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Article: Nasal Morphology of the Chinese: Three-Dimensional Reference Values for Rhinoplasty

TitleNasal Morphology of the Chinese: Three-Dimensional Reference Values for Rhinoplasty
Authors
Issue Date2014
PublisherSage Publications, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://oto.sagepub.com/
Citation
Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 2014, v. 150 n. 6, p. 956-961 How to Cite?
AbstractOBJECTIVE: To determine normative nasal measurements for Chinese young adults, conditioned on demographics. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive study. SETTING: A university hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional (3D) photographs were captured from 103 Chinese subjects between 18 and 35 years of age using a commercial stereophotographic system. Anthropometric landmarks were identified on these 3D surface images, and measurements suitable for nasal analysis were performed and contrasted against established Caucasian norms. Gender differences in anthropometric dimensions were also analyzed. RESULTS: Normative data for these measurements are made available. Linear nasal measurements, except those for mid-columella length, were significantly larger in men than in women; further, the nasal tip angle and nasofrontal angle were significantly larger in Chinese women. Contrasts of these new data against published Caucasian norms revealed dimensions that differ for these 2 groups. The Chinese normative mean values for morphological nose width, nasal tip angle, nasofrontal angle, and alar slope angle exceeded those reported for North American Caucasians. CONCLUSIONS: Gender-specific normative data for the Chinese nose were established in this study to provide a useful tool for surgeons in dealing with rhinoplasty. Moreover, the Chinese nasal anthropometric measurements in this study are broader and flatter than those reported for North American Caucasians. © American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2014.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/196268
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.021
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.176

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorJayaratne, YSNen_US
dc.contributor.authorDeutsch, CKen_US
dc.contributor.authorZwahlen, RAen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-04-01T08:43:11Z-
dc.date.available2014-04-01T08:43:11Z-
dc.date.issued2014en_US
dc.identifier.citationOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 2014, v. 150 n. 6, p. 956-961en_US
dc.identifier.issn0194-5998-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/196268-
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: To determine normative nasal measurements for Chinese young adults, conditioned on demographics. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive study. SETTING: A university hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional (3D) photographs were captured from 103 Chinese subjects between 18 and 35 years of age using a commercial stereophotographic system. Anthropometric landmarks were identified on these 3D surface images, and measurements suitable for nasal analysis were performed and contrasted against established Caucasian norms. Gender differences in anthropometric dimensions were also analyzed. RESULTS: Normative data for these measurements are made available. Linear nasal measurements, except those for mid-columella length, were significantly larger in men than in women; further, the nasal tip angle and nasofrontal angle were significantly larger in Chinese women. Contrasts of these new data against published Caucasian norms revealed dimensions that differ for these 2 groups. The Chinese normative mean values for morphological nose width, nasal tip angle, nasofrontal angle, and alar slope angle exceeded those reported for North American Caucasians. CONCLUSIONS: Gender-specific normative data for the Chinese nose were established in this study to provide a useful tool for surgeons in dealing with rhinoplasty. Moreover, the Chinese nasal anthropometric measurements in this study are broader and flatter than those reported for North American Caucasians. © American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2014.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherSage Publications, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://oto.sagepub.com/-
dc.relation.ispartofOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgeryen_US
dc.rightsOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. Copyright © Sage Publications, Inc.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleNasal Morphology of the Chinese: Three-Dimensional Reference Values for Rhinoplastyen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailJayaratne, YSN: nalaka2@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailZwahlen, RA: zwahlen@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityZwahlen, RA=rp00055en_US
dc.description.naturepostprint-
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/0194599814523550-
dc.identifier.pmid24524953-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84903539513-
dc.identifier.hkuros228347en_US
dc.identifier.volume150-
dc.identifier.issue6-
dc.identifier.spage956-
dc.identifier.epage961-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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