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postgraduate thesis: Effect of vitamin D supplementation on prevention of upper respiratory tract infections : a systematic review of randomized controlled trials / y Guo Jing

TitleEffect of vitamin D supplementation on prevention of upper respiratory tract infections : a systematic review of randomized controlled trials / y Guo Jing
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Guo, J. [郭婧]. (2013). Effect of vitamin D supplementation on prevention of upper respiratory tract infections : a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5098550
AbstractBackground The prevention of chronic diseases has always been a major focus in the medical field as a measure to improve public health. As a potential prevention to one of the most common chronic diseases, vitamin D was previously reported to show some signs of positive effect on the prevention of upper respiratory tract infections. Although trials were performed to demonstrate the association between the effectiveness of vitamin D and upper respiratory tract infections in the past few years, the number of randomized controlled trials was limited. Only one systematic review with meta-analysis was carried out to study the effect of vitamin D supplementation on prevention of respiratory tract infections (Charan et al., 2012). Aim A systematic review of the existing evidence was carried out with the aim to examine the effectiveness of vitamin D supplementation as an intervention in prevention of upper respiratory tract infections. Method Studies were selectively chosen based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Retrieval of studies was performed and identified from MEDLINE (Ovid) and PUBMED. MeSH terms of “Vitamin D” and “Upper respiratory tract infections” were applied in the search. Only randomized controlled trials were selected. Non-English publications, reviews, discussions, conference papers, and publications with outcomes being not incidence of URTI, were excluded. The quality of each study was evaluated using the Jadad scale (Jadad et al., 1996). Data from the trials was extracted into the meta-analysis, and odds ratios and confidence intervals were used as measures of the association between vitamin D supplementation and incidence of upper respiratory tract infections across studies. Result Five randomized controlled trials were included in this review. In this meta-analysis, the number of events of upper respiratory tract infections in vitamin D group was lower than that in the placebo group (OR=0.53), suggesting that a 47% lower odds of falling in vitamin D groups than in controls. The 95% confidence interval ranged from 0.30to 0.93and did not include 1, suggesting that the effect of vitamin D on prevention of upper respiratory tract infections was significant. However, when the trials were divided into children and adult groups, the results were significantly different. The result of the trials with two children gave an OR of 0.33(95%CI: 0.13, 0.83), meaning a positive effect of vitamin D could be observed in the vitamin D group, compared to the placebo group. Meanwhile, three trials on adults had an OR of 0.78 (95%CI: 0.56, 1.09), which was insufficient to suggest the two groups were different. Conclusion While the positive effect of vitamin D supplementation for the prevention of upper respiratory tract infections is evident on children in this review, it is much less significant on adults due to inconsistencies in the results. Therefore, more research and trials with improved methodologies would be required in the future to increase our understanding and provide more certainty on this matter.
DegreeMaster of Public Health
SubjectRespiratory infections - Prevention
Vitamin D - Health aspects
Dept/ProgramPublic Health
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193840

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorGuo, Jing-
dc.contributor.author郭婧-
dc.date.accessioned2014-01-27T23:10:51Z-
dc.date.available2014-01-27T23:10:51Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationGuo, J. [郭婧]. (2013). Effect of vitamin D supplementation on prevention of upper respiratory tract infections : a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5098550-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193840-
dc.description.abstractBackground The prevention of chronic diseases has always been a major focus in the medical field as a measure to improve public health. As a potential prevention to one of the most common chronic diseases, vitamin D was previously reported to show some signs of positive effect on the prevention of upper respiratory tract infections. Although trials were performed to demonstrate the association between the effectiveness of vitamin D and upper respiratory tract infections in the past few years, the number of randomized controlled trials was limited. Only one systematic review with meta-analysis was carried out to study the effect of vitamin D supplementation on prevention of respiratory tract infections (Charan et al., 2012). Aim A systematic review of the existing evidence was carried out with the aim to examine the effectiveness of vitamin D supplementation as an intervention in prevention of upper respiratory tract infections. Method Studies were selectively chosen based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Retrieval of studies was performed and identified from MEDLINE (Ovid) and PUBMED. MeSH terms of “Vitamin D” and “Upper respiratory tract infections” were applied in the search. Only randomized controlled trials were selected. Non-English publications, reviews, discussions, conference papers, and publications with outcomes being not incidence of URTI, were excluded. The quality of each study was evaluated using the Jadad scale (Jadad et al., 1996). Data from the trials was extracted into the meta-analysis, and odds ratios and confidence intervals were used as measures of the association between vitamin D supplementation and incidence of upper respiratory tract infections across studies. Result Five randomized controlled trials were included in this review. In this meta-analysis, the number of events of upper respiratory tract infections in vitamin D group was lower than that in the placebo group (OR=0.53), suggesting that a 47% lower odds of falling in vitamin D groups than in controls. The 95% confidence interval ranged from 0.30to 0.93and did not include 1, suggesting that the effect of vitamin D on prevention of upper respiratory tract infections was significant. However, when the trials were divided into children and adult groups, the results were significantly different. The result of the trials with two children gave an OR of 0.33(95%CI: 0.13, 0.83), meaning a positive effect of vitamin D could be observed in the vitamin D group, compared to the placebo group. Meanwhile, three trials on adults had an OR of 0.78 (95%CI: 0.56, 1.09), which was insufficient to suggest the two groups were different. Conclusion While the positive effect of vitamin D supplementation for the prevention of upper respiratory tract infections is evident on children in this review, it is much less significant on adults due to inconsistencies in the results. Therefore, more research and trials with improved methodologies would be required in the future to increase our understanding and provide more certainty on this matter.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshRespiratory infections - Prevention-
dc.subject.lcshVitamin D - Health aspects-
dc.titleEffect of vitamin D supplementation on prevention of upper respiratory tract infections : a systematic review of randomized controlled trials / y Guo Jing-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5098550-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Public Health-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePublic Health-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5098550-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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