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postgraduate thesis: Study on influenza virus-like particles and ssDNA aptamers

TitleStudy on influenza virus-like particles and ssDNA aptamers
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Zhang, N. [张娜茹]. (2013). Study on influenza virus-like particles and ssDNA aptamers. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5066202
AbstractSince there is an urgent need for development of vaccines and antiviral agents to combat influenza pandemics, this study aimed to develop influenza virus-like particles (VLPs) and aptamers targeting the virus particles as vaccine and antiviral agent candidates. Influenza VLPs containing three structural proteins of hemagglutinin (HA), neuraminidase (NA) and matrix 1 (M1) derived from influenza A/Hong Kong/01/2009 (H1N1) virus (HK/01) were constructed using a Bac-to-Bac baculovirus expression system. The expressed VLPs were purified by sucrose density gradient ultracentrifugation and characterized by Western blotting analysis and transmission electron microscopy. The immune responses and protective efficacy induced by VLPs were compared with those elicited by the clinically used Panenza vaccine in BALB/c mouse model. The results showed that two-dose vaccination with both VLP and the Panenza vaccine could confer complete protection. Single-dose vaccination with VLP could also provide 100% protection against lethal virus challenge, whereas single dose of an equal amount (based on HA content) of the Panenza vaccination just provided incomplete protection (67% survival rate) against the lethal virus challenge. Compared to the Panenza vaccination, the VLP vaccination could induce higher and broader antibody responses and higher viral specific T help (Th) cell and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses. Notably, a novel finding in this study is that the VLP vaccination could induce antibodies to inhibit virus release from infected MDCK cells, although the underlined mechanism needed to be further studied. These results indicated that influenza VLP might be a more effective and safe vaccine candidate which could be developed into an alternative vaccine for the control of epidemic and pandemic influenza in the future. To develop aptamers as antiviral agents against influenza, I sought to use influenza VLPs as target for ssDNA aptamer selection. After 11 rounds of selection using the systemic evolution of ligandsby exponential enrichment (SELEX),the recovered DNA molecules were PCR-amplified, gel purified and cloned into pCR-Blunt II TOPO vector for sequencing. The sequencing results showed that one aptamer Va-1 was markedly enriched, which was accounted for 59% (13/22) of the selected aptamers. Compared to the other non-enriched aptamers, the enriched aptamer Va-1 showed the highest binding affinity to the UV inactivated influenza HK/01 virus. It was also shown that the aptamer Va-1 specifically bound to the HK/01 stain while it could not bind other respiratory viruses even the PR8 strain within the H1N1 subtype. It was further demonstrated that the aptamer Va-1 could only bind to NA protein in a dose-dependent manner but not bind to HA and M1 proteins. Unfortunately, the selected aptamer did not show any antiviral effects. However, it may be potentially developed into a diagnostic and analytic agent because its binding activity was comparable with that of the commercial anti-NA antibody. In conclusion, the influenza VLPs may be a promising vaccine candidate for the control of influenza virus infection and the selected aptamer may be potentially developed into an alternative tool for influenza virus detection.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectOligonucleotides
Influenza vaccines
Dept/ProgramMicrobiology
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/200167

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Naru-
dc.contributor.author张娜茹-
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-01T23:12:18Z-
dc.date.available2014-08-01T23:12:18Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationZhang, N. [张娜茹]. (2013). Study on influenza virus-like particles and ssDNA aptamers. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5066202-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/200167-
dc.description.abstractSince there is an urgent need for development of vaccines and antiviral agents to combat influenza pandemics, this study aimed to develop influenza virus-like particles (VLPs) and aptamers targeting the virus particles as vaccine and antiviral agent candidates. Influenza VLPs containing three structural proteins of hemagglutinin (HA), neuraminidase (NA) and matrix 1 (M1) derived from influenza A/Hong Kong/01/2009 (H1N1) virus (HK/01) were constructed using a Bac-to-Bac baculovirus expression system. The expressed VLPs were purified by sucrose density gradient ultracentrifugation and characterized by Western blotting analysis and transmission electron microscopy. The immune responses and protective efficacy induced by VLPs were compared with those elicited by the clinically used Panenza vaccine in BALB/c mouse model. The results showed that two-dose vaccination with both VLP and the Panenza vaccine could confer complete protection. Single-dose vaccination with VLP could also provide 100% protection against lethal virus challenge, whereas single dose of an equal amount (based on HA content) of the Panenza vaccination just provided incomplete protection (67% survival rate) against the lethal virus challenge. Compared to the Panenza vaccination, the VLP vaccination could induce higher and broader antibody responses and higher viral specific T help (Th) cell and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses. Notably, a novel finding in this study is that the VLP vaccination could induce antibodies to inhibit virus release from infected MDCK cells, although the underlined mechanism needed to be further studied. These results indicated that influenza VLP might be a more effective and safe vaccine candidate which could be developed into an alternative vaccine for the control of epidemic and pandemic influenza in the future. To develop aptamers as antiviral agents against influenza, I sought to use influenza VLPs as target for ssDNA aptamer selection. After 11 rounds of selection using the systemic evolution of ligandsby exponential enrichment (SELEX),the recovered DNA molecules were PCR-amplified, gel purified and cloned into pCR-Blunt II TOPO vector for sequencing. The sequencing results showed that one aptamer Va-1 was markedly enriched, which was accounted for 59% (13/22) of the selected aptamers. Compared to the other non-enriched aptamers, the enriched aptamer Va-1 showed the highest binding affinity to the UV inactivated influenza HK/01 virus. It was also shown that the aptamer Va-1 specifically bound to the HK/01 stain while it could not bind other respiratory viruses even the PR8 strain within the H1N1 subtype. It was further demonstrated that the aptamer Va-1 could only bind to NA protein in a dose-dependent manner but not bind to HA and M1 proteins. Unfortunately, the selected aptamer did not show any antiviral effects. However, it may be potentially developed into a diagnostic and analytic agent because its binding activity was comparable with that of the commercial anti-NA antibody. In conclusion, the influenza VLPs may be a promising vaccine candidate for the control of influenza virus infection and the selected aptamer may be potentially developed into an alternative tool for influenza virus detection.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshOligonucleotides-
dc.subject.lcshInfluenza vaccines-
dc.titleStudy on influenza virus-like particles and ssDNA aptamers-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5066202-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineMicrobiology-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5066202-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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