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postgraduate thesis: New factors that affect adrenomedullin expression

TitleNew factors that affect adrenomedullin expression
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Cheung, BMY
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Wong, H. [黃凱健]. (2013). New factors that affect adrenomedullin expression. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5153742
AbstractADM is a 52-amino acid peptide which carries out multiple biological functions in cardiovascular system such as vasodilation and hypotension, and is a prognostic marker for cardiovascular diseases. Recent studies show that its plasma level is elevated in diabetes, however the reason and significance for such an increase has not been understood. Recent research has proposed that inflammation and oxidative stress both contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetes. If ADM is a marker in diabetes, it is possible that ADM is regulated by these two mechanisms, and so this project aims to investigate how these mechanisms could affect ADM expression. Recent studies have demonstrated that advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) could lead to development of various diabetic complications. AGEs are formed as intermediate product in the non-enzymatic glycation of reducing sugars. Formation of these products is stimulated by hyperglycemia and oxidative stress, which could also induce ADM expression. Hence one of the studies investigated the direct effect of AGEs on ADM expression in an in vitro model. A rat macrophage cell line NR8383 was used to investigate the dose-response and time-point responses of macrophage cells in expressing ADM stimulated by AGEs. 6 hours of AGEs treatment resulted in no significant effect on ADM gene expression. The gene expression increased in all time points in which the change was at maximum after 1 hour of AGE treatment compared with other time points (P<0.05). However the time-dependent effect on ADM gene expression was insignificant compared with controls. How oxidative stress could lead to increased ADM expression deserves further investigation. ADM plays a role in inflammation that it could influence IL-6 and adiponectin expressions. This project also investigated whether IL-6 and adiponectin could affect ADM levels on the opposite. The associations between IL6 and adiponectin single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with plasma ADM levels were studied using a cohort of 476 subjects from the Cardiovascular Risk Factor Prevalence Study (CRISPS). Specific tagging SNPs were genotyped for the 476 subjects. Significant associations were identified for the IL6 SNP rs17147230 and adiponectin SNP rs182052 with plasma ADM levels in additive model (β=-0.096, P=0.034, and β=0.104, P=0.023 respectively adjusting for age and sex). The associations remained significant after adjusting for various covariates (P<0.05). Genotypic model shows that the minor alleles of rs17147230 and rs182052 resulted in 12.8% decrease and 17.7% increase in plasma ADM levels. These findings show that ADM level could be regulated by IL-6 which is an inflammatory cytokine, and adiponectin which is a protective peptide in inflammation. Reducing inflammation could lower ADM level and adiponectin might be a therapeutic candidate.
DegreeMaster of Philosophy
SubjectOxidative stress
Adrenomedullin
Inflammation
Dept/ProgramMedicine
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/195971

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorCheung, BMY-
dc.contributor.authorWong, Hoi-kin-
dc.contributor.author黃凱健-
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-21T03:50:02Z-
dc.date.available2014-03-21T03:50:02Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationWong, H. [黃凱健]. (2013). New factors that affect adrenomedullin expression. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5153742-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/195971-
dc.description.abstractADM is a 52-amino acid peptide which carries out multiple biological functions in cardiovascular system such as vasodilation and hypotension, and is a prognostic marker for cardiovascular diseases. Recent studies show that its plasma level is elevated in diabetes, however the reason and significance for such an increase has not been understood. Recent research has proposed that inflammation and oxidative stress both contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetes. If ADM is a marker in diabetes, it is possible that ADM is regulated by these two mechanisms, and so this project aims to investigate how these mechanisms could affect ADM expression. Recent studies have demonstrated that advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) could lead to development of various diabetic complications. AGEs are formed as intermediate product in the non-enzymatic glycation of reducing sugars. Formation of these products is stimulated by hyperglycemia and oxidative stress, which could also induce ADM expression. Hence one of the studies investigated the direct effect of AGEs on ADM expression in an in vitro model. A rat macrophage cell line NR8383 was used to investigate the dose-response and time-point responses of macrophage cells in expressing ADM stimulated by AGEs. 6 hours of AGEs treatment resulted in no significant effect on ADM gene expression. The gene expression increased in all time points in which the change was at maximum after 1 hour of AGE treatment compared with other time points (P<0.05). However the time-dependent effect on ADM gene expression was insignificant compared with controls. How oxidative stress could lead to increased ADM expression deserves further investigation. ADM plays a role in inflammation that it could influence IL-6 and adiponectin expressions. This project also investigated whether IL-6 and adiponectin could affect ADM levels on the opposite. The associations between IL6 and adiponectin single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with plasma ADM levels were studied using a cohort of 476 subjects from the Cardiovascular Risk Factor Prevalence Study (CRISPS). Specific tagging SNPs were genotyped for the 476 subjects. Significant associations were identified for the IL6 SNP rs17147230 and adiponectin SNP rs182052 with plasma ADM levels in additive model (β=-0.096, P=0.034, and β=0.104, P=0.023 respectively adjusting for age and sex). The associations remained significant after adjusting for various covariates (P<0.05). Genotypic model shows that the minor alleles of rs17147230 and rs182052 resulted in 12.8% decrease and 17.7% increase in plasma ADM levels. These findings show that ADM level could be regulated by IL-6 which is an inflammatory cytokine, and adiponectin which is a protective peptide in inflammation. Reducing inflammation could lower ADM level and adiponectin might be a therapeutic candidate.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshOxidative stress-
dc.subject.lcshAdrenomedullin-
dc.subject.lcshInflammation-
dc.titleNew factors that affect adrenomedullin expression-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5153742-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineMedicine-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5153742-

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