File Download
  Links for fulltext
     (May Require Subscription)
Supplementary

postgraduate thesis: Geographical variability of transit-oriented development in Hong Kong

TitleGeographical variability of transit-oriented development in Hong Kong
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Loo, BPY
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Du Verle, F. D.. (2013). Geographical variability of transit-oriented development in Hong Kong. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5194735
AbstractTransit-Oriented Development (TOD) is a management strategy that offers sustainable answers to urban development at different levels and reduces the heavy automobile dependence. In dealing with transport-related issues, TOD encourages the use of transit for better sustainability. The number of railway patronage is the best index used to measure the success of TOD. However, TOD may also generate many short local car trips within the neighbourhood. The main research objective of the thesis is to investigate the factors that influence the three major transit modes of transportation within the neighbourhood. The ultimate goal of this thesis is to guide development policies that create more sustainable transport. Although many studies have looked at TOD residents’ travel behaviour at a regional or city level, most of them were based on North American cities. TOD neighbourhoods are assumed to have similar impacts on travel behaviour as they are generalized. Local trips within the TOD are less understood. A neighbourhood level analysis is used to explore residents’ travel behaviours in 60 neighbourhoods of Hong Kong delimited by a five-hundred-meters buffer area around each MTR station. An in-depth statistical analysis of the transit shares of 60 TOD and non-TOD neighbourhoods is made. This research design highlights the influence of TOD neighbourhoods in the use of transit for trips in different local communities, but most importantly it also identifies variability within the TOD neighbourhoods. Built environment’s variables, which may influence the modes of transportation, are selected. Principal component analysis is used to reduce the number of variables to 5 latent factors. Those factors are identified as specific characteristics of the built environment. In order to understand the relationship between the extracted factors and the use of transit modes, regressions are conducted. The results confirm that a dense economic urban area and the station integration to other transportation networks could explain residents’ travel behaviour for metro by 32%. It also shows that those two factors together with a mostly residential area with large families also explained 47% of the residents’ travel behaviour for walking. Variability of the bus' modal shares is not explained by any factor of the built environment used in the regression model. Buses have been identified as being more important in non-TOD neighbourhoods and a less sustainable mode of transportation than walking and metro. This study provides important guidelines for TOD development to further promote walking and the use of metro. The variability of TOD neighbourhoods in Hong Kong and, ultimately, its influence on people’s choice of sustainable transportation mode is demonstrated. This study brings a better understanding of TOD in the Asian context and how to increase its sustainable aspect through transportation. The findings of this study can be used by policy makers.
DegreeMaster of Philosophy
Subjecttransit-oriented development - China - Hong Kong
Dept/ProgramGeography
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/197525

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorLoo, BPY-
dc.contributor.authorDu Verle, Frederic Daniel-
dc.date.accessioned2014-05-27T23:16:41Z-
dc.date.available2014-05-27T23:16:41Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationDu Verle, F. D.. (2013). Geographical variability of transit-oriented development in Hong Kong. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5194735-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/197525-
dc.description.abstractTransit-Oriented Development (TOD) is a management strategy that offers sustainable answers to urban development at different levels and reduces the heavy automobile dependence. In dealing with transport-related issues, TOD encourages the use of transit for better sustainability. The number of railway patronage is the best index used to measure the success of TOD. However, TOD may also generate many short local car trips within the neighbourhood. The main research objective of the thesis is to investigate the factors that influence the three major transit modes of transportation within the neighbourhood. The ultimate goal of this thesis is to guide development policies that create more sustainable transport. Although many studies have looked at TOD residents’ travel behaviour at a regional or city level, most of them were based on North American cities. TOD neighbourhoods are assumed to have similar impacts on travel behaviour as they are generalized. Local trips within the TOD are less understood. A neighbourhood level analysis is used to explore residents’ travel behaviours in 60 neighbourhoods of Hong Kong delimited by a five-hundred-meters buffer area around each MTR station. An in-depth statistical analysis of the transit shares of 60 TOD and non-TOD neighbourhoods is made. This research design highlights the influence of TOD neighbourhoods in the use of transit for trips in different local communities, but most importantly it also identifies variability within the TOD neighbourhoods. Built environment’s variables, which may influence the modes of transportation, are selected. Principal component analysis is used to reduce the number of variables to 5 latent factors. Those factors are identified as specific characteristics of the built environment. In order to understand the relationship between the extracted factors and the use of transit modes, regressions are conducted. The results confirm that a dense economic urban area and the station integration to other transportation networks could explain residents’ travel behaviour for metro by 32%. It also shows that those two factors together with a mostly residential area with large families also explained 47% of the residents’ travel behaviour for walking. Variability of the bus' modal shares is not explained by any factor of the built environment used in the regression model. Buses have been identified as being more important in non-TOD neighbourhoods and a less sustainable mode of transportation than walking and metro. This study provides important guidelines for TOD development to further promote walking and the use of metro. The variability of TOD neighbourhoods in Hong Kong and, ultimately, its influence on people’s choice of sustainable transportation mode is demonstrated. This study brings a better understanding of TOD in the Asian context and how to increase its sustainable aspect through transportation. The findings of this study can be used by policy makers.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshtransit-oriented development - China - Hong Kong-
dc.titleGeographical variability of transit-oriented development in Hong Kong-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5194735-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineGeography-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5194735-

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats