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Article: Chronic central leptin decreases food intake and improves glucose tolerance in diet-induced obese mice independent of hypothalamic malonyl CoA levels and skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity

TitleChronic central leptin decreases food intake and improves glucose tolerance in diet-induced obese mice independent of hypothalamic malonyl CoA levels and skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity
Authors
Issue Date2011
Citation
Endocrinology, 2011, v. 152 n. 11, p. 4127-4137 How to Cite?
AbstractAlthough acute leptin administration in the hypothalamus decreases food intake and increases peripheral energy metabolism, the peripheral actions of central chronic leptin administration are less understood. In this study, we investigated what effects chronic (7 d) intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of leptin has on energy metabolism and insulin sensitivity in diet-induced obese mice. C57/BL mice were fed a low-fat diet (LFD;10%total calories) or high-fat diet (HFD;60% total calories) for 8 wk after which leptin was administered ICV for 7 consecutive days. Mice fed a HFD showed signs of insulin resistance, as evidenced by an impaired glucose tolerance test. Chronic leptin treatment resulted in a decrease in food intake and body weight and normalization of glucose clearance but no improvement in insulin sensitivity. Chronic ICV leptin increased hypothalamic signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 and AMP-activated protein kinase phosphorylation but did not change hypothalamic malonyl CoA levels in HFD fed and LFD-fed mice. In the gastrocnemius muscles, the levels of malonyl CoA in both leptin-treated groups were lower than their respective control groups, suggesting an increase in fatty acid oxidation. However, only in the muscles of ICV leptin-treated LFD mice was there a decrease in lipid metabolites including diacylglycerol, triacylglycerol, and ceramide. Our results suggest that chronic ICV leptin decreases food consumption and body weight via a mechanism different from acute ICV leptin administration. Although chronic ICV leptin treatment in HFD mice improves glucose tolerance, this occurs independent of changes in insulin sensitivity in the muscles of HFD mice. Copyright © 2011 by The Endocrine Society.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/195862
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.159
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.363
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorKeung, W-
dc.contributor.authorPalaniyappan, A-
dc.contributor.authorLopaschuk, GD-
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-19T01:46:11Z-
dc.date.available2014-03-19T01:46:11Z-
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.identifier.citationEndocrinology, 2011, v. 152 n. 11, p. 4127-4137-
dc.identifier.issn0013-7227-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/195862-
dc.description.abstractAlthough acute leptin administration in the hypothalamus decreases food intake and increases peripheral energy metabolism, the peripheral actions of central chronic leptin administration are less understood. In this study, we investigated what effects chronic (7 d) intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of leptin has on energy metabolism and insulin sensitivity in diet-induced obese mice. C57/BL mice were fed a low-fat diet (LFD;10%total calories) or high-fat diet (HFD;60% total calories) for 8 wk after which leptin was administered ICV for 7 consecutive days. Mice fed a HFD showed signs of insulin resistance, as evidenced by an impaired glucose tolerance test. Chronic leptin treatment resulted in a decrease in food intake and body weight and normalization of glucose clearance but no improvement in insulin sensitivity. Chronic ICV leptin increased hypothalamic signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 and AMP-activated protein kinase phosphorylation but did not change hypothalamic malonyl CoA levels in HFD fed and LFD-fed mice. In the gastrocnemius muscles, the levels of malonyl CoA in both leptin-treated groups were lower than their respective control groups, suggesting an increase in fatty acid oxidation. However, only in the muscles of ICV leptin-treated LFD mice was there a decrease in lipid metabolites including diacylglycerol, triacylglycerol, and ceramide. Our results suggest that chronic ICV leptin decreases food consumption and body weight via a mechanism different from acute ICV leptin administration. Although chronic ICV leptin treatment in HFD mice improves glucose tolerance, this occurs independent of changes in insulin sensitivity in the muscles of HFD mice. Copyright © 2011 by The Endocrine Society.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofEndocrinology-
dc.titleChronic central leptin decreases food intake and improves glucose tolerance in diet-induced obese mice independent of hypothalamic malonyl CoA levels and skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1210/en.2011-1254-
dc.identifier.pmid21914780-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-80054930475-
dc.identifier.hkuros239593-
dc.identifier.volume152-
dc.identifier.issue11-
dc.identifier.spage4127-
dc.identifier.epage4137-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000296583900017-

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