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Article: Hidden privatization of public education in Cambodia: Equity implications of private tutoring

TitleHidden privatization of public education in Cambodia: Equity implications of private tutoring
Authors
KeywordsCambodia
Private tutoring
Shadow education
Privatization
Issue Date2014
PublisherWaxmann Verlag GmbH. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.j-e-r-o.com/index.php/jero/index
Citation
Journal for Educational Research Online (Journal für bildungsforschung online), 2014, v. 6 n. 1, p. 94-116 How to Cite?
AbstractThe international construction of a new political economic order in Cambodia has had contradictory effects on education. The rhetoric of democracy thrives alongside corruption and human rights abuses, the Education for All initiative exists alongside privatization of public education, and many international education development efforts perpetuate (post)colonial legacies. In this context, private tutoring has emerged as an essential part of the public education system. A mastery of the required curriculum is now possible only through a careful combination of public schooling and private tutoring. Only those who can afford private tutoring thus receive access to a complete national education and have greater opportunities to successfully graduate from public school. Drawing on a preliminary analysis of qualitative and quantitative data, including 26 classroom observations, six focus groups with a total of 37 participants, grade tracking of 36 students, and informal interviews with 10 participants, this article examines the nature, scope, and equity implications of private tutoring in Cambodia. The article concludes by explaining how a seamless combination of public schooling and private tutoring creates an educational arrangement that continues to stratify Cambodian youth along socioeconomic lines.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/203504
ISSN

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorBrehm, WCen_US
dc.contributor.authorSilova, Ien_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-09-19T15:16:55Z-
dc.date.available2014-09-19T15:16:55Z-
dc.date.issued2014en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal for Educational Research Online (Journal für bildungsforschung online), 2014, v. 6 n. 1, p. 94-116en_US
dc.identifier.issn1866-6671-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/203504-
dc.description.abstractThe international construction of a new political economic order in Cambodia has had contradictory effects on education. The rhetoric of democracy thrives alongside corruption and human rights abuses, the Education for All initiative exists alongside privatization of public education, and many international education development efforts perpetuate (post)colonial legacies. In this context, private tutoring has emerged as an essential part of the public education system. A mastery of the required curriculum is now possible only through a careful combination of public schooling and private tutoring. Only those who can afford private tutoring thus receive access to a complete national education and have greater opportunities to successfully graduate from public school. Drawing on a preliminary analysis of qualitative and quantitative data, including 26 classroom observations, six focus groups with a total of 37 participants, grade tracking of 36 students, and informal interviews with 10 participants, this article examines the nature, scope, and equity implications of private tutoring in Cambodia. The article concludes by explaining how a seamless combination of public schooling and private tutoring creates an educational arrangement that continues to stratify Cambodian youth along socioeconomic lines.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherWaxmann Verlag GmbH. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.j-e-r-o.com/index.php/jero/indexen_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal for Educational Research Online (Journal für bildungsforschung online)en_US
dc.subjectCambodia-
dc.subjectPrivate tutoring-
dc.subjectShadow education-
dc.subjectPrivatization-
dc.titleHidden privatization of public education in Cambodia: Equity implications of private tutoringen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailBrehm, WC: wbrehm@hku.hk-
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.hkuros239438en_US
dc.identifier.volume6en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.spage94en_US
dc.identifier.epage116en_US
dc.publisher.placeGermanyen_US

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