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Article: Analyses of associations with asthma in four asthma population samples from Canada and Australia

TitleAnalyses of associations with asthma in four asthma population samples from Canada and Australia
Authors
Issue Date2009
PublisherSpringer Verlag. The Journal's web site is located at http://link.springer.de/link/service/journals/00439/index.htm
Citation
Human Genetics, 2009, v. 125 n. 4, p. 445-459 How to Cite?
AbstractAsthma, atopy, and related phenotypes are heterogeneous complex traits, with both genetic and environmental risk factors. Extensive research has been conducted and over hundred genes have been associated with asthma and atopy phenotypes, but many of these findings have failed to replicate in subsequent studies. To separate true associations from false positives, candidate genes need to be examined in large well-characterized samples, using standardized designs (genotyping, phenotyping and analysis). In an attempt to replicate previous associations we amalgamated the power and resources of four studies and genotyped 5,565 individuals to conduct a genetic association study of 93 previously associated candidate genes for asthma and related phenotypes using the same set of 861 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), a common genotyping platform, and relatively harmonized phenotypes. We tested for association between SNPs and the dichotomous outcomes of asthma, atopy, atopic asthma, and airway hyperresponsiveness using a general allelic likelihood ratio test. No SNP in any gene reached significance levels that survived correction for all tested SNPs, phenotypes, and genes. Even after relaxing the usual stringent multiple testing corrections by performing a gene-based analysis (one gene at a time as if no other genes were typed) and by stratifying SNPs based on their prior evidence of association, no genes gave strong evidence of replication. There was weak evidence to implicate the following: IL13, IFNGR2, EDN1, and VDR in asthma; IL18, TBXA2R, IFNGR2, and VDR in atopy; TLR9, TBXA2R, VDR, NOD2, and STAT6 in airway hyperresponsiveness; TLR10, IFNGR2, STAT6, VDR, and NPSR1 in atopic asthma. Additionally we found an excess of SNPs with small effect sizes (OR < 1.4). The low rate of replication may be due to small effect size, differences in phenotypic definition, differential environmental effects, and/or genetic heterogeneity. To aid in future replication studies of asthma genes a comprehensive database was compiled and is available to the scientific community at http://genapha.icapture.ubc.ca/.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/197224
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 5.138
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.931
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorDaley, Den_US
dc.contributor.authorLemire, Men_US
dc.contributor.authorAkhabir, Len_US
dc.contributor.authorChan, MMWen_US
dc.contributor.authorHe, JQen_US
dc.contributor.authorMcDonald, Ten_US
dc.contributor.authorSandford, Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorStefanowicz, Den_US
dc.contributor.authorTripp, Ben_US
dc.contributor.authorZamar, Den_US
dc.contributor.authorBosse, Yen_US
dc.contributor.authorFerretti, Ven_US
dc.contributor.authorMontpetit, Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorTessier, MCen_US
dc.contributor.authorBecker, Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorKozyrskyj, ALen_US
dc.contributor.authorBeilby, Jen_US
dc.contributor.authorMcCaskie, PAen_US
dc.contributor.authorMusk, Ben_US
dc.contributor.authorWarrington, Nen_US
dc.contributor.authorJames, Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorLaprise, Cen_US
dc.contributor.authorPalmer, LJen_US
dc.contributor.authorPare, PDen_US
dc.contributor.authorHudson, TJen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-05-23T02:27:32Z-
dc.date.available2014-05-23T02:27:32Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.identifier.citationHuman Genetics, 2009, v. 125 n. 4, p. 445-459en_US
dc.identifier.issn0340-6717-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/197224-
dc.description.abstractAsthma, atopy, and related phenotypes are heterogeneous complex traits, with both genetic and environmental risk factors. Extensive research has been conducted and over hundred genes have been associated with asthma and atopy phenotypes, but many of these findings have failed to replicate in subsequent studies. To separate true associations from false positives, candidate genes need to be examined in large well-characterized samples, using standardized designs (genotyping, phenotyping and analysis). In an attempt to replicate previous associations we amalgamated the power and resources of four studies and genotyped 5,565 individuals to conduct a genetic association study of 93 previously associated candidate genes for asthma and related phenotypes using the same set of 861 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), a common genotyping platform, and relatively harmonized phenotypes. We tested for association between SNPs and the dichotomous outcomes of asthma, atopy, atopic asthma, and airway hyperresponsiveness using a general allelic likelihood ratio test. No SNP in any gene reached significance levels that survived correction for all tested SNPs, phenotypes, and genes. Even after relaxing the usual stringent multiple testing corrections by performing a gene-based analysis (one gene at a time as if no other genes were typed) and by stratifying SNPs based on their prior evidence of association, no genes gave strong evidence of replication. There was weak evidence to implicate the following: IL13, IFNGR2, EDN1, and VDR in asthma; IL18, TBXA2R, IFNGR2, and VDR in atopy; TLR9, TBXA2R, VDR, NOD2, and STAT6 in airway hyperresponsiveness; TLR10, IFNGR2, STAT6, VDR, and NPSR1 in atopic asthma. Additionally we found an excess of SNPs with small effect sizes (OR < 1.4). The low rate of replication may be due to small effect size, differences in phenotypic definition, differential environmental effects, and/or genetic heterogeneity. To aid in future replication studies of asthma genes a comprehensive database was compiled and is available to the scientific community at http://genapha.icapture.ubc.ca/.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherSpringer Verlag. The Journal's web site is located at http://link.springer.de/link/service/journals/00439/index.htm-
dc.relation.ispartofHuman Geneticsen_US
dc.rightsThe original publication is available at www.springerlink.com-
dc.subject.meshAlleles-
dc.subject.meshAsthma - genetics-
dc.subject.meshBronchial Hyperreactivity - genetics-
dc.subject.meshHypersensitivity, Immediate - genetics-
dc.subject.meshPolymorphism, Single Nucleotide-
dc.titleAnalyses of associations with asthma in four asthma population samples from Canada and Australiaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailChan, MMW: mmwchan@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s00439-009-0643-8-
dc.identifier.pmid19247692-
dc.identifier.hkuros162563en_US
dc.identifier.volume125en_US
dc.identifier.issue4en_US
dc.identifier.spage445en_US
dc.identifier.epage459en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000265383500010-
dc.publisher.placeGermany-

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