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Article: A Pilot Evaluation on a Stress Management Programme Using a Combined Approach of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) for Elementary School Teachers

TitleA Pilot Evaluation on a Stress Management Programme Using a Combined Approach of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) for Elementary School Teachers
Authors
Issue Date2015
Citation
Stress and Health, 2015, v. 31 n. 1, p. 35-43 How to Cite?
AbstractThe aim of this study is to explore the efficacy of implementing a stress management programme based on a combined approach using cognitive behavioural therapy and complementary and alternative medicine for elementary school teachers who experienced mild level of stress, anxiety and/or depressive symptoms in Hong Kong. A 12-h programme involving cognitive behavioural therapy, self-management, relaxation techniques (diaphragmatic breathing and progressive muscle relaxation), mindful exercises (qigong and yoga), aromatherapy and acupressure was conducted. A quasi-experimental design was used to compare the intervention groups (n = 47) with the waitlist control groups (n = 46). The primary outcome measures were depression, anxiety and stress. Results indicated that the intervention group had significant reduction in depression [(F = 3.93; degrees of freedom (df) = 2.90; p = 0.023)], anxiety (F = 3.37; df = 2.90; p = 0.039) and stress (F = 3.63; df = 2.89; p = 0.031) when compared with the control group. Participants in both groups demonstrated lowered level of salivary cortisol at the postassessment. The pilot results provided preliminary support to the multi-component stress management programme in relieving affective symptoms of teachers. The programme may be considered as an initial strategy to empower teachers with the abilities to cope with their affective symptoms. Further evaluation using a better designed randomized study with a larger sample size is warranted.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/203488

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorTsang, H. W. H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCheung, WMen_US
dc.contributor.authorChan, A. H. L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFung, K. M. T.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLeung, A. Yen_US
dc.contributor.authorAu, D. W. H.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-09-19T15:16:54Z-
dc.date.available2014-09-19T15:16:54Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationStress and Health, 2015, v. 31 n. 1, p. 35-43en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/203488-
dc.description.abstractThe aim of this study is to explore the efficacy of implementing a stress management programme based on a combined approach using cognitive behavioural therapy and complementary and alternative medicine for elementary school teachers who experienced mild level of stress, anxiety and/or depressive symptoms in Hong Kong. A 12-h programme involving cognitive behavioural therapy, self-management, relaxation techniques (diaphragmatic breathing and progressive muscle relaxation), mindful exercises (qigong and yoga), aromatherapy and acupressure was conducted. A quasi-experimental design was used to compare the intervention groups (n = 47) with the waitlist control groups (n = 46). The primary outcome measures were depression, anxiety and stress. Results indicated that the intervention group had significant reduction in depression [(F = 3.93; degrees of freedom (df) = 2.90; p = 0.023)], anxiety (F = 3.37; df = 2.90; p = 0.039) and stress (F = 3.63; df = 2.89; p = 0.031) when compared with the control group. Participants in both groups demonstrated lowered level of salivary cortisol at the postassessment. The pilot results provided preliminary support to the multi-component stress management programme in relieving affective symptoms of teachers. The programme may be considered as an initial strategy to empower teachers with the abilities to cope with their affective symptoms. Further evaluation using a better designed randomized study with a larger sample size is warranted.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofStress and Healthen_US
dc.titleA Pilot Evaluation on a Stress Management Programme Using a Combined Approach of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) for Elementary School Teachersen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailCheung, WM: cwming@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityCheung, WM=rp00896en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/smi.2522-
dc.identifier.hkuros239049en_US

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