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Article: Differentiation induction of mouse embryonic stem cells into sinus node-like cells by suramin

TitleDifferentiation induction of mouse embryonic stem cells into sinus node-like cells by suramin
Authors
Issue Date2011
Citation
International Journal of Cardiology, 2011, v. 147 n. 1, p. 95-111 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: Embryonic stem (ES) cells differentiate into cardiac phenotypes representing early pacemaker-, atrial-, ventricular-, and sinus node-like cells, however, ES-derived specification into sinus nodal cells is not yet known. By using the naphthylamine derivative of urea, suramin, we were able to follow the process of cardiac specialization into sinus node-like cells. Methods: Differentiating mouse ES cells were treated with suramin (500 μM) from day 5 to 7 of embryoid body formation, and cells were analysed for their differentiation potential via morphological analysis, flow cytometry, RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry and patch clamp analysis. Results: Application of suramin resulted in an increased number of cardiac cells, but inhibition of neuronal, skeletal muscle and definitive endoderm differentiation. Immediately after suramin treatment, a decreased mesendoderm differentiation was found. Brachyury, FGF10, Wnt8 and Wnt3a transcript levels were significantly down-regulated, followed by a decrease in mesoderm- and cardiac progenitor-specific markers BMP2, GATA4/5, Wnt11, Isl1, Nkx2.5 and Tbx5 immediately after removal of the substance. With continued differentiation, a significant up-regulation of Brachyury, FGF10 and GATA5 transcript levels was observed, whereas Nkx2.5, Isl1, Tbx5, BMP2 and Wnt11 levels were normalized to control levels. At advanced differentiation stages, sinus node-specific HCN4, Tbx2 and Tbx3 transcript levels were significantly up-regulated. Immunofluorescence and patch-clamp analysis confirmed the increased number of sinus node-like cells, and electrophysiological analysis revealed a lower number of atrial- and ventricular-like cardiomyocytes following suramin treatment. Conclusion: We conclude that the interference of suramin with the cardiac differentiation process modified mesoderm- and cardiac-specific gene expression resulting in enhanced formation of sinus node-like cells. © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/195137
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.638
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.513
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWiese, C-
dc.contributor.authorNikolova, T-
dc.contributor.authorZahanich, I-
dc.contributor.authorSulzbacher, S-
dc.contributor.authorFuchs, J-
dc.contributor.authorYamanaka, S-
dc.contributor.authorGraf, E-
dc.contributor.authorRavens, U-
dc.contributor.authorBoheler, KR-
dc.contributor.authorWobus, AM-
dc.date.accessioned2014-02-25T01:40:13Z-
dc.date.available2014-02-25T01:40:13Z-
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Cardiology, 2011, v. 147 n. 1, p. 95-111-
dc.identifier.issn0167-5273-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/195137-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Embryonic stem (ES) cells differentiate into cardiac phenotypes representing early pacemaker-, atrial-, ventricular-, and sinus node-like cells, however, ES-derived specification into sinus nodal cells is not yet known. By using the naphthylamine derivative of urea, suramin, we were able to follow the process of cardiac specialization into sinus node-like cells. Methods: Differentiating mouse ES cells were treated with suramin (500 μM) from day 5 to 7 of embryoid body formation, and cells were analysed for their differentiation potential via morphological analysis, flow cytometry, RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry and patch clamp analysis. Results: Application of suramin resulted in an increased number of cardiac cells, but inhibition of neuronal, skeletal muscle and definitive endoderm differentiation. Immediately after suramin treatment, a decreased mesendoderm differentiation was found. Brachyury, FGF10, Wnt8 and Wnt3a transcript levels were significantly down-regulated, followed by a decrease in mesoderm- and cardiac progenitor-specific markers BMP2, GATA4/5, Wnt11, Isl1, Nkx2.5 and Tbx5 immediately after removal of the substance. With continued differentiation, a significant up-regulation of Brachyury, FGF10 and GATA5 transcript levels was observed, whereas Nkx2.5, Isl1, Tbx5, BMP2 and Wnt11 levels were normalized to control levels. At advanced differentiation stages, sinus node-specific HCN4, Tbx2 and Tbx3 transcript levels were significantly up-regulated. Immunofluorescence and patch-clamp analysis confirmed the increased number of sinus node-like cells, and electrophysiological analysis revealed a lower number of atrial- and ventricular-like cardiomyocytes following suramin treatment. Conclusion: We conclude that the interference of suramin with the cardiac differentiation process modified mesoderm- and cardiac-specific gene expression resulting in enhanced formation of sinus node-like cells. © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Cardiology-
dc.titleDifferentiation induction of mouse embryonic stem cells into sinus node-like cells by suramin-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ijcard.2009.08.021-
dc.identifier.pmid19775764-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-79951727653-
dc.identifier.volume147-
dc.identifier.issue1-
dc.identifier.spage95-
dc.identifier.epage111-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000287443300022-

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