File Download
  Links for fulltext
     (May Require Subscription)
Supplementary

Article: Overall obesity is leveling off while abdominal obesity continues to rise in a chinese population experiencing rapid economic development: Analysis of serial cross-sectional health survey data 2002-2010

TitleOverall obesity is leveling off while abdominal obesity continues to rise in a chinese population experiencing rapid economic development: Analysis of serial cross-sectional health survey data 2002-2010
Authors
Issue Date2015
PublisherNature Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.nature.com/ijo/
Citation
International Journal of Obesity, 2015, v. 39 n. 2, p. 288-294 How to Cite?
AbstractBackgroundObesity epidemic is related to industrialization and urbanization, that have lead to changes in nutrition, lifestyle, and socioeconomic status. However, information on the trajectory of the obesity epidemic in populations experiencing rapid economic development is limited. We therefore investigate trends in obesity from 2002 to 2010 in a southern Chinese population experiencing world's fastest economic developmentMethodsBetween 2002 and 2010 four standardized surveys were conducted in a population of 85 million residents in Guangdong, China. Multistage cluster sampling was adopted to recruit representative samples. Weight, height and waist circumference of the participants were measured in a standardized way. The analysis included residents aged between 18 and 69 years. The number of participants included in the present analysis for Surveys conducted in 2002, 2004, 2007, and 2010 were 13,058, 7,646, 6,441, and 8,575, respectively.ResultsFrom year 2002 to 2010, the age-standardized BMI insignificantly changed from 21.7 kg/m2 to 22.3 kg/m2, and the prevalence of overweight and overall obesity from 15.8% to 16.6% (both P>0.05). The age-standardized waist circumference increased from 73.7 cm to 78.4 cm, and prevalence of abdominal obesity increased from 12.9% to 23.7% (both P<0.001). In urban areas, BMI and overall obesity changed little during the eight-year period (BMI from 22.6 to 22.7 kg/m2 and overall obesity from 23.7 to 21.4%), whereas there were slight increases in rural areas (BMI from 20.8 to 22.1 kg/m2 and overall obesity from 8.2 to 13.3%). Waist circumference and abdominal obesity increased significantly in both areas, but the increase was more pronounced in rural areas (in urban area, waist circumference from 75.1 to 78.5 cm and abdominal obesity from 16.8 to 26.5% in rural area, waist circumference from 72.2 to 78.3 and abdominal obesity from 8.8 to 22.0%).ConclusionsBMI and overall obesity in this population, which has experienced the world's fastest economic development over the past three decades, has been leveling off, while waist circumference and abdominal obesity, independent predictors of cardiovascular risk, have continued to rise. Our findings suggest that obesity epidemic transition in rapidly developing populations may be much faster than what has been observed in Western countries.International Journal of Obesity accepted article preview online, 26 May 2014; doi:10.1038/ijo.2014.95.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/197913
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 5.337
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.752

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLao, XQ-
dc.contributor.authorMa, WJ-
dc.contributor.authorSobko, T-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, YH-
dc.contributor.authorXu, YJ-
dc.contributor.authorXu, XJ-
dc.contributor.authorYu, DM-
dc.contributor.authorNie, SP-
dc.contributor.authorCai, QM-
dc.contributor.authorXia, L-
dc.contributor.authorThomas, GN-
dc.contributor.authorGriffiths, SM-
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T08:16:02Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T08:16:02Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Obesity, 2015, v. 39 n. 2, p. 288-294-
dc.identifier.issn0307-0565-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/197913-
dc.description.abstractBackgroundObesity epidemic is related to industrialization and urbanization, that have lead to changes in nutrition, lifestyle, and socioeconomic status. However, information on the trajectory of the obesity epidemic in populations experiencing rapid economic development is limited. We therefore investigate trends in obesity from 2002 to 2010 in a southern Chinese population experiencing world's fastest economic developmentMethodsBetween 2002 and 2010 four standardized surveys were conducted in a population of 85 million residents in Guangdong, China. Multistage cluster sampling was adopted to recruit representative samples. Weight, height and waist circumference of the participants were measured in a standardized way. The analysis included residents aged between 18 and 69 years. The number of participants included in the present analysis for Surveys conducted in 2002, 2004, 2007, and 2010 were 13,058, 7,646, 6,441, and 8,575, respectively.ResultsFrom year 2002 to 2010, the age-standardized BMI insignificantly changed from 21.7 kg/m2 to 22.3 kg/m2, and the prevalence of overweight and overall obesity from 15.8% to 16.6% (both P>0.05). The age-standardized waist circumference increased from 73.7 cm to 78.4 cm, and prevalence of abdominal obesity increased from 12.9% to 23.7% (both P<0.001). In urban areas, BMI and overall obesity changed little during the eight-year period (BMI from 22.6 to 22.7 kg/m2 and overall obesity from 23.7 to 21.4%), whereas there were slight increases in rural areas (BMI from 20.8 to 22.1 kg/m2 and overall obesity from 8.2 to 13.3%). Waist circumference and abdominal obesity increased significantly in both areas, but the increase was more pronounced in rural areas (in urban area, waist circumference from 75.1 to 78.5 cm and abdominal obesity from 16.8 to 26.5% in rural area, waist circumference from 72.2 to 78.3 and abdominal obesity from 8.8 to 22.0%).ConclusionsBMI and overall obesity in this population, which has experienced the world's fastest economic development over the past three decades, has been leveling off, while waist circumference and abdominal obesity, independent predictors of cardiovascular risk, have continued to rise. Our findings suggest that obesity epidemic transition in rapidly developing populations may be much faster than what has been observed in Western countries.International Journal of Obesity accepted article preview online, 26 May 2014; doi:10.1038/ijo.2014.95.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherNature Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.nature.com/ijo/-
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Obesity-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleOverall obesity is leveling off while abdominal obesity continues to rise in a chinese population experiencing rapid economic development: Analysis of serial cross-sectional health survey data 2002-2010en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailSobko, T: tsobko@hku.hk-
dc.description.naturepostprint-
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/ijo.2014.95-
dc.identifier.pmid24858655-
dc.identifier.hkuros248680-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats