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postgraduate thesis: Mesenchymal stem cells derived from pluripotent stem cells for cardiovascular repair and regeneration

TitleMesenchymal stem cells derived from pluripotent stem cells for cardiovascular repair and regeneration
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Tse, HFLian, Q
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Zhang, Y. [張月林]. (2013). Mesenchymal stem cells derived from pluripotent stem cells for cardiovascular repair and regeneration. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5177328
AbstractDespite major advances in pharmacological and surgical treatments of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), clinical outcomes of patients with severe CVDs remain very poor. Most of medication and interventions currently available are only playing roles of preventing further damage to myocardium, declining the risk of on-going cardiovascular events, lifting the cardiac pumping efficiency and lower early mortality rates, none of these treatments can regenerate or repair damaged cardiac tissue or restore heart function. As a result, several new strategies have been explored to overcome limitations of current therapeutic approaches. One prospective is to replace dead cardiac vascular cells with young and green cells to repair or regenerate damaged heart myocardium. Several types of stem cells, including bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), embryonic stem cell (ESCs)and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs),have been tested as the candidates for treatment of CVDs. Among a myriad of types of stem cells, bone marrow derived MSCs(BM-MSCs) has received great attention based on several unique properties such as easy isolation and expansion, stable genetic background and low immunogenicity. However, the therapeutic efficacy of BM-MSCs derived from aging or diseased donors is impaired. The differentiation potential of BM-MSCs is gradually reduced with the increased culture time. Thus, it is urgent to identify some novel alternative sources for MSCs. Moreover, the potential mechanisms of MSCs therapy have not been understood totally. This thesis is designed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy and potential mechanisms of several novel types of MSCs, including hESC-MSCs and hiPSC-MSCs and Rap1-/--BM-MSCson several types of CVDs, including pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)and myocardial infarction (MI). In Chapter 4, it disclosed that hESC-MSCs have a better therapeutic efficacy than BM-MSCs in attenuation of PAH induced by monocrotaline in mice. The greater therapeutic potential of hESC-MSCs on PAH was not only attributed to the higher capacity of differentiation into de-novo vascular cells, but also attributed to higher cell survival rate and greater paracrine effects post-transplantation. In Chapter 5, it demonstrated that compared with BM-MSCs, iPSC-MSCs have a better therapeutic effect on doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy. Several potential mechanisms of action were involved in iPSC-MSCs-based therapy for cardiomyopathy. It demonstrated that iPSC-MSCs transplantation not only attenuated the generation of reactive oxygen species(ROS)and the level of inflammation, but also restored depletion of cardiac progenitor cells and promoted endogenous myocardial regeneration against doxorubicin induced cardiomyopathy. Moreover, mitochondrial transfer and paracrine actions of iPSC-MSCs played critical roles in the rescue for doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy. In Chapter 6, it uncovered that compared with wild type BM-MSCs,Rap1-/--BM-MSCs transplantation achieved a better benefit to MI induced by ligation of left anterior descending (LAD)coronary artery. Rap1-mediated NF-κB activity plays a key role in regulation MSCscytokine secretion profiles. The absence of Rap1 in MSCs leads to reduced pro-inflammatory cytokines secretion and enhanced MSCs survival capacity, thus yielding a better therapeutic efficacy. In conclusion, findings presented in this thesis provide important new insights regarding different novel types of MSCs, including those derived from ESC and iPSC. They have distinct mechanisms of action from BM-MSCs and provide superior therapeutic efficacy in various form of severe CVDs, including PAH and DCM. The safety and efficacy of these novel types of MSCs for treatment of CVDs deserve further investigations.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectHeart - Diseases - Treatment
Mesenchymal stem cells
Dept/ProgramMedicine
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/196438

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorTse, HF-
dc.contributor.advisorLian, Q-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Yuelin-
dc.contributor.author張月林-
dc.date.accessioned2014-04-11T23:14:23Z-
dc.date.available2014-04-11T23:14:23Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationZhang, Y. [張月林]. (2013). Mesenchymal stem cells derived from pluripotent stem cells for cardiovascular repair and regeneration. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5177328-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/196438-
dc.description.abstractDespite major advances in pharmacological and surgical treatments of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), clinical outcomes of patients with severe CVDs remain very poor. Most of medication and interventions currently available are only playing roles of preventing further damage to myocardium, declining the risk of on-going cardiovascular events, lifting the cardiac pumping efficiency and lower early mortality rates, none of these treatments can regenerate or repair damaged cardiac tissue or restore heart function. As a result, several new strategies have been explored to overcome limitations of current therapeutic approaches. One prospective is to replace dead cardiac vascular cells with young and green cells to repair or regenerate damaged heart myocardium. Several types of stem cells, including bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), embryonic stem cell (ESCs)and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs),have been tested as the candidates for treatment of CVDs. Among a myriad of types of stem cells, bone marrow derived MSCs(BM-MSCs) has received great attention based on several unique properties such as easy isolation and expansion, stable genetic background and low immunogenicity. However, the therapeutic efficacy of BM-MSCs derived from aging or diseased donors is impaired. The differentiation potential of BM-MSCs is gradually reduced with the increased culture time. Thus, it is urgent to identify some novel alternative sources for MSCs. Moreover, the potential mechanisms of MSCs therapy have not been understood totally. This thesis is designed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy and potential mechanisms of several novel types of MSCs, including hESC-MSCs and hiPSC-MSCs and Rap1-/--BM-MSCson several types of CVDs, including pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)and myocardial infarction (MI). In Chapter 4, it disclosed that hESC-MSCs have a better therapeutic efficacy than BM-MSCs in attenuation of PAH induced by monocrotaline in mice. The greater therapeutic potential of hESC-MSCs on PAH was not only attributed to the higher capacity of differentiation into de-novo vascular cells, but also attributed to higher cell survival rate and greater paracrine effects post-transplantation. In Chapter 5, it demonstrated that compared with BM-MSCs, iPSC-MSCs have a better therapeutic effect on doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy. Several potential mechanisms of action were involved in iPSC-MSCs-based therapy for cardiomyopathy. It demonstrated that iPSC-MSCs transplantation not only attenuated the generation of reactive oxygen species(ROS)and the level of inflammation, but also restored depletion of cardiac progenitor cells and promoted endogenous myocardial regeneration against doxorubicin induced cardiomyopathy. Moreover, mitochondrial transfer and paracrine actions of iPSC-MSCs played critical roles in the rescue for doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy. In Chapter 6, it uncovered that compared with wild type BM-MSCs,Rap1-/--BM-MSCs transplantation achieved a better benefit to MI induced by ligation of left anterior descending (LAD)coronary artery. Rap1-mediated NF-κB activity plays a key role in regulation MSCscytokine secretion profiles. The absence of Rap1 in MSCs leads to reduced pro-inflammatory cytokines secretion and enhanced MSCs survival capacity, thus yielding a better therapeutic efficacy. In conclusion, findings presented in this thesis provide important new insights regarding different novel types of MSCs, including those derived from ESC and iPSC. They have distinct mechanisms of action from BM-MSCs and provide superior therapeutic efficacy in various form of severe CVDs, including PAH and DCM. The safety and efficacy of these novel types of MSCs for treatment of CVDs deserve further investigations.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshHeart - Diseases - Treatment-
dc.subject.lcshMesenchymal stem cells-
dc.titleMesenchymal stem cells derived from pluripotent stem cells for cardiovascular repair and regeneration-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5177328-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineMedicine-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5177328-

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