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Conference Paper: Central Nervous System Tumours in Children Under the Age of Three: A Population Study by the Hong Kong Paediatric Haematology/Oncology Study Group

TitleCentral Nervous System Tumours in Children Under the Age of Three: A Population Study by the Hong Kong Paediatric Haematology/Oncology Study Group
Authors
Issue Date2014
PublisherMedcom Limited. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hkjpaed.org/index.asp
Citation
The 2014 Joint Annual Scientific Meeting of the Hong Kong Paediatric Society and Hong Kong Paediatric Nurses Association, Hong Kong, China, 15 June 2014. In Hong Kong Journal of Paediatrics (New series), 2014, v. 19 n. 3, p. 194 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: Central nervous system (CNS) tumors in children below the age of three represents special challenge to pediatric oncologists. Population-based epidemiological data on this particular patient group is lacking in Hong Kong. Method: Review of data from a population-based pediatric tumor registry of the Hong Kong Paediatric Haematology/Oncology Study Group between 1999 and 2011. Results: Eighty-one children with primary CNS tumors from 0-3 years were identified (annual incidence: 4.16 cases per 100,000). Forty-one (50.6%) were male and mean duration of FU was 94 months (±8.1). Primary tumors were infratentorial in 43 (53.1%). The tumor types in decreasing frequency were astrocytoma (n=17), medulloblastoma (n=16), ependymoma (n=13), CPT (n=7), PNET (n=7), ATRT (n=6), GCT (n=5), craniopharyngioma (n=4) and ganglioglioma (n=3). Three patients presented antenatally. Treatment included surgery in 82.7%, chemotherapy in 50.6% and radiotherapy in 25.9%. There were 29 deaths (35.8%) and 19 relapses (23.5%) during the review period with the 1y-OS, 5y-OS, 1y-EFS and 5y-EFS being 79.4% (±4.6), 63.5% (±5.9), 68.9% (±5.3) and 52.5% (±5.9) respectively. Significantly better OS and EFS were observed in patients who received gross-total resection but those with high-grade tumors, antenatal diagnosis or ATRT/PNET had worse outcome. Survival did not differ with age. Comparison with statistics from other studies revealed higher rates of embryonal tumor, GCT and craniopharyngioma in Hong Kong Chinese. Disease outcome appeared to be better in our cohort comparing to previous reports probably due to the higher proportion of GCT locally. Conclusion: We described the epidemiology and treatment outcome of CNS tumors in young children locally; ethnical differences in the frequency of particular tumor types might exist.
DescriptionOral Presentation
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/204436
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.194
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.123

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLiu, APYen_US
dc.contributor.authorShing, MMKen_US
dc.contributor.authorYuen, HLen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, CHen_US
dc.contributor.authorLing, SCen_US
dc.contributor.authorLuk, CWen_US
dc.contributor.authorHa, SYen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, CKen_US
dc.contributor.authorChan, GCFen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-09-19T23:48:14Z-
dc.date.available2014-09-19T23:48:14Z-
dc.date.issued2014en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe 2014 Joint Annual Scientific Meeting of the Hong Kong Paediatric Society and Hong Kong Paediatric Nurses Association, Hong Kong, China, 15 June 2014. In Hong Kong Journal of Paediatrics (New series), 2014, v. 19 n. 3, p. 194en_US
dc.identifier.issn1013-9923-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/204436-
dc.descriptionOral Presentation-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Central nervous system (CNS) tumors in children below the age of three represents special challenge to pediatric oncologists. Population-based epidemiological data on this particular patient group is lacking in Hong Kong. Method: Review of data from a population-based pediatric tumor registry of the Hong Kong Paediatric Haematology/Oncology Study Group between 1999 and 2011. Results: Eighty-one children with primary CNS tumors from 0-3 years were identified (annual incidence: 4.16 cases per 100,000). Forty-one (50.6%) were male and mean duration of FU was 94 months (±8.1). Primary tumors were infratentorial in 43 (53.1%). The tumor types in decreasing frequency were astrocytoma (n=17), medulloblastoma (n=16), ependymoma (n=13), CPT (n=7), PNET (n=7), ATRT (n=6), GCT (n=5), craniopharyngioma (n=4) and ganglioglioma (n=3). Three patients presented antenatally. Treatment included surgery in 82.7%, chemotherapy in 50.6% and radiotherapy in 25.9%. There were 29 deaths (35.8%) and 19 relapses (23.5%) during the review period with the 1y-OS, 5y-OS, 1y-EFS and 5y-EFS being 79.4% (±4.6), 63.5% (±5.9), 68.9% (±5.3) and 52.5% (±5.9) respectively. Significantly better OS and EFS were observed in patients who received gross-total resection but those with high-grade tumors, antenatal diagnosis or ATRT/PNET had worse outcome. Survival did not differ with age. Comparison with statistics from other studies revealed higher rates of embryonal tumor, GCT and craniopharyngioma in Hong Kong Chinese. Disease outcome appeared to be better in our cohort comparing to previous reports probably due to the higher proportion of GCT locally. Conclusion: We described the epidemiology and treatment outcome of CNS tumors in young children locally; ethnical differences in the frequency of particular tumor types might exist.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherMedcom Limited. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hkjpaed.org/index.asp-
dc.relation.ispartofHong Kong Journal of Paediatrics (New series)en_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleCentral Nervous System Tumours in Children Under the Age of Three: A Population Study by the Hong Kong Paediatric Haematology/Oncology Study Groupen_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailLiu, APY: apyliu@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailChan, GCF: gcfchan@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLiu, APY=rp01357en_US
dc.identifier.authorityChan, GCF=rp00431en_US
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.hkuros240000en_US
dc.identifier.volume19-
dc.identifier.issue3-
dc.identifier.spage194-
dc.identifier.epage194-
dc.publisher.placeHong Kong-

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