vitro and on mice brain following ischemic stroke in vivo-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5317020-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineAnatomy-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5317020-

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