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Conference Paper: Dentine Hypersensitivity and its Impact on OH-QoL in Periodontal Patients

TitleDentine Hypersensitivity and its Impact on OH-QoL in Periodontal Patients
Authors
KeywordsPeriodontics and Quality of life
Issue Date2014
PublisherSage Publications, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.sagepub.com/journalsProdDesc.nav?prodId=Journal201925
Citation
The 92nd General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), Cape Town, South Africa, 25-28 June 2014. In Journal of Dental Research, 2014, v. 93 n. Special issue B: abstract no. 1294 How to Cite?
AbstractObjectives: To determine the prevalence and impact of dentine hypersensitivity (DH) on oral health-related quality of life (OH-QoL) in patients receiving supportive periodontal care (SPC). Methods: 41 patients under SPC (≥6 months) at a periodontal clinic in Hong Kong were recruited to assess the prevalence of DH and impact of DH on OH-QoL. Subjects were categorized into those who self-reported DH (DH1) and those who did not (DH0) over the previous 6 months. Impact of DH on OH-QoL was assessed using the Chinese version of the Condition Specific Oral Impact on Daily Performance (CS-OIDP) questionnaire. Clinical evaluation included a 1-second air-blow test, from an air-syringe with an output of 90psi and mean temperature of 21±1°C, held 5mm from the tooth, and tactile stimulation using a pressure-sensitive probe with forces ranging from 10g-50g on the cervical region. Perceived severity of DH was recorded using a 100mm Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Results: 24 (58.5%) subjects self-reported DH while 17 (41.5%) did not. Of these 24 subjects, 22 (91.7%) had clinically detectable DH with a mean air-blow VAS of 18.7±19.7mm and mean tactile stimulation VAS 3.9±5.6mm. Of the 17 subjects in the DH0 group, 5 (29.4%) had clinically detectable DH with a mean air-blow VAS of 4.7±2.8mm and mean tactile stimulation VAS of 4.1±5.9mm. Among the 24 DH1 subjects, 14 (58.3%) reported an impact of DH on OH-QoL, with a mean CS-OIDP score of 7.7±10.4%. None in the DH0 group reported any impact. Positive associations between air-blow VAS scores and CS-OIDP scores (P=0.038) as well as between tactile stimulation VAS scores and air-blow VAS scores (P=0.002) were found. Conclusions: Prevalence of DH is high among periodontally treated subjects undergoing SPC. DH impacts oral health-related quality of life in affected patients, and the extent of impact is positively associated with severity of DH.
DescriptionPoster Presentation
Session 172: New Approaches to Periodontal Therapy
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/199337
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.602
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.714

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorGoh, Ven_US
dc.contributor.authorLeung, WKen_US
dc.contributor.authorCorbet, EFen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-07-22T01:13:40Z-
dc.date.available2014-07-22T01:13:40Z-
dc.date.issued2014en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe 92nd General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), Cape Town, South Africa, 25-28 June 2014. In Journal of Dental Research, 2014, v. 93 n. Special issue B: abstract no. 1294en_US
dc.identifier.issn0022-0345-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/199337-
dc.descriptionPoster Presentation-
dc.descriptionSession 172: New Approaches to Periodontal Therapy-
dc.description.abstractObjectives: To determine the prevalence and impact of dentine hypersensitivity (DH) on oral health-related quality of life (OH-QoL) in patients receiving supportive periodontal care (SPC). Methods: 41 patients under SPC (≥6 months) at a periodontal clinic in Hong Kong were recruited to assess the prevalence of DH and impact of DH on OH-QoL. Subjects were categorized into those who self-reported DH (DH1) and those who did not (DH0) over the previous 6 months. Impact of DH on OH-QoL was assessed using the Chinese version of the Condition Specific Oral Impact on Daily Performance (CS-OIDP) questionnaire. Clinical evaluation included a 1-second air-blow test, from an air-syringe with an output of 90psi and mean temperature of 21±1°C, held 5mm from the tooth, and tactile stimulation using a pressure-sensitive probe with forces ranging from 10g-50g on the cervical region. Perceived severity of DH was recorded using a 100mm Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Results: 24 (58.5%) subjects self-reported DH while 17 (41.5%) did not. Of these 24 subjects, 22 (91.7%) had clinically detectable DH with a mean air-blow VAS of 18.7±19.7mm and mean tactile stimulation VAS 3.9±5.6mm. Of the 17 subjects in the DH0 group, 5 (29.4%) had clinically detectable DH with a mean air-blow VAS of 4.7±2.8mm and mean tactile stimulation VAS of 4.1±5.9mm. Among the 24 DH1 subjects, 14 (58.3%) reported an impact of DH on OH-QoL, with a mean CS-OIDP score of 7.7±10.4%. None in the DH0 group reported any impact. Positive associations between air-blow VAS scores and CS-OIDP scores (P=0.038) as well as between tactile stimulation VAS scores and air-blow VAS scores (P=0.002) were found. Conclusions: Prevalence of DH is high among periodontally treated subjects undergoing SPC. DH impacts oral health-related quality of life in affected patients, and the extent of impact is positively associated with severity of DH.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherSage Publications, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.sagepub.com/journalsProdDesc.nav?prodId=Journal201925-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Dental Researchen_US
dc.rightsJournal of Dental Research. Copyright © Sage Publications, Inc.-
dc.subjectPeriodontics and Quality of life-
dc.titleDentine Hypersensitivity and its Impact on OH-QoL in Periodontal Patientsen_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailLeung, WK: ewkleung@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailCorbet, EF: efcorbet@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLeung, WK=rp00019en_US
dc.identifier.authorityCorbet, EF=rp00005en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros231078en_US
dc.identifier.volume93en_US
dc.identifier.issueSpecial issue B: abstract no. 1294en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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