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Article: Identification of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in subgingival plaque by PCR

TitleIdentification of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in subgingival plaque by PCR
Authors
Issue Date1995
Citation
Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 1995, v. 33, n. 12, p. 3102-3105 How to Cite?
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to assess the sensitivity and specificity of the PCR in detecting Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. The PCR's detection capability was compared with those of three other methods: culture- enhanced PCR (CE-PCR), colony hybridization (CH), and conventional culture with presumptive biochemical identification. A 285-bp stretch of the leukotoxin gene IktA of A. actinomycetemcomitans was amplified by PCR with primers TT-15 and TT-16. For CH, the PCR product was labeled with digoxigenin and used as a hybridization probe. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the PCR product of A. actinomycetemcomitans 1D4 and 1664 and three clinical isolates revealed complete homology among the tested strains, with only one base substitution (at position 1344) in comparison with the published sequence. With artificially infected subgingival plaque, the detection limit of PCR for A. actinomycetemcomitans was 103 CFU/ml of plaque suspension. Culturing subgingival plaque on tryptic soy-serum-bacitracin-vancomycin agar prior to PCR (CE-PCR) improved the limit of detection to 102 CFU/ml. Analysis of subgingival plaque samples from 35 patients with periodontal disease and 10 periodontally healthy subjects revealed that CE-PCR and CH had the highest overall rate of A. actinomycetemcomitans detection (both 58%), followed by PCR and culture (both 42%). With CH as the 'gold standard,' the sensitivities of CE-PCR, PCR, and culture were 88, 65, and 58%, respectively; the specificities were 84, 89, and 79%, respectively. The CE-PCR provided acceptable positive and negative predictive values (≥70%) when the prevalence of A. actinomycetemcomitans varied between 30 and 70%. PCR alone provided comparable predictive values over a narrower range of prevalence rates (30 to 50%), while culture did not afford acceptable predictive values at any prevalence rate. PCR and CE-PCR were found to be superior to culture with presumptive biochemical identification and should be the preferred methods for the detection of A. actinomycetemcomitans in subgingival plaque.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/200048
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorFlemmig, Thomas Frank-
dc.contributor.authorRüdiger, Stefan G.-
dc.contributor.authorHofmann, U.-
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, Herbert H.-
dc.contributor.authorPlaschke, Barbara-
dc.contributor.authorStratz, A.-
dc.contributor.authorKlaiber, Bernd-
dc.contributor.authorKarch, Helge W.-
dc.date.accessioned2014-07-26T23:11:04Z-
dc.date.available2014-07-26T23:11:04Z-
dc.date.issued1995-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Clinical Microbiology, 1995, v. 33, n. 12, p. 3102-3105-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/200048-
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this study was to assess the sensitivity and specificity of the PCR in detecting Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. The PCR's detection capability was compared with those of three other methods: culture- enhanced PCR (CE-PCR), colony hybridization (CH), and conventional culture with presumptive biochemical identification. A 285-bp stretch of the leukotoxin gene IktA of A. actinomycetemcomitans was amplified by PCR with primers TT-15 and TT-16. For CH, the PCR product was labeled with digoxigenin and used as a hybridization probe. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the PCR product of A. actinomycetemcomitans 1D4 and 1664 and three clinical isolates revealed complete homology among the tested strains, with only one base substitution (at position 1344) in comparison with the published sequence. With artificially infected subgingival plaque, the detection limit of PCR for A. actinomycetemcomitans was 103 CFU/ml of plaque suspension. Culturing subgingival plaque on tryptic soy-serum-bacitracin-vancomycin agar prior to PCR (CE-PCR) improved the limit of detection to 102 CFU/ml. Analysis of subgingival plaque samples from 35 patients with periodontal disease and 10 periodontally healthy subjects revealed that CE-PCR and CH had the highest overall rate of A. actinomycetemcomitans detection (both 58%), followed by PCR and culture (both 42%). With CH as the 'gold standard,' the sensitivities of CE-PCR, PCR, and culture were 88, 65, and 58%, respectively; the specificities were 84, 89, and 79%, respectively. The CE-PCR provided acceptable positive and negative predictive values (≥70%) when the prevalence of A. actinomycetemcomitans varied between 30 and 70%. PCR alone provided comparable predictive values over a narrower range of prevalence rates (30 to 50%), while culture did not afford acceptable predictive values at any prevalence rate. PCR and CE-PCR were found to be superior to culture with presumptive biochemical identification and should be the preferred methods for the detection of A. actinomycetemcomitans in subgingival plaque.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Clinical Microbiology-
dc.titleIdentification of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in subgingival plaque by PCR-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.pmid8586681-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0028881971-
dc.identifier.volume33-
dc.identifier.issue12-
dc.identifier.spage3102-
dc.identifier.epage3105-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:A1995TF01500005-

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