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Article: The Chinese mafia: Private protection in a socialist market economy

TitleThe Chinese mafia: Private protection in a socialist market economy
Authors
KeywordsEconomic reforms
Private protection
Property rights
The Chinese mafia
Issue Date2011
PublisherRoutledge. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/17440572.asp
Citation
Global Crime, 2011, v. 12 n. 4, p. 290-311 How to Cite?
AbstractGambetta's theoretical framework focuses on two important aspects directly relating to the birth and development of mafias, namely a demand for private protection and a supply of the same. In the Post-Mao era, China started its transition from a centrally controlled economy to a market-directed economy by adopting reform and opening-up policies. The widespread creation of property rights has exponentially enlarged the demand for protection. However, property rights are ambiguously defined in the Chinese legal system, and the state is unable and unwilling to provide efficient and sufficient law enforcement mechanisms for needy people because of the rampant corruption of government officials and the weak judicial system. In this case, the mafia that is interested in the private provision of protection developed into an alternative enforcement mechanism for 'securing' property rights in China's economic transition. The most important service offered by the mafia in China is not only to assist business enterprises in monopolising the market, but also to assist local government in China's economic reform.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/200380
ISSN
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.535

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWang, P-
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-20T08:03:49Z-
dc.date.available2014-08-20T08:03:49Z-
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.identifier.citationGlobal Crime, 2011, v. 12 n. 4, p. 290-311-
dc.identifier.issn1744-0572-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/200380-
dc.description.abstractGambetta's theoretical framework focuses on two important aspects directly relating to the birth and development of mafias, namely a demand for private protection and a supply of the same. In the Post-Mao era, China started its transition from a centrally controlled economy to a market-directed economy by adopting reform and opening-up policies. The widespread creation of property rights has exponentially enlarged the demand for protection. However, property rights are ambiguously defined in the Chinese legal system, and the state is unable and unwilling to provide efficient and sufficient law enforcement mechanisms for needy people because of the rampant corruption of government officials and the weak judicial system. In this case, the mafia that is interested in the private provision of protection developed into an alternative enforcement mechanism for 'securing' property rights in China's economic transition. The most important service offered by the mafia in China is not only to assist business enterprises in monopolising the market, but also to assist local government in China's economic reform.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherRoutledge. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/17440572.asp-
dc.relation.ispartofGlobal Crime-
dc.rightsPREPRINT This is a preprint of an article whose final and definitive form has been published in the [JOURNAL TITLE] [year of publication] [copyright Taylor & Francis]; [JOURNAL TITLE] is available online at: http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ with the open URL of your article POSTPRINT ‘This is an electronic version of an article published in [include the complete citation information for the final version of the article as published in the print edition of the journal]. [JOURNAL TITLE] is available online at: http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ with the open URL of your article.-
dc.subjectEconomic reforms-
dc.subjectPrivate protection-
dc.subjectProperty rights-
dc.subjectThe Chinese mafia-
dc.titleThe Chinese mafia: Private protection in a socialist market economyen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/17440572.2011.616055-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-80052939449-
dc.identifier.volume12-
dc.identifier.issue4-
dc.identifier.spage290-
dc.identifier.epage311-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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